Wednesday 28 April 1915 – We Lost 686
In the second battle of Ypres the German offensive is stopped.
Hunter-Weston attacks the Turkish lines in front of Krithia, under Achi, with the 29th Division on the left (87th Brigade left, 88th right, 86th in reserve), and the French 1st Division on the right, with the 2nd South Wales Borderers on the French right. Although by mid-morning, with the aid of naval gunfire from Queen Elizabeth, the British actually reach the slopes of Achi Baba, the 29th having been so badly mauled in the landings that a spirited Turkish counter attack, drives them off. Even the first British objective, the village of Krithia, only four miles from the landing beaches, proves an impossible objective: of the 14,000 men who attack this day, 3,000 are killed or wounded. The converted tramp steamer Manica, being used as the base for a Kite Balloon spotter on Gallipoli, directs naval fire that silences two field batteries while destroying several guns.
There are skirmishes east of the Suez Canal.
A German force is defeated at Gibeon, German South West Africa.
The two monitors, Severn and Mersey, are dispatched from Malta, where they have been sent in anticipation of being used in the Dardanelles campaign, and hauled by tugs 5,000 miles through the Suez Canal, into the Red Sea, and south along the African coast.
Today’s losses include:
- An artist and war correspondent
- A man whose two sons will be killed in the Second World War
- A man whose father will be killed later in the Great War
- A man whose son will be killed later in the Great War
- A Battalion Commander
- The brother of a General
- The son of a General
- The brother of a Baronet
- The son of a Justice of the Peace
- The son of a member of the clergy
- Multiple families that will lose two sons
Today’s highlighted casualties are:
- Lieutenant John Lionel Calvert Booth (Australian Infantry) dies of wounds at age 38. He is a talented artist who, as a child, illustrated and wrote stories. He was educated at Forest School, Epping Forest Essex and went on to become a war correspondent for, among others, Punch. In the Boer War, a photo exists of him on-board a ship en-route to South Africa, along with a young Winston Churchill. He illustrated a number of publications and had a few books of his own published – he loved to draw hunting scenes, which had formed a large part of his childhood, as both his parents were keen hunters. He also had a very keen sense of humor which shines through in both his writing and illustrations. He married Margaret ‘Daisy’ Dockerill also a talented artist in 1905, and they had two sons John Calvert and Arthur Frank, both of whom will to die in The Second World War. Booth covered the Balkans conflict, for Punch, from 1912 to 1913, after which he and his family immigrated to Western Australia in 1914. He had only been there for 9 months when The First World War broke out and he enlisted in the Australian Infantry. Among his possessions listed as being returned to his wife was his beloved banjo which went everywhere with him.
- Colonel Augustus David Geddes (commanding 2nd East Kent Regiment) is killed at age 48. His brother will die on service after the Armistice as a Brigadier General.
- Major George Cecil Brooke (Border Regiment) is killed in action at age 44. He is the son of the late Brigadier General Henry Brooke. He was educated at Wellington College and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. He served in the Wazirstan Expedition of 1895, the Malakand Expedition 1897-8, the Siege of Tientsin and the relief of Peking during the Boxer Rebellion and is qualified as a Chinese Interpreter.
- Major Aeneas Charles Perkins (Pathans) is killed at age 43. He is the son of General ‘Sir’ Aeneas Perkins KCB.
- Captain William Duncan Hepburn (Seaforth Highlanders attached Royal Scots) is killed on Gallipoli. His brother was killed in November 1914.
- Captain Claude Apsinall Wythes (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 29. He is the son of Francis Aspinall JP.
- Captain Alexander Murray McGregor Bell (Scots Fusiliers) dies of wounds in London received last month. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
- Captain Alan Arthur Fowler (Cameron Highlanders) is killed by a shell at age 28. His only brother the 3rd Baronet will be killed in June of this year and they are the grandsons of ‘Sir’ John Fowler engineer of the Forth Bridge and ‘Sir” Edward Clive Bayley KCSI. Captain Fowler married Alice Mary youngest daughter of ‘Sir’ Charles Bayley GCIE Lieutenant Governor of Bihar and Orissa. Captain Fowler received his Commission in 1907, joining his battalion in South Africa and accompanying it to China and India. He returned to England in November 1914 and three weeks later left with his Regiment for France. At this time he acted as Transport Officer and was afterwards on the Staff of his Brigadier. By the middle of April the greater portion of his brother-officers have been killed, wounded, or invalided home, and when his battalion is sent to the relief of other troops on Hill 60, he is in command of B Company, which occupied the front trench on the lip of a huge crater 40 feet deep, formed by the explosion of a mine.
- Sub Lieutenant Jeffreys Ivor Jones-Parry (HMS Wolverine, Royal Naval Reserve) is killed in action at sea. His father will be killed as a Major in Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry in July.
- Second Lieutenant James Cartmell Dennison Brown (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Frank and Lady Brown.
- Petty Officer 2nd Class Richard Dale (HMS Canopus) dies of wounds during the battle of Krithia at age 49. His son will be killed in March 1916.
- Corporal Benjamin Anderson (Seaforth Highlanders) a veteran of the South Africa War is killed. His brother will be killed in August 1917.
- Sergeant Cedric Hasledine Collisson (British Columbia Regiment) is killed at age 27. He is the son of the Reverend Sydney Garbertt Collisson Vicar of Bradford.
- Private Anthony Byrne (Leinster Regiment) is killed in action two days after his brother was also killed.
- Private George Litchfield (East Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed on HMS Tartar in June 1917.
- Private James McIntosh (Central Ontario Regiment) dies of wounds at age 25. His brother will be killed in the same regiment in June 1916.
- Private Peter Christensen (Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will also be killed in the Great War.