Monday 19 October 1914 – We Lost 343
I Corps arrives at Ypres. ‘Sir’ Henry Rawlinson is unable to occupy Menin.
The 2nd Royal Irish Regiment is surrounded and more than 300 men (nearly all wounded) surrender after a very stiff fight at Le Pilly on the Aubers Ridge. (The Battalion will be withdrawn to be rebuilt shortly after this affair).
HMS Chatham, responding to a report that German ships have been seen at the settlement of Lindi, steams into the mouth of the Lukuledi River, clears for action, but the only vessel he finds there is the merchant ship Prasident. She is flying the flag of the International Red Cross. Notes are exchanged between Captain Drury-Lowe and the governor of Lindi. The Chatham’s first officer, Commander R Fitzmaurice, discovers documents showing Prasident has been supplying SMS Konigsberg with both intelligence and provisions at a place called Salale. Drury-Lowe disables Prasident’s engines. Salale is not shown on any British maps, so its location is unknown. Also found on board is a recent survey of the waters off the Rufiji River. The British also discover an out of date copy of the “Handbuch der Ostkurste Afrikas” in which the village of Salale is mentioned as being on the Rufiji. Drury-Lowe heads for the Rufiji.
A new naval decoration the Distinguished Service Medal is established for “bravery and resource under fire”. Two hundred twenty nine holders will lose their lives in the Great War.
Today’s losses include”
- Cousin of Winston Churchill
- Son and son-in-law of Baronets
- Grandson of the 2nd Marquess of Headfort
- Sons of Generals
- Son of a Justice of the Peace
- Son of clergy
- A member of the Marylebone Cricket Club
- Families that will lose two, three and four sons
Today’s highlighted casualty is
Captain Norman Jerome Beauchamp Leslie (Rifle Brigade) a son of Colonel ‘Sir’ John Leslie the 2nd Baronet and cousin of Winston Churchill is killed in action at age 25 when he is shot by a sniper at Armentieres.
- Captain John Hugh Gardiner McCormick (Warwickshire Regiment) dies of wounds as a prisoner of war at age 28. He is the son of S S McCormick JP.
- Captain George Ryefield Taylour(Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 39. He is the son of Major General ‘Lord’ John Henry Taylour and grandson of the 2nd Marquess of Headfort KP. He was wounded and made a prisoner of war during the South African War and is a keen amateur heavyweight boxer.
- Captain Francis Percy Campbell Pemberton (Life Guards) is killed at age 29. He is the only son of Canon T Percy Pemberton Prebendary of York Minster and a member of the MCC. He is also the son-in-law of ‘Sir’ William Worsley Baronet.
- Captain Leicester William le Marchant Carey(Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 36. He is the only son of the late Major General Constantine Carey CB.
- Private Frank William Farrant(Cheshire Regiment) is killed his brother will be killed in October 1917.
- Private Stephen Collins (Irish Regiment) is killed at age 16. He is the first of four sons of Agnes Collins of Waterford who will be killed in the Great War.
- Private Thomas Kavanagh (Irish Regiment) is killed at age 32. He is the first of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.