Monday 9 August 1915 – We Lost 2,714

by greatwarliveslost

Poet Nowell Oxland

Poet Nowell Oxland

General Godley remains at his headquarters near the beach, largely ignorant of the state of the fighting on Chunuk Bair. His plan for today is to take Hill Q. The main force for the assault is the 38th Brigade of the 13th Division commanded by Brigadier General Anthony Baldwin. Baldwin but the situation is so confused that the force he leads toward Hill Q contains only one of his normal battalions, the 6th East Lancashire Regiment. He also has the 9th Worcestershire Regiment and 9th Warwickshire Regiment from the 39th Brigade and the 5th Wiltshire Regiment from the 40th Brigade (who would later be redirected to reinforce Chunuk Bair). Plus he leads two 10th (Irish) Division battalions; the 10th Hampshire Regiment and 6th Royal Irish Rifles from the 29th Brigade.

This force will climb to Hill Q from the Farm. At the same time the New Zealanders on the right from Chunuk Bair and units of General Vaughn Cox’s Indian Brigade on the left will also attack the hill. The plan falls apart when Baldwin’s battalions become lost in the dark trying to find the Farm which they do not reach until after dawn around 06:00. The only force to reach Hill Q is Allanson’s battalion of Gurkhas. They suffer the same fate as Colonel Malone, shelled by their own artillery, and their stay on the hill is brief. With the offensive once again stalled, the New Zealanders on Chunuk Bair have to endure another day of Turkish harassment. As night falls the remaining New Zealanders move back to the Apex and are replaced by two New Army battalions, the 6th  North Lancashire Regiment and some of the 5th Wiltshire Regiment from Baldwin’s force.

At about 05:00 this morning, a series of determined attacks is made by the enemy on an isolated sap, where six officers are killed or severely wounded, a portion of the sap being lost.  Lieutenat William John Syons (Australian Infantry) then leads a charge and retakes the sap, shooting two Turks with his revolver.  The sap is under hostile fire from three sides and Lieutenant Symons withdraws some fifteen yards to a spot where some overhead cover can be obtained, and in the face of heavy firfe, builds up a sand barricade.  The enemy succeeds in setting fire to the fascines and woodword of the head-cover, but Lieutenant Symons extinguishes the fire and rebuilds the barricade.  For his actions this day and yesterday he will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

At Lone Pine the enemy makes a determined counter attack on the center of the newly captured trench held by Lieutenant Frederick Harold Tubb, two corporals Alexander Stewart Burton and William Dunstan (Australian Infantry) and a few men.  The enemy blow in the sandbag barricade leaving only a foot standing, but the lieutenant and the two corporals repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade.  Twice more the enemy blows in the barricade and on each occasion they are repulsed and the barricade rebuilt, Corporal Burton is killed while most gallantly building up the parapet under a hail of bombs.  All three men will be awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions on this day.

During a heavy bomb attack by the enemy on the newly captured position at Lone Pine, Private John Hamilton (Australian Infantry), with utter disregard of personal safety, exposes himself under a heavy fire on the parados, in order to secure a better fire position against the enemy’s bomb throwers.  His coolness and daring example has an immediate effect.  The enemy is driven off with heavy losses.  For his actions on this day he will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

During the morning Captain Alfred John Shout (Australian Infantry) at Lone Pine trenches and with a small party charges down trenches strongly occupied by the enemy and personally throws four bombs among them, killing eight and routing the remainder.  In the afternoon from the position gained in the morning he captures a further length of trench under similar conditions but as he is holding three bombs the final one, having thrown the other two, bursts in his hand destroying his right hand and shattering the left side of his face and body.  Carried to the rear he dies two days later on board HMHS Euralia.  For his actions on this day he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

The march by 32nd Brigade from Suvla Bay to Tekke Tepe ridge, in darkness over unfamiliar, rough terrain, is difficult and the brigade will not approach the summit until 04:00. Turkish reinforcements have reached the ridge shortly before them and meet the exhausted British infantry with a bayonet charge. The 32nd Brigade is virtually annihilated in a matter of minutes and the remnants of the battalions scatter back towards the beach. Around midday the gunfire set scrub alight on Scimitar Hill.

A battalion of Gurkhas from the Indian Brigade, commanded by Major Cecil Allanson, reach a secondary objective, the neighboring summit of Hill Q, today but are forced to retreat shortly afterwards.

The destroyer HMS Lynx (Commander John Francis Herbert Cole, Royal Navy) strikes a mine in a field off Moray Firth laid by the German auxiliary minelayer Meteor.  There are seventy casualties including her commanding officer while there are twenty-six survivors.

