Monday 11 October 1915 – We Lost 264
Submarine E19 (Lieutenant Commander Francis Newton Cromie) stops the Walter Leonhardt, bound from Lulea to Hamburg with iron ore. The German merchant ship is sunk with a charge of guncotton after the crew is taken off by a Swedish vessel. Two hours later E19 chases the Germania, bound with iron ore for Strettin. This German merchant ship refuses to stop and is driven ashore. E19 goes alongside to take off her crew, but they have already scrambled over the rocks to safety. Commander Cromie tries to tow the Germania off in order to sink her, but failing in this he leaves her so damaged that she can never sail again. One hour later E19 spots the Gutrune, who she catches after a two-hour chase. She too is loaded with iron ore and sent to the bottom, E19 taking off her crew and transferring them to another Swedish ship. Next E19 stops the Swedish Nyland, but her papers show her bound for Rotterdam so she is allowed to proceed. Ten minutes later E19 catches the Direktor Rippenhagen, another iron ore ship. She follows her predecessors to the bottom and Cromie embarks her crew in his submarine until he is able to stop a Swedish ship bound for Newcastle, whose Captain agrees to take the German crew with him. To finalize a full day E19 next sights the Nicodemia, the largest of the group and carrying a full load of iron ore from Lulea to Hamburg. On sighting E19 she turns and makes for the Swedish coast, hoping to reach the safety of neutral waters before she is caught. Two shots across her bow bring about a change of mind, and E19 sends across a boarding party. He crew is ordered into the boats and a scuttling charge placed on board which sends her cargo of 7,000 tons of ore to the bottom. The submarine then tows the boatloads of survivors to the coast.
Today’s losses include:
- The son of a Baronet
- Multiple sons of members of the clergy
- Multiple men who will have a brother killed in the Great War
- The grandson of a General
Today’s highlighted casualties include:
- Captain and Adjutant Vere de Houghton (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son of ‘Sir’ James de Houghton 11th
- Captain Hugh Charles Wollaston Boden (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Canon Charles John Boden.
- Lieutenant Laurence Clerke Brown (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed in action. His brother will be killed in August 1916.
- Lieutenant Arthur Anson (Grenadier Guards) dies of wounds as a prisoner of war at age 18. He is the son of the Honorable Frederick William Anson. Lieutenant Robert Williams Ryall (Gurkha Rifles) dies of wounds received in action at Mauquissart at age 23. He is the grandson of the late Major General Browne William Ryall commander 8th Bengal Cavalry.
- Lieutenant Francis Nicholas Andrews (1rish Rifles) dies of wounds at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend John Wilson Andrews Vicar of Trysull.
- Lieutenant Charles Melvill Buck (Indian Army Reserve of Officers attached Royal Flying Corps) is killed in action serving as an observer at age 22 while on a photo recon over Warneton. He and his pilot are the first casualties suffered by the 53rd Squadron and he is the only son of ‘Sir’ Edward J Buck.
- Sergeant Albet Victor Hinder (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed next January.