Thursday 21 January 1915 – We Lost 110
S S Durward is sunk by a submarine twenty two miles northwest from the Maas light vessel.
His Majesty’s Ambassador at Washington announces that S S Dacia, if captured, will be placed in a Prize Court. The Dacia a vessel of the Hamburg-Amerika line has been lying at Port Arthur, Texas, since the outbreak of the war. With the permission of the United States Government, she is bought by an American citizen of German descent who proposes to send her to Bremen with a cargo of cotton shipped by American citizens. The destination, however, is afterwards changed to Rotterdam. The point at issue is the validity of the transfer to neutrals of vessels belonging to a belligerent. Cotton is not being treated as contraband at this time and the British government offers, if the ship is seized, to purchase the cargo or have it forwarded without charge to Rotterdam.
Today’s losses include:
- A naturalist, photographer and botanical exploder from South Africa
- A member of the St Mary’s Fife and Drum Band
- An England Rugby International
Today’s highlighted casualty is
Private Edward Stuart Cardinal Dyke (Imperial Light Horse) dies of wounds received while on patrol in Walvis Bay German South West Africa at age 42. He is a naturalist, photographer and botanical explorer and is one of the first to die in the campaign. In his spare time during his working life, he climbed the Cape Peninsula mountains, the Hottentots-Holland mountains, and nearby ranges, all of which are spectacular examples of Fynbos, including Peninsula Granite Fynbos, Peninsula Sandstone Fynbos and a number of related biomes. Later, when the railway administration moved to Johannesburg, he continued his explorations in various parts of the Drakensberg mountains, as well as on visits to Lesotho. On such excursions he collected avidly and sent specimens to Dr Rudolf Marloth. He extended his explorations to other regions as well; for example, while climbing the Cockscomb Mountains in the Winterberg range near Uitenhage he discovered a hitherto unrecognised species of Protea, later named Protea dykei Phill (now seen as a synonym of Protea rupicola). On Matroosberg in the Hex River Mountains, he discovered a new species of “everlasting”, flowers that in those days were generally included in the genus Helichrysum. That species was described by Harry Bolus under the name Helichrysum dykei Bolus.
- Lieutenant Percy Dale Kendall (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at Ypres at age 36. He is a former Rugby union player and international who earned 3 caps playing for England.
- Lance Corporal Joseph Salmon (Munster Fusiliers) dies of wounds received in action at age 19. He is the first of three members of the St Mary’s Fife and Drum Band who will lose their lives in the first year of the Great War and he is the son of the Conductor of the Band.