Lieutenant Herbert Musgrave (Royal Flying Corps) carries out the first experiments with dropping bombs from the air. One bomb is dropped, it explodes, but not exactly where or how it was expected to explode. Lieutenant Musgrave will be killed in action serving in the Royal Engineers in June 1918 at age 42.
South African forces occupy Luderitz Bay in South West Africa, which the Germans have evacuated militarily on 10 August.
The German cruiser Dresden comes upon the freighter Ortega, bound from Valparaiso to Europe. The Germans fire two blank shells across her bow, but instead of surrendering, Captain Douglas Kinnier takes the Ortega at full speed into the uncharted Nelson Strait aware that the cruiser will not follow, due to the Straits uncharted nature. For his bravery Kinnier will be given a temporary commission in the Royal Naval Reserve so that he can be awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. His son will be killed in September 1916 while serving as a private in the Saskatchewan Regiment.
Today’s losses include:
- Assistant Director of Medical Service Royal Army Medical Corps who was also:
- A Royal Humane Society Medal winner for life saving
- A member of the Pembroke Rowing Club
- President of the Monkstown Rugby Football Club
- An Arnott Gold Medal for gallantry holder
- A man whose letters home will be published after the war as Journal of the R.A.M.C
- Honorary Secretary of the Canterbury (NZ) Society of Arts
- Member of the Wes Sussex Constabulary
- The first son of a family that will lose another son in the war
Today’s highlighted casualty is
Lieutenant Colonel Charles Dalton (Assistant Director of Medical Services with the Staff of the 2nd Division, Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed as a result of being hit by a shell fragment in the spine, while carrying wounded men to Verneuil Chateau at age 47. He is the son of John Edward Dalton and was awarded a Silver Medal 1st Class by the French Government and the Gold Medal by the Royal Humane Society for saving lives at sea during the sinking of RMS Cotopaxi in 1889 when he was acting as the ship’s surgeon. He is a member of the Pembroke Rowing Club and player and President at the time of his death of the Monkstown Football Club. He also saved the life of Lieutenant Craig-Brown in India in 1898. He was wounded during the South African War and was the first winner of the Arnott Gold Medal for gallantry distinguished in the field by the Irish Medical School and Graduates Association. His letters home will be published next January under the title “Journal of the R.A.M.C”.
- Lieutenant Oliver Dunham Melville Garsia (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed at age 28. He is the Honorary Secretary of the Canterbury (NZ) Society of Arts. His elder brother was killed in India serving in the Durham Light Infantry.
- Corporal Stephen Hickmott (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will be killed in August 1917.
- Private James William Cudby(Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 26. He was a member of the West Sussex Constabulary and the first of twenty-two members of that force killed in the Great War.