Monday 31 May 1915 – We Lost 245
There is fighting at Hooge.
London suffers its first air raid. Zeppelin LZ38 comes in over Margate at 21:42, flies northwest to Shoeburyness and then makes for London. The attack starts on Stoke Newington at 23:20 and thirty small high explosive bombs and ninety incendiaries are dropped, totaling 3,000 pounds, scattered on a curving line south to Stepney, then northeast to Leytonstone. Seven people are killed and thirty five injured. Nine aircraft go into the air in a vain attempt to catch the Zeppelin, one of which, a Sopwith Gunbus, apparently lost, crashes while trying to land at Theobalds Park in Herefordshire. The pilot Flight Lieutenant Douglas M Barnes is killed. LZ37 is briefly over the north Kent coast, having been unsuccessfully sought by ten Royal Naval Air Service aircraft from Dunkirk, but drops no bombs.
British forces under General C V F Townshend commanding the 9th Division advances up the Tigris. Using a flotilla of boats to help move men and supplies he defeats the Turks at Kurna, on the Tigris, capturing the town.
Germans capitulate to Anglo/French forces at Monso, Cameroon.
Today’s losses include:
- A Brigadier General
- Son of a Baronet
- Former military correspondent for The Times
- Grandson of the former Mayor of London
- Heavyweight Boxing Champion of the West Coast of New Zealand
- Grand nephew of a General
- Multiple families that will lose another son in the Great War
- Families that will lose two and three more sons in the Great War
Today’s highlighted casualties are:
- Brigadier General George Colborne Nugent MVO (Irish Guards) General Officer Commanding 141st Infantry Brigade 47th Division is killed in action at age 51. He is the son ‘Sir’ Edmund Charles Nugent 11th
- Lieutenant Colonel Stuart Huntley Hooper (Deputy Assistant Adjutant General – British Expeditionary Forces) dies of illness in London at age 47. He is a former military correspondent for “The Times”.
- Captain Richard Reginald Maude Brooke (Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed in Mesopotamia at age 37. He is the son of Lady Kathleen Bushe.
- Second Lieutenant Albert Reginald Knight Aitkens (London Regiment) dies of wounds at age 30. He is the grandson of Alderman ‘Sir’ Henry Knight Mayor of London 1883. His brother will be killed in July 1916.
- Sergeant Percy Kent Irvine (Canterbury Infantry) is killed at age 24. He is the grand nephew of the late Major General ‘Sir’ Henry Kent.
- Private Clarence Walker (Duke of Wellington’s Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. His brother will be killed in September 1916.
- Private George Councellor Willetts (Canterbury Infantry) is killed at age 25. He is the heavyweight boxing champion of the West Coast of New Zealand.
- Trooper Victor James Christophers (Otago Mounted Rifles) is killed on Gallipoli at age 29. He is the first of four brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War.
- Leading Seaman William James Tingley (Howe Royal Naval Division) is killed on Gallipoli at age 23. He is the first of three brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War.
- Private William McClellan (Cheshire Regiment) is killed at age 31. His brother will be killed in February 1917.