Saturday 1 July 1916 – We Lost 18,783

by greatwarliveslost

Capt Nevill's football

On the French front the fear is that Verdun cannot hold out against ever increasing German pressure.  In these desperate times the French ask for help and at 07:30 the opening British attack is launched astride the River Somme. For Britain it will be the most disastrous day in her Army’s history.

The largest British mine crater on the Western Front, Lochnagar Crater, La Boisselle is one of several mines exploded under the German front line positions on the Somme.  A charge of 60,000 pounds of Ammonal explosive is blown at 07:28 resulting in a crater 90 feet deep and 300 feet across.  Lochnagar Crater is named after the trench from where the main tunnel was started.  Units of the 34th Division attack this area and the nearby village of La Boisselle. This formation contains two entire brigades of ‘Pals’ battalions – the Tyneside Irish and the Tyneside Scottish. They suffer many casualties this day – five battalions losing over 500 men each. The entire division loses 6,380 today.

Cecil Lewis, an officer in the Royal Flying Corps, witnesses the explosion of the mine from his aircraft high above La Boisselle:

“The whole earth heaved and flared, a tremendous and magnificent column rose up into the sky. There was an ear-splitting roar, drowning all the guns, flinging the machine sideways in the repercussing air. The earth column rose higher and higher to almost 4,000 feet.” 

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple winners of the Victoria Cross
  • A Brigadier General
  • Multiple sons of General
  • The grandson of a Victoria Cross winner
  • Multiple families that will two, three and four sons in the Great War
  • Multiple examples of two and three sons killed together
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • The son of a man killed in the South Africa War
  • A man whose father was killed in the North West Frontier of India in 1899 and whose mother will be killed during Blitz in July 1944
  • Multiple brothers of future Members of Parliament
  • The son of a Member of Parliament
  • Multiples sons of Justices of the Peace
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Baronets, sons of Baronets and grandsons of Baronetss
  • Multiple Golf Champions
  • Multiple Cricket players
  • The 1914 Wisden Cricketer of the Year
  • A man whose will widow will lose her second husband in the Great War
  • Multiple Rugby and Association Football Internationals
  • Multiple Great War Poets
  • Multiple men whose sons will be killed in the Second World War
  • A member of JRR Tolkien’s Tea Club and Barrovian Society
  • A School Headmaster
  • An Olympic Gold Medal winner and other Olympians
  • Multiple hockey players

 Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Brigadier General Charles Bertie Prowse DSO, General Officer Commanding 11th Brigade, 4th Division dies of wounds at age 47. His brother was the Captain of HMS Queen Mary he was killed when his ship was sunk at Jutland.

As a diversion to the main attack the 46th Division is to capture Gommecourt Wood on the north side of Gommecourt village while the 56th Division is to take Gommecourt Park to the south. The 1st/5th Sherwood Foresters leave Pommier for Fonquevillers for their assembly trenches and after throwing smoke bombs at 07:25 the battalion moves forward in three waves.  A fourth wave is delayed due to a combination of the heavy smoke and withering enemy machine gun fire. To their right is the 6th North Staffordshire Regiment and on their left the 7th Sherwood Foresters.

