Tuesday 2 November 1914 – We Lost 471
The 1st Irish Guards are again heavily shelled. Due to the destruction of No. 3 Company, the Battalion is re-organized from four to three companies. All the officers of No. 3 have been listed as casualties and only 26 men answer the roll call. The overall casualties of the battalion for 1 November are listed as forty-four killed, two hundred five wounded and eighty-eight missing.
The village of Soupir falls into German hands though it will be held less than one week.
Private J W Chance (Lincolnshire Regiment) takes a message from the firing line under heavy fire and delivers it though wounded along the way. For this action he will be awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.
Captain F W Cauldfield, in HMS Fox arrives off Tanga at 07:05. With his crew at action stations and his guns pointed toward the town, he lowers a boat and sends it with a demand to see the district commissioner. Because of the August agreement between Captain Sykes of HMS Astraea and the German governor guarantying neutrality of Dar es Salaam and Tanga, Cauldfield thinks it only fair to warn the Germans that the deal is off. The German commissioner hurries aboard, stopping long enough to send a message to Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck. Cauldfield greets him with the demand that he surrender the town, which he threatens to bombard if it is not given up. Being concerned about mines he asks if the harbor is mined. The commissioner assures him that the harbor is filled with mines and asks for an hours grace to confer with his superiors. While Cauldfield waits, von Lettow-Vorbeck with a trainload of askaris rockets down the railroad tracks towards Tanga at top speed. He needs all the time the British will give him, as there are only eight locomotives on the line and they can only field one company with its baggage or two companies without baggage in one haul. Cauldfield lingers for ten minutes after the hour before he decides that Tanga is not going to surrender. Even then he does not fire a shot. He wires for a minesweeper and rejoins the invasion convoy. British inefficiency and sheer stupidity gives the Germans even more time. The Helmuth arrives to sweep the mines; there are none and never have been any. The Helmuth collects only floating logs and empty tin cans. Captain Meinertzhagen writes in his diary of Cauldfield: “He seems nervous, yet pompous, shifty-eyed, and not at all inclined to help. It strikes me that he is definitely afraid and is always referring to the safety of his blasted ship, ignoring the fact it is his business to protect us even if he loses his ship.” There is further delay while Cauldfield and Aitken try to decide where the troops should be landed. Eventually they settle on the south side of Ras Kasone, a headland about two miles from the town that guards Manza Bay from the sea and the only part of the shore free of mangroves. The transports anchor off the landing sight and HMS Fox at last fires its six-inch guns – at some unoccupied entrenchments. It had been intended that the troops will disembark this afternoon, but is almost 22:00 before the first troops of Tighe’s brigade, the 13th Rajputs and the 61st King George’s Own Pioneers, land on the hostile, unreconnoitred shore, and it is past midnight before both battalions are landed. None of the senior officers expect serious opposition. When a patrol reports that is has been fired upon by two machine guns on the edge of the town, the report is “received with considerable skepticism.”
The light cruiser HMS Minerva shells the unmanned fort and puts a landing party ashore, which blows up the post office at the Turkish Red Sea port of Akaba.
The British Admiralty proclaims that the North Sea will be wholly a military area as of 5 November.
Today’s losses include:
- Son of the 6th Earl of Castle Stewart
- Son of the 6th Baron MacDonald of Slate
- Son of the 1st Baron Bellper
- Son-in-law of the 8th Earl of Aylesford
- Son-in-law of the 1st and last Baron Stamfordham
- Grandson of the 14th Earl Carnwath
- Son of a Baronet
- Multiple battalion commanders
- The son of the Acting Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces of India
- Grandson of the founder of the Dictionary of National Biography
- A grand nephew of Horatio ‘Lord’ Nelson
- Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
- Grandson of a Justice of the Peace
- Grandson of a Member of Parliament
- Son of a General
- Grandson of Generals
- Son of an Admiral
- Sons of Clergy
- Grandson of Clergy
- Two nephews killed in the Second World War
- A man whose child will be born early next year
- Families that will lose two and three sons
- A man whose son will be killed later in the Great War
- The son of a Writer to the Signer
- A man whose brother-in-law will be killed in the war
Today’s casualty of the day is
Lieutenant Colonel Charles Oliver Swanston DSO (Commanding 34th Poona Horse, Indian Army) is killed near Neuve Chapelle at age 49. He is the son of Major General William Oliver Swanston (Indian Army) who served during the Mutiny and the grand nephew of Horatio ‘Lord’ Nelson. He served in Tirah in 1897-8 and in Waziristan in 1901-2. He is the son-in-law of Bruce Johnston, writer to the Signet.
- Lieutenant Colonel Henry Anderson (Commanding 9th Bhopal Infantry) is killed.
- Major Lionel Stuart Logan(Supply and Transport Corps) is accidentally killed on his way to the front at age 40. His brother will be killed in action in September 1916 they are sons of Major General Archibald George Douglas Logan.
- Major Eustace Crawley(Royal Lancers) is killed at age 46. His widow is Lady Violet Crawley and the daughter of the 8th Earl of Aylesford. He served in Sierra Leone in 1898-9, commanded the Bula Expedition in 1899, the South African War and the Kano Expedition in 1902-3.
- Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane(Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 32. He is the son of Vice Admiral Edward and Lady Edith Adeane the daughter of the 14th Earl of Carnwath and the son-in-law of the 1st and last Baron Stamfordham who will lose his only son in May 1915, Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ John Neville Bigge..
- Captain ‘Viscount’ Robert Sheffield Stuart (Scots Fusiliers) is killed in action at Neuve Chapelle at age 28. He will lose a brother in September next year. They are sons of the 6th Earl Castle Stewart and grandson of General Arthur Stevens and the Right Reverend the Honorable Andrew Godfrey Stuart. His two nephews, both sons of the 7th Earl will be killed in World War II.
- Captain Cyril Francis Hawley(King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 36. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Henry Hawley, the 5th Baronet and had served in the South African Campaign.
- Captain Harry Vernon Gerrard (Border Regiment) is killed by a shell at Ypres. He is a South Africa War veteran and his brother will be killed during the Singapore Riots next February.
- Captain Archibald Alastair McLeod(Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed leading an attack on a Belgian farm at age 37. He is the son of Lieutenant General William Kelly McLeod and the nephew of Lieutenant General John McLeod. He served in the South African War and is the son-in-law of Lord Henry Fitzwarrine of Donegall.
- Captain Thomas Humphrey Sneyd(Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 31. He is the son of Major General Thomas William Sneyd. His only child a daughter will be born next April.
- Captain Bingham Alexander TurnerDSO (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 37. He is the son of General Edmund Penrose Bingham Turner. He served in the Nile Campaign of 1898 and the South African War.
- Lieutenant ‘The Honorable’ Geofrey Even Hugh MacDonald(Scots Guards) dies of wounds at age 35. He is the son of the 6th Baron Macdonald of Slate and had served in the South African Campaign.
- Lieutenant Harold Clement Montague Lucas(Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 38. He is the son of the late General H F E Lucas.
- Lieutenant Edward Arthur Lousada (Royal Sussex Regiment) is killed. His sister’s husband will be killed in February and his brother in May of next year.
- Lieutenant Thomas Hugh Mathews (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in October 1916.
- Lieutenant Richard Charles Graves-Sawle (Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 26. He is the only son of Rear Admiral ‘Sir’ Charles Graves-Sawle the 4th Baronet, nephew of Colonel ‘Sir’ Francis Graves-Sawle MVO Baronet and son-in-law of Lieutenant Colonel Heaton-Ellis JP DL.
- Lieutenant Geoffrey Dyett Abbott (Connaught Rangers) is killed at age 23. He is the grandson of Lieutenant General H D Abbott CB and Major General J C Berkeley CIE.
- Lieutenant James Lestock Ironsdie Rew (Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 27. He is the 1st cousin twice removed of Brigadier General Nicholson hero of Deli.
- Lieutenant Laurence Gail Nicholson (Royal Berkshire Regiment attached Hussars) dies of wounds at home at age 32 of wounds received when he led and commanded his platoon during an attack on German positions on the Paschendaele Becelaere road which resulted in the taking of the enemy’s trenches and seventy prisoners.
- Lieutenant Anthony Theodore Clephane Wickham (Connaught Rangers) is killed by a sniper at age 27. He is an amateur actor and the only son of the Reverend James Douglas Clephane Wickham JP.
- Lieutenant Duncan Baillie (Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed next year. They are sons of ‘Sir’ Duncan Colvin Baillie Acting Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces.
- Lieutenant Arthur George Murray-Smith(Life Guards) dies of wounds received 20th October as a prisoner of war at age 28. He is the son-in-law of J S Ainsworth.. His younger brother will be killed in September 1915. They are grandsons of the founder of the Dictionary of National Biography the 1st Baron Belper.
- Second Lieutenant Leslie George Hamlyn Harris(Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the late Major General Noel H Harris (Royal Artillery).
- Second Lieutenant Claude Joseph O’Conor Mallins (Connaught Rangers) is killed at age 20. He is the grandson of Roderick Joseph O’Conor JP.
- Second Lieutenant William Ronald Morley Crossman (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 20. He is the son of Major Lawrence Morley Crossman JP and grandson of Major General ‘Sir’ William Crossman KCMG MP.
- Second Lieutenant Douglas Lennox Harvey (Lancers) is killed by a shell three days after his older brother was killed serving the same regiment. They are sons of the Reverend Edward Douglas Lennox Harvey JP DL and Vice Chairman of West Sussex County Council.
- Battery Sergeant Major John Marks Gilbert(Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 42. He was the organizing secretary to Lord Roberts in the National Service League and had served in the Army for twenty-one years.
- Private James Healy (Connaught Rangers) is killed at age 35. His brother will die on service in October 1917.
- Rifleman Vance Edmund Quicke (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 27. He is the son of the late Reverend A G D Quicke.
- Drummer Charles Watts (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 30. His brother George and Will also lose their lives in the War.
- Private James Healy (Connaught Rangers) is killed at age 35. His brother will die on service at home in October 1917.
photo from ebay.com