Friday 13 August 1915 – We Lost 1,428
HMT Royal Edward (Master Peter Milman Wotton, Lieutenant Commander Royal Naval Reserve) is torpedoed and sunk by UB-14 taking reinforcements to Gallipoli. Owned and operated by the Canadian Northern Railway, it was requisitioned by the Admiralty and was the first British transport sunk by an enemy submarine.
Among the 935 killed in the sinking are
- Major Cuthbert Bromley VC (Lancashire Regiment) killed at age 36. He was awarded his Victoria Cross for the landing at Cape Helles on 25th He is the son of the late ‘Sir’ John Bromley CB.
- Second Lieutenant Cornwallis Charles Wyndham Maude (Australian Light Horse) is killed at age 39. He is the son of Lieutenant General Cornwallis Oswald Maude.
- Lance Corporal Bernard John Muriel (Essex Regiment) is killed. He is the son of the Reverend Harvy Muriel Rector of Edingthorpe.
- Lance Corporal William James Hurlock (Hampshire Regiment) is killed. He is 29 and has a brother who will be killed in November 1916. Lance Corporal Bernard John Muriel (Norfolk Regiment) is killed at age 28 in the sinking also. He is the son of the Reverend Harvey Muriel.
- Private Simeon Barnard is killed at age 23. His brother will be killed in July 1916.
- A number of sets of brothers are killed in the sinking. Privates Edwin, 25, and Victor Hillary, 19, are killed serving in the Hampshire Regiment.
- Brothers and Privates Walter (age 23) and Bertie James Light (age 21) are both killed in the sinking while also serving in the Hampshire Regiment.
- Another set of brothers and Privates killed on the Royal Edward and in the Hampshire Regiment are George Henry (age 22) and Frederick John Curtis (age 26). Their brother was killed on Gallipoli three days earlier.
- Three sets of brothers are killed while serving in sinking while serving in the Essex Regiment. All Private soldiers Francis Jacob age 38 and his brother George Henry Jeary, Arthur Morter age 29 and Sidney Morter age 28 and finally Albert Edward Reeve and his brother Edward Albert Reeve age 29.
- Private Frederick James Pointer (Army Service Corps) is lost at age 28. His brother was killed serving on HMS Aboukir last year.
Also killed in the Royal Edward are a number of members of the East Lancaster Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps
- Captain Charles Bertram Marshall (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed at age 27. He is the son of William Marshall JP.
- Corporal Henry Cartwright Helliwell killed at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend J Uttley Helliwell. Private Henry Dent is killed at age 43. He was for 15 years the organist at St James’ Church and the conductor of St Cecilia Choir and the Sabden Choral Society.
- Private Fred Wilkinson is killed at 33. He played for the Healy Wood football club.
The village of Dilwar near the coast to the south of Bushire from which the attack on the Bushire Residency in July was launched is destroyed by a combined naval and military operation. Five naval ratings are killed in the attack.
Three German naval officer prisoners of war escape from Dyffryn Aied Camp in North Wales just failing to reach U-38 off Landudno. They will be recaptured tomorrow.
Today’s losses include:
- A Baronet
- The son and heir of a Baronet
- A battalion commander
- The conductor of St Cecilia Choir and the Sabden Choral Society
- A Healy Wood footballer
- A church organist
- The son of a General
- Multiple sons of members of the clergy
- The son of a Justice of the Peace
- Multiple examples of brothers killed together
- Multiple examples of a family that will lose three sons in the Great War
- Multiple examples of families that will lose a second son
- A man whose son will be killed in the Second World War
- A man whose nephew will be killed in the Second World War
Today’s highlighted casualties are:
- Lieutenant Colonel ‘Sir’ William Lennox Napier (South Wales Borderers commanding 4th Royal Welsh Fusiliers) is killed by a sniper on Gallipoli at age 47. He is the 3rd
- Major Roger Dyke Baker (East Lancashire Regiment and Brigade Major 38th Infantry Brigade) dies of wounds on Mudros received on Gallipoli at age 36. He is the son of the Reverend Henry Defoe Baker Rector of Thruxton. He is a veteran of the Waziristan (1901-2) campaign and Somaliland (1904).
- Lieutenant Raymond Kirwood Ledger (Rifle Brigade attached Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Charles George Ledger Vicar of St Paul’s Hereford.
- Lieutenant William Francis John Maxwell (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) the only son of the 4th Baronet who was educated at Harrow, Trinity and Cambridge B.A. with honors is killed in action at age 29. There being no other heir, the title becomes extinct in the male line. Lieutenant Maxwell joined the King’s Own Scottish Borderers on leaving Cambridge and was sent to Gallipoli in May.
- Second Lieutenant Richard Popham Spurway (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed. He is the first of three sons of the Reverend Edward Popham Spurway who will lose their lives in the Great War.
- Second Lieutenant Donald Arthur Addams-Williams (South Wales Borderers) is killed in action in Gallipoli at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Herbert Addams-Williams Vicar of St Cybil’s Llangybi.
- Private Donald Thornton (Duke of Wellington’s Regiment) dies of wounds received in action at age 20. His brother will be killed in May 1918.
- Private Walter Harbour (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 25, his brother will be killed in June 1918 and a cousin will meet the same fate in September 1916.
- Private Ralph Barnes (Essex Regiment) dies of wounds at sea off Gallipoli at age 29. He is the first of three brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War the other two being killed in September 1916.
- Private Sydney Stewart Ware (South Wales Borderers) is killed on Gallipoli at age 31. His son will lose his life in the Second World War.
- Rifleman Clifford Royal King (Hampshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli. His brother will be killed next August in Mesopotamia. Their nephew will be killed in the Second World War.