  • Captain John Leslie Green (Royal Army Medical Corps) on reaching the German wire finds Captain Frank Bradbury Robinson (Sherwood Foresters), the machine gun officer for the 139th Brigade lying seriously wounded caught up in the enemy’s wire entanglements. He drags the Captain Robinson to a shell-hole where he dresses his wounds, notwithstanding the bombs and grenades being thrown at him the whole time. Captain Green then tries to bring the wounded officer to safety and has nearly succeeded when he himself is killed at age 27.  For his actions Captain Green will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.  His brother Second Lieutenant Edward Alan Green (South Staffordshire Regiment) was killed last October.  The 1st/5th are relieved at 18:10 their casualties being 491 out of a total over the top of 734. Captain Robinson will die of wounds in two days at age 23.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Dennis Daly Wilson MC (Indian Cavalry commanding 1st/5th Sherwood Foresters) is among the dead. His father died of wounds in the South Africa War in March 1902 at age 60 and his brother will be elected Conservative MP for Richmond Yorkshire in 1918.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Lawrence Arthur Hind (commanding 1st/7th Sherwood Foresters) is killed by a shot to the forehead.
  • Major Frederick William Wragg (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 34. He is the son of the late J D Wragg JP who will lose another son later this month.
  • Captain and Adjutant Roby Myddleton Gotch (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 26. He is the son of John Alfred Gotch JP.
  • Captain William Haldane Round is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend William Round Vicar of East Drayton.
  • Second Lieutenant James Charles Hyde (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend James Bartlet Hyde Vicar of Matlock Bath.
  • Sergeant Joseph Woodward Hurt MM (Sherwood Foresters) is killed in action at age 21. His brother William is killed during the Great War while serving in the King’s Royal Rifle Corps.
  • Corporal Tom Allcock (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 25. His brother will die of wounds next March.
  • Private William Herbert Pearson (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 31. His brother will be killed next month.
  • Private J J Hardwick (Sherwood Foresters) is killed in action at age 34. He is one of three brothers to be killed during the Great War.
  • Privates and brothers John (age 28) and Allan (age 18) are killed serving in different battalions of the Sherwood Foresters. Their brother will also be killed in the same regiment in nine days.
  • Private William Herbert Pearson (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 31. His brother will be killed next month.

The 109th Brigade 36th (Ulster) Division is assigned the task of capturing the Schwaben Redoubt to the north of the German fortress village of Thiepval.  The 14th Royal Irish Rifles are in the trenches in Thiepval Wood preparing to advance half an hour later.  While the barrage is at its height

  • Private William Frederick McFadzean is involved with the distribution of bombs and he picks up a box of grenades and cuts the cord around it. The next moment the box slips and two bombs fall out, shredding their pins as they do so. McFadzean throws himself down on the bottom of the trench smothering the blast and is instantly killed at age 20.  He is the son of William McFadzean JP for Belfast. He will be posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.
  • Temporary Captain Eric Norman Frankland Bell (9th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers attached 109th Brigade Trench Mortar Battery) creeps forward when our front line is being held up by enemy machine gun fire and shoots the machine gunner. Later, on no less than three occasions, when our bombing parties are unable to advance, he goes forward alone and throws trench mortar bombs among the enemy. When he has no more bombs available he stands on the parapet under intense fire and uses a rifle with great coolness.  Finally he is killed rallying and reoganising infantry parties which have lost their officers.  Captain Bell is killed at age 20 and will be posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

The 108th Brigade of the 36th (Ulster) Division is held up in its quest to capture the positions to the south-east of Beaumont Hamel and the village of Beaucourt.  The first wave of the 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers leave their trenches at 07:10 and twenty minutes later they attempt to attack but come under intense German machine gun fire.  The following waves are mown down as they try to reach the jump off ravine.  The 12th Irish Rifles are also met with murderous fire in their attempt to capture Beaucourt Station.

The objective of the 62nd Brigade 21st Division is the village of Fricourt.  When the 10th Yorkshire Regiment attempts to climb over the parapet to attack the enemy they are met by very fierce machine gun fire with temporarily stops their progress.

  • Major Stewart Walter Loudoun-Shand (10th Yorkshire Regiment) immediately leaps on the parapet, helps men over it and encourages them in every way until he is mortally wounded at age 36. After being wounded he insists on being propped up in the trench and continues to encourage the non-commissioned officers and men until he dies. He will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his actions on this day.  His younger brother will play Rugby Internationally for Scotland.
  • Lieutenant ‘Sir’ Edward Harry MacNaghten (Royal Irish Rifles) the 6th Baronet is killed in action at age 20. It is rumored that he is lying in ‘No Man’s Land’ and his batman Private Robert Quigg goes out seven times attempting to find him. Though he never finds Lieutenant MacNaghten he spends seven hours exposed and brings in seven other men, saving their lives. For his efforts he will be awarded the Victoria Cross. He is the son of the 5th Baronet and brother of the 7th

