Monday 22 February 1915 – We Lost 167
First Squadron Royal Naval Air Service moves to Dunkirk to relieve 3rd Squadron which is withdrawn for service in the Dardanelles.
The German submarine blockade of Great Britain begins, delayed by four days (see 4th Feb) due to last minute misgivings by the German High Command.
Admiral Archibald Stoddart’s flagship, the Carnarvon, strikes a submerged rock, and is so badly holed that she has to be beached to avoid sinking while temporary repairs are made.
At about 10:25 two German aircraft drop a few bombs near the Gabbard lightship.
Union forces occupy Garub, German South West Africa.
Today sees the opening courts martial for the Singapore Mutineers. These result in a large number of the mutineers being shot in public. The largest of these executions see a firing party of 110 shooting 22 mutineers. The mutineers who surrendered early are sent to fight in Africa against Von Lettow Vorbeck. A leading Indian merchant is implicated in the plot and is proven to have sent messages to the Turkish Consul in Rangoon offering his help by encouraging the Indian garrison in Singapore to mutiny. He is shot for his actions.
Final casualties are:
British – 33 military, 14 civilians (dead & wounded)
French – 1 wounded
Russian – 3 wounded
The mutiny leads to the compulsory military training of all Britons aged 18 to 55 in Singapore.
Today’s losses include:
- A Brigadier General
- A Victoria Cross winner
- The son of a General
- The son and nephew of Victoria Cross winners
- The son of the late Assistant Colonial Secretary at Trinidad
- Multiple families that will lose another son in the Great War
Today’s highlighted casualties are
Brigadier General ‘Sir’ John Edmond Gough VC KCB CMG dies of wounds received in action at age 43 at Estaires, France. He is either hit by a very keen eyed German sniper or an unlucky shot kills him on the Aubers Ridge. He had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at Daratoleh, on 22nd April 1903. He is the brother of General Hubert Gough, who rushes to his side when he hears of the wounding and they are both sons of of General ‘Sir’ Hugh Henry Gough VC and nephews of General Charles John Stanley Gough VC.
- Captain John Edward Guy Brown (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. His brother will die of wounds in May 1918.
- Lieutenant James William Nugent Gordon (Black Watch) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the late Assistant Colonial Secretary at Trinidad.
- Lieutenant Henry Francis Heatly (Yorkshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 24. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
- Private Harry Oldershaw (Irish Lancers) dies of wounds at age 19. His older brother will be killed in October of this year.
- Second Cooks Mate Frederick Thomas Hawkins (HMS Victory) dies at home at age 18. His brother will be killed on the Black Prince at Jutland.
- Private Frank Monaghan (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 22. His brother will be killed in May of this year. He served in the Royal Navy prior to the outbreak of war as a leading seaman.