Today’s losses include:

  • A member of the New Zealand Parliament
  • A Great War Poet
  • A relative of the architect Edwin Lutyens an architect of many WWI memorials
  • Two battalion commanders
  • A son of the 1st Baron Hewart
  • A brother of the 8th Earl of Dartmouth
  • A son of the 10th Baron Middleton
  • The son of a Baronet
  • A son of a General
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • Multiple examples of sons of members of the clergy
  • Two brothers killed together by ‘friendly fire’
  • Multiple examples of two brothers killed together
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • A man who will have his two brothers killed tomorrow in the same regiment
  • Multiple examples of men who will have a brother killed in the Great War
  • A man whose nephew will be killed in the Second World War
  • A man whose father was killed in November 1914 as the fleet surgeon of HMS Good Hope
  • A man whose brother will be killed in North Africa in 1941
  • The ‘father’ of actor David Niven
  • An Australian Rugby International
  • Two Rosslyn Park Rugby footballers
  • A member of the All-Blacks
  • A player for the Workington Central Football Club

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

 Major Frank Hadfield Statham (Otago Regiment) and his brother Corporal Clive Heathcote Falk Statham (Otago Regiment,) a Member of Parliament in New Zealand are both killed about 05:00 when a Turkish attack on their position is at its height.  Three high explosive howitzer shells coming from the right rear land near their position killing the brothers and seven or eight other men. The shell almost certainly comes from one of the howitzer batteries inside the old ANZAC line. They are killed by ‘friendly’ fire.