The Liverpool Pals battalions are in the front line as the British troops go ‘over the top’ into No Man’s Land.  In total almost 200 of the Liverpool Pals are killed today with over 300 wounded, missing or captured.  Among the dead is

  • Captain Arthur De Bels Adam MC killed at age 31. His brother will be killed in May 1918.
  • Captain Bertram St George French (Liverpool Regiment) is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Arthur Thomas French.
  • Private John Roland Pearson who is killed at age 35. His brother will be killed in January 1918.
  • Private Herbert Prescott (Liverpool Regiment) is killed in action at age 27. His brother will die of wounds later this month.
  • Private William Wood (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 28. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.

Major Ralph Edward Dawson Kent is in charge during one of the most curious episodes in the 7th Yorkshire Regiment’s Great War history. With the 7th battalion facing Fricourt when the Battle of the Somme opens the battalion are under orders to wait in their trenches for an attack later in the day. Devastating fire is being brought on the West Yorkshires from a machine gun post at Wing Corner and Major Kent against orders lead “A” company into an assault on this position. They meet intense fire and officers and men are “mown down” resulting in over one hundred casualties and a badly wounded Major Kent and two other officers lying in front of the wire being fired on. It was only after dark that they are able to be brought in. Lieutenant Colonel Kent will be killed in May 1918.

  • Captain Charles Owen Slacke (Royal Irish Rifles) is killed in action at age 44. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Owen Randal Slacke and the son-in-law of ‘Sir’ Daniel Dixon 1st His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Captain Cecil Frederick Kelso Ewart (Irish Rifles) is killed at age 28. He is the grandson of ‘Sir’ William Ewart 1st
  • Lieutenant Thomas Greenwood Haughton (Irish Rifles) is killed at age 25. He is the son of T G Haughton JP.
  • Lieutenant Lawford Burne Campbell (Irish Rifles) is killed at age 20. His brother a Member of Parliament will be killed in a air accident during the Second World War.
  • Second Lieutenant Maurice Leslie Adamson (Royal Scots Fusiliers attached Royal Irish Rifles) is killed in action at age 23. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Harvey Adamson.
  • Sergeant James Moore McCleery (Irish Rifles) is killed in action at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend John McCleery.
  • Brothers Sergeant Thomas James Cairns and Corporal Edward Cairns (Royal Irish Rifles) are killed together on the Somme.
  • Brothers Second Lieutenant James Hollywood (age 23) (Royal Irish Rifles) and Lieutenant Arthur Carson Hollywood age 23 (Royal Irish Fusiliers) are killed on the Somme in separate attacks. The telegrams announcing their deaths will arrive one day apart.
  • James, 23, John, 26, and Samuel Donaldson, 21, are killed while serving with B Company 13th (Service) Royal Irish Rifles.
  • James, 19, and John McGowan, 18, are killed serving with the 12th Royal Irish Rifles.
  • Rifleman John Killips (Irish Rifles) is killed at age 29. His brother will be killed next year.
  • Rifleman George Molyneux (Irish Rifles) is killed. He is the son of English International Football player George Molyneux and has a brother who will be killed in October.
  • Rifleman Francis Keenan (Irish Rifles) is killed. His brother was killed in March 1915.
  • Rifleman Robert Alexander (Royal Irish Rifles) is killed in action at age 19 two weeks prior to his older brother being killed.

Members of the Newfoundland Regiment killed include

  • Lieutenant Hubert Clinton Herder who is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed in December 1917. They will be memorialized on the Herder Memorial Trophy which is awarded annually to the Newfoundland and Labrador Senior Ice Hockey Champions.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Courtney Mellor is killed at age 28. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Crewe Mellor Rector of St Luke’s Annapolis Nova Scotia.
  • Second Lieutenant William Thomas Ryall is killed in action at age 28. His brother will be killed in October 1916.
  • Second Lieutenant Robert Bruce Reid is killed at age 21. He is the son of ‘Sir’ William and ‘Lady’ Reid.
  • Second Lieutenant J Roy Ferguson age 27 and his brother Sergeant Stewart Small Ferguson age 26 are killed together.
  • Sergeant Charles Reid is killed at age 30. His brother will die of wounds in two and a half weeks.
  • Lance Corporal Edward James Gardner is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed next April. Private George Lukins killed at age 23. His brother was killed 3 days earlier.
  • Private Robert Ronald Simms is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Private Harold Gordon Coish is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in September 1917.
  • Private James Atwill is killed. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Private John Joseph Carew is killed. His brother was killed in October 1915.
  • Brothers Captain Eric Stanley Ayre (Newfoundland Regiment) age 27 and Captain Bernard Pitts Ayre (Norfolk Regiment) age 24 are both killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Their cousin Second Lieutenant Wilfrid Douglas Ayre (Newfoundland Regiment) is also killed today at age 20 as is another cousin Second Lieutenant Gerald W Ayre (Newfoundland Regiment) who is also a cousin to Wilfrid.
  • Privates Stanley age 21 and George age 22 Abbott (Newfoundland Regiment) are killed together.
  • Captain Spencer Henry Jeudwine (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Venerable George Wynne Jeudwine Archdeacon of Lincoln.
  • Captain Willingham Franklin Gell Wiseman (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in October 1917 and they are sons of the late Reverend Henry John Wiseman.
  • Lieutenant Raymond Praed Eason (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. He is the son of J W Eason, JP.
  • Lieutenant Hugh Gilbert Francis Clifford (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Hugh Clifford GCMG, GBE, grandson of Major General ‘Sir” Henry Hugh Clifford VC and nephew of Brigadier General Henry Frederick Hugh Clifford commanding officer of the 149th Brigade who will be killed in September and had been previously wounded on the Western Front and returned to France in April of this year.
  • Second Lieutenant John Francis Cragg (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed at age 28. His brother was killed in September 1915 and they are sons of Captain William Alfred Cragg JP.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Maurice Nicholl Kennard MC (commanding 18th West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 32.
  • Major (Temporary Lieutenant Colonel) (South Lancashire Regiment commanding 10th West Yorkshire Regiment) Arthur Dickson is killed at age 41.
  • Major William Booth is killed in action at age 21. He is a professional cricket player, playing for Yorkshire and England. He was the 1914 Wisden Cricketer of the Year and played in the last County Championship Match between Yorkshire and Sussex before cricket was shut down for the remainder of the Great War.
  • Major James Leadbitter Knott DSO (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son of ‘Sir’ James Knott the 1st His brother was killed in September 1915 and his father made arrangements after the war for James to be exhumed and buried alongside his brother in the only such instance of this after the Great War.
  • Captain Percy Yarborough Harkness (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed in action. His widow will marry Major George Bernard Stratton (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) who will be killed in August 1917.
  • Lieutenant Humphrey Decius Allen is killed at age 28. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
  • Lieutenant John Webster Shann. His brother will be killed in November 1917.
  • Lieutenant Evelyn Henry Lintott (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He was an English International and Bradford City, Leeds City and Queen’s Park Rangers football player and is the first professional football player to gain a commission.  His brother will be killed in September.
  • Lieutenant Stanley Morris Bickersteth is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Samuel Bickersteth Chaplain to the King DD, Vicar of Leeds and later Canon of Canterbury and the grandson of ‘Sir’ Monier Monier-Williams.
  • Second Lieutenant Robert Huntriss Tolson is killed in action at age 21. His brother will be killed in October 1918.
  • Harold, 20, and John Lowes, 18, die serving with the West Yorkshire Regiment.
  • Second Lieutenant Francis Joseph Hicking (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 19 and his brother Lieutenant George Graham Hicking at age 20 (York & Lancaster Regiment) is also killed.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles Stuart Hyde is killed in action at age 27. His brother Eustace will also fall this year and they are sons of the Reverend Tom Dodsworth Hyde Vicar of Whitechapel.
  • Second Lieutenant Sydney Barron Newlands is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend R W Newlands.
  • Private Frank Waudby (West Yorkshire) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in September of this year.
  • Private Farrand Earnshaw (Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother was killed last month and their nephew was killed at Jutland.
  • Private Thomas Brunskill (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed. His son will lose his life on service in July 1942.
  • Private Bejamin Balme (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 21. He played for the Clayton Association Football Club.
  • Private Albert Briggs (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Lieutenant Alfred Victor Ratcliffe (West Yorkshire Regiment) a barrister and Great War Poet is killed in action at Fricourt. He knew Rupert Brooke at Cambridge and was a student of the Inner Temple. He published a book of poems prior to the war.