  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Glanville Allen Moore (commanding 6th East Yorkshire Regiment) is murdered at age 50 after being taken prisoner by the Turks when he is stabbed and bayoneted through the back, he dies about 10 minutes later. He is the son of the Reverend Henry Dawson Moore former Vicar of Hornby.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Franklin MacAulay Gillespie (commanding 4th South Wales Borderers) is killed on Gallipoli at age 42.
  • Major Henry Pulleine John Cowell (Royal Field Artillery attached Royal Horse Artillery) dies of wounds on a hospital ship off Gallipoli at age 34. He is the son of Major General the Right Honorable ‘Sir’ John Clayton Cowell KCB PC and a veteran of the South African War.
  • Major James McGregor Elmslie (Wellington Mounted Rifles) dies of wounds at age 38. He is a South African War veteran and football player and his brother will die of wounds in Egypt in 1917.
  • Another Major in the Wellington Rifles Norman Frederick Hastings DSO commanding the 6th Squadron dies of wounds at age 35. He is also a South Africa War veteran and one of only 14 members of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces to be awarded the Legion of Honour by the President of France.
  • Captain Robert Maxwell Pike (Royal Flying Corps) is killed in action at age 29. He is the son of Robert Lechy Pike DL.
  • Captain Percival Leathley Browne (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 32. He is the son of the late Reverend S B Browne and his brother will die of wounds next April received in the Easter Rising.
  • Captain ‘The Honorable’ Gerald Legge (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 33. He is the brother of the 8th Earl of Dartmouth and son of the 6th His nephew will be killed in the Second War.
  • Captain Francis George Godfrey Willoughby (Rifle Brigade) is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the 10th Baron Middleton and has a brother who will be killed at the Battle of Jutland.
  • Captain Charles Graeme Lutyens (East Lancashire Regiment) dies of wounds received at Sari Bahr on Gallipoli at age 28. His brother will die of wounds in January 1918 and the brothers are related to the architect Edwin Lutyens who will design many Great War Memorials.
  • Captain Robert Dewar Squires (Sherwood Foresters) is killed on Gallipoli at age 27. He is the son of the late Reverend Robert Alfred Squires Vicar of St Peter’s St Albans.
  • Captain Cuthbert Arthur Verge (Medical Officer 6th Australian Light Horse) dies in Egypt of dysentery contracted on Gallipoli at age 35. He played international rugby for Australia against Great Britain in 1904.
  • Captain Ralph Hawksworth Legard (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 40. He is a Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer and his brother will die of wounds in 1924 while serving as Headmaster at Bow School, Durham that he received in the war
  • Lieutenant Kenneth John Wyatt Peake (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. He has two brothers who will be killed in the Great War, one in 1915 the other in 1916.
  • Lieutenant Geoffrey Pennell Walsh (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 22. His father was Fleet Surgeon James Joseph Walsh (HMS Good Hope) when she went down in November 1914.
  • Lieutenant Richard Parker Gilbanks (Border Regiment) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend William Foster Gilbanks Rector of Gt Orton.
  • Lieutenant Herbert Debenham (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at Chunak Bair at age 26 when he is shot through the heart while leading an attack. He is the son of the Reverend John Wilmot Debenham.
  • Lieutenant Nowell Oxland (Border Regiment) is killed in action two days after landing at Suvla Bay at Gallipoli at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend William Oxland (Royal Navy) Rector of Alston and one of the minor Great War Poets. He showed promise of becoming a writer of distinction and his poem “Outward Bound” is first published in The Times later this year while his Poems and Stories will be published in 1917. He played rugby football for Rosslyn Park, Richmond, Middlesex and Cumberland. He is a friend and contemporary of William Noel Hodgson who will be killed on the Somme in July 1916.
  • Lieutenant Stanley Charles Squire (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. His brother is wounded in the same action and they are sons of the Reverend Charles Henry Squire Vicar of Southrop.
  • Lieutenant William Edward Graham Niven (Berkshire Yeomanry) is killed in action at Scimitar Hill at age 37. He is the father of the actor David Niven.
  • Lieutenant William John Osborne (Lancashire Fusiliers) dies of wounds received in action two days prior in the same action that his younger brother was killed.
  • Lieutenant Hubert Hartnell-Sinclair (Australian Infantry) dies of wounds at Kaiajik Aghala, near Hill 971 north Anzac at age 30. His brother will be killed in France serving in the British Army next month.
  • Lieutenant William Louis Jennings Longbourne (Royal West Surrey Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 27. His brother will be killed in May 1917.
  • Lieutenant Frank Ernest Gent (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 22. He is the son of the late Albert William Gent JP.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Giles Prichard (East Yorkshire Regiment) dies of wounds at home at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Collwyn Prichard Vicar of Alresford who lost another son in April of this year.
  • Lieutenant George Herbert Davies (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 26. His brother will be killed next July and they are sons of the Reverend John Bayley Davies Rector of Waters Upton.
  • Lieutenant E M Harper (Munster Fusiliers) is killed in the Dardanelles. His brother will be killed in July 1916.
  • Lieutenant Laurence Trench Wilson (Royal Garrison Artillery attached Royal Engineers) is killed at age 30 on the Western Front. He is the son of the late Reverend Alfred Wilson, Vicar of St Michaels Bedford Park London.
  • Lieutenant Michael Vallancey Molloy (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Eben Molloy Vicar of Shenstone.
  • Second Lieutenant Gordon Morley Hewart (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. He is the son of the 1st Baron Hewart.
  • Second Lieutenant Aubrey William Fyldes (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 18. He is the son of the Reverend William Fyldes Vicar of Witton.
  • Second Lieutenant Culcheth Holcroft (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 20. He is the son of ‘Sir’ George Harry Holcroft 1st Baronet who will have another son killed in 1941 in North Africa.
  • Second Lieutenant William Charles Mayo (Sherwood Foresters) is killed on Gallipoli. He is the son of the Reverend Dr. James Mayo of Trinity College Cambridge who will lose another son in August 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant John Digby Cartwright (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend William Cartwright Rector of Aynhoe who will lose another son killed in September 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Walter Bassett Morgan (South Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli three months after his brother was killed also on Gallipoli. A third brother will be killed in a flying accident in May 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Longbottom (South Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 21. His brother was killed ten days ago.
  • Sergeant Henry Dewar (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 33. He is a prominent and popular rugby footballer and was a member of the All Blacks that toured California in 1913.
  • Sergeant Geoffrey Gibbings Wacher (London Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Lance Sergeant Harold Ernest Sanby (Rifle Brigade) is killed. His brother will be killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Brothers Lance Sergeant Henry and Corporal Albert Cottrell (Sherwood Foresters) are killed together.
  • Lance Corporal Harry Wise (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 19. His brother will be killed in May 1917 when HMS Derwent strikes a mine. Private Benjamin Shaw (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 24. His brother was killed last November.
  • Private Charles Alfred McKee (Border Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 33. His brother will be killed in September 1918.
  • Private Joseph Morgan (South Wales Borderers) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 29. His younger brother died of wounds in Egypt received in action on Gallipoli ten weeks earlier.
  • Private Francis William Fletcher (Sherwood Foresters) is killed on Gallipoli at age 24. His two brothers will both be killed later in the war the first next December and the second in 1917.
  • Privates Albert & Arthur Wadkin (West Yorkshire Regiment) are killed together on Gallipoli. Albert dies at 22 while his younger brother dies at age 20.
  • Private Benjamin Nutter (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 26. His brother was killed in May of this year.
  • Private Albert Fisher is killed in action serving with the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment on Gallipoli. His two brothers will be killed serving in the same regiment tomorrow.
  • Private Laurence Barnard Carlton (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed on Gallipoli at age 22. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Arthur Carlton.
  • Private Joseph Lilliman (Sherwood Foresters) is killed. He is the middle of three brothers who will be killed in the war.
  • Private Ernest Baguley (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in September 1916.
  • Private Percy George Sprott (Otago Regiment) is killed at age 22 on Gallipoli. His brother will die of wounds in November.
  • Private Albert Iceton (Border Regiment) is killed at age 25. He was a prominent footballer for Workington Central Football Club.
  • Trooper Thomas Lewis Douglas (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 26 the day after his brother was killed.
  • Trooper Richard Murphy (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed in action Chunuk Bair, Anzac serving alongside his brother Trooper Michael Murphy who is also killed. A third brother will be killed in November 1917.
  • Trooper Francis Darbyshire Twisleton (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed in action. His brother will be killed in action in October 1917.
  • Trooper James Ernest Walkley (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed. He is one of Manawaitu’s finest fullbacks.
  • Private Luke Knight (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 23. He is the first of three brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Brothers Albert, 21, and Allen Harper, 23, die while serving with the Lincolnshire Regiment and Edward 26, and Percy Stennett, 19, are also killed while serving in the same battalion.