OPTIMISM
At last there’ll dawn the last of the long year,
Of the long year that seemed to dream no end;
Whose every dawn but turned the world more drear,
And slew some hope, or led away some friend.
Or be you dark, or buffeting, or blind,
We care not, day, but leave not death behind.

The hours that feed on war go heavy-hearted:
Death is no fare wherewith to make hearts fain;
Oh, we are sick to find that they who started
with glamour in their eyes come not again.
O day, be long and heavy if you will,
but in our hopes set not a bitter heel.

For tiny hopes, like tiny flowers of spring,
will come, tho death and ruin hold the land;
Though storms may roar they may may not break the wing
of the earthed lark whose song is ever bland.
Fell year unpityful slow days of scorn,
Your kind shall die, and sweeter days be born.

  • Lance Corporal John Severn (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. His brother will be killed in July 1917.
  • Captain Bruce Swinton Smith-Masters MC (Essex Regiment) is killed in action at age 24. His younger brother has been previously killed in the Great War and they are sons of the Reverend John Ernest Smith-Masters Vicar of South Banbury.
  • Second Lieutenant Gilbert Waterhouse (Essex Regiment) is killed in action at age 33. He is an architect and Great War Poet of Railhead and other Poems.
  • Corporal Alfred Richard Dilliway (Essex Regiment) is killed at age 20. His brother will be killed in Palestine in October 1918.
  • Private Thomas Hills (Essex Regiment) is killed in action. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Colonel Percy Wilfrid Machell CMG DSO (Border Regiment) is killed in action at age 54. He is the son of Canon Machell nephew of the 8th Lord Middleton and husband of Lady Valda Gleinchen, the daughter of Prince Victor of Hohenlohe Langenbur.
  • Lieutenant Harry Lewin Cholmeley (Border Regiment) is killed in action at age 23. His older brother has been killed on the Western Front in April of this year.
  • Second Lieutenant David H H Logan (Border Regiment) is killed in action at age19. He is the only son of Brigadier General Logan.
  • Private Richard Thomas Goate (Border Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed in October 1915 and his nephew was killed at age 14 in the first Zeppelin raid on King’s Lynn in January 1915.
  • Private Thomas Robley (Border Regiment) is killed in action. His brother will be killed in November 1918.
  • Captain Isaac Alexander Mack (Suffolk Regiment commanding 101st Trench Mortar Battery) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in April 1917. L
  • Lieutenant Robert Quilter Gilson (Suffolk Regiment) is killed at age 22. He is a member of Tolkien’s Tea Club and Barrovian Society, a gifted artist and son of the headmaster of King Edward’s School Birmingham.
  • Private Walter Murfet (Suffolk Regiment) is killed at age 22. His twin brother will be killed in October of this year while a third brother will be killed one year after that.
  • Private Reginald Charles Impey (Suffolk Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in May 1918.
  • Private Sidney Gage (Suffolk Regiment) dies of wounds at age 33. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Private Frank Skinner (Suffolk Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. His two brothers will be killed later in the war, Edward in August of this year and Harry in April 1918.
  • Private Christopher William Frost (Suffolk Regiment) is killed at age 27. He is the third brother to lose his life in the Great War.
  • Private Ernest Edwin Pridham (Suffolk Regiment) is killed in action at age 18. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Two Worland brothers are killed serving in the Suffolk Regiment. The elder, Private Herbert Worland is killed at age 25 while the younger Private Harry is killed at age 17.  Their brother was killed in December 1915.
  • Private Clement William Pettingale (Suffolk Regiment) is killed at age 18. His brother will be killed in August 1918.
  • Private Robert Wilson (Suffolk Regiment) is killed in action at age 32. His brother will die on service in November 1918. Thirty year old privates and brothers Arthur and Harry Hancock are killed together after joining
  • Second Lieutenant Alick George Horsnell (Suffolk Regiment) is killed in action at age 34. He is an architect, draughtsman and artist. While working in Chelmsford he won a travelling studentship from the Architectural Association. He visited France and Italy and the sketches from these visits are well regarded. Many of them were displayed at the RIBA in the summer of 1915 and published in the Building News and Engineering Journal in 1915 and 1916. He won both the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Tite Prize in 1906 (for Italianate Designs) and the Soane Medallion in 1910. The Soane medallion was awarded by the RIBA for his 1910 design of a Shakespeare Memorial Theatre. One of his last great perspectives was the pencil and watercolour of County Hall, London. This perspective bought to life the designs of Ralph Knott who had won the competition for the new headquarters of the London County Council. His artistic skills were also seen in collections of etchings, engravings and watercolours. A member of the Royal Society of Painter Etchers, two of his etchings, Rue de Barres, Paris and The Green, Bosham were exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1910 and one of his watercolours, The Borghese Gardens, was exhibited in 1911. At the outbreak of war he served with the London Regiment before being commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Suffolk Regiment. In 1922, collections of his work were given to a number of museums, including the Victoria and Albert Museum, the British Museum and the RIBA British Architectural Library Drawings and Archives Collection by his sister.
  • Captain John Bedell Rutledge (East Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend L W Rutledge.
  • Captain Cyril John Huntriss MC (East Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will die on service in October 1918.
  • Lieutenant John Pryor Puxon Peregrine (East Yorkshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend Canon David Wilkie Peregrine Rector of Branstone-by-Belvoir.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur Haddon Kippax (East Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. He was on the staff of The Daily Chronicle, London.
  • Captain Wilfred Percy Nevill (East Yorkshire Regiment attached East Surrey Regiment), “Bill” or “Billie” as he is also known was gazetted Second Lieutenant in the East Yorkshire Regiment in November 1914, and is eventually posted to the 8th East Surreys. Before the attack Nevill and his brother officers, realising the strain of a frontal attack on the German lines by his men, conceive a plan to dribble footballs across no-man’s land purely to relieve the strain on the men and take their minds away from what may happen to them. On the eve of the battle, two footballs are printed with the messages: ‘The Great European Cup-Tie Final. East Surreys V Bavarians. Kick off at zero’ and ‘No Referee’. Nevill himself kicks one of the footballs into ‘No Mans Land’ to begin the attack. He seems to have made it across No Mans Land but was shot through the head as he reached the German wire. Seven of the East Surreys’ officers are killed in the attack including Nevill’s Company second in command Lieutenant Robert.Eley Soames who kicked off the other football.  There bodies are recovered from the battlefield and are buried together in the cemetery on the afternoon of 3rd Only Nevill has his own headstone – which bears the cap badge of his commissioned unit – The East Yorkshire Regiment and not the East Surreys, because he was still officially only attached to the Battalion.
  • Second Lieutenant Tudor Eglwysbach Evans (East Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend John Evans.
  • Lance Sergeant Thomas William Gowers (East Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in December 1914.
  • Private William John Fiske (East Surrey Regiment) is killed in action at age 25. His brother has been killed the previous December.
  • Private Frederick Carter (East Surrey Regiment) is killed in action at age 24. His brother will die of wounds in June 1918.
  • Brothers John and William Abrey are killed in the East Surrey Regiment.
  • Lieutenant Wilfred Herbert Everard Nield (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Right Honorable ‘Sir’ Herbert Nield MP.
  • Second Lieutenant John Huskisson Parr-Dudley (Royal Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 20. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Lance Corporal Archibald John Purchase (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in February 1917.
  • Private George Halverson (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 18. His brother will be killed in September 1918.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Harold Lewis (Baluch Horse Lancers, Indian Army, commanding 20th Manchester Regiment) is killed in action at age 35.
  • Captain Norman Vaudrey (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 33. His twin brother was killed in May of this year and they are sons of ‘Sir’ William and Lady Vaudrey.
  • Second Lieutenant Percival John Ram (Manchester Regiment) is killed at 19. He is the son of the Reverend Canon Stephen Adye Scott Ram Vicar of St Mary’s Hull.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Hampton Cowin (Manchester Regiment) is killed in action at age 31. His brother will be accidentally killed August 1918.
  • Lieutenant Gerald Maitland Sproat (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 22 ten days before his brother will also be killed.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Gordon Ross (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 46. His son will be killed serving in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve in May 1942.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Henry Clesham (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 34. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Clesham Rector of Aasleagh.
  • Private Horace Platt (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in March 1918 in Salonika.
  • Private Percy Jackson Wade (Manchester Regiment) is killed at Albert. He is the son of Thomas Wade JP.
  • Private Edward Gladstone Fawkes (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of gassing and pneumonia in May 1918.
  • Private John Bull (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 29. His brother will be killed in four weeks.
  • Private Thomas Bryan MM (Manchester Regiment) is killed. His son with the same name will be killed at Dunkirk in June 1940.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edgar Arthur Innes CMG (commanding 1st/8th Warwickshire Regiment) is killed in action.
  • Captain Stratford Walter Ludlow (Royal Warwickshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. He is the son of Brigadier General W R Ludlow CB.
  • Second Lieutenant Reginald Price (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 37. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Price Vicar of Claverdon.
  • Second Lieutenant Frederick Bertram Key (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 27. He has been a member of the Lichfield Cricket Club for ten years.
  • Second Lieutenant Frederick William Wareham (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed in three weeks serving in the Worcestershire Regiment.
  • Corporal Harold Wakeling Apthorpe (Royal Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the Headmaster at Cople School Bedford.
  • Brothers and Second Lieutenants Charles Vince Balkwill and John Balkwill are killed serving in different regiment. John dies serving in the Warwickshire Regiment at age 33 while his younger brother is killed at age 30 serving in the London Regiment. They are both members of the Catford Bridge Football Club.
  • Another set of brothers killed in different regiments is Louis and Harry Vickers. Louis is a Private in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment and 20 while Harry is a Private in the Lancashire Fusiliers.
  • Private Edwin Bowater James (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Lionel Field (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. The poems in the book Poems and Drawings by Field were written between 1912 and 1916 when he was aged between 18 and 22.
  • Captain John Robert Walpole (Royal West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 34. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Charles and ‘Lady’ Walpole.
  • Lance Corporal Harry Greenfield MM (West Surrey Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. He is the first of three brothers who will lose their lives within a two-week period.
  • Private David Maynard (West Surrey Regiment) is killed. His brother will die of wounds in November 1916.
  • Private Henry Charles Moyles (West Surrey Regiment) is killed. His son will lose his life in the Second World War.
  • Captain George Newdegate Alison (Seaforth Highlanders attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of the late ‘Sir’ Archibald Alison the 3rd Baronet, grandson of General ‘Sir’ Archibald Alison and served as the Aide de Campe to the Governor of Hong Kong from November 1913 to October 1914.
  • Captain Charles Edward Baird (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed in action at age 21. He is the son of Brigadier General E W D Baird.
  • Second Lieutenant Frederic Attenborrow Conner (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed at age 21. He is a prominent member of the Aberdeenshire Cricket Club.
  • Lance Corporal Ben Sutherland (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed in action at Albert on the Somme. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Lance Corporal John Moncrieff (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed at age 28. His brother will be killed in August l918.
  • Private Angus Ryan (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed at age 26 becoming the middle of three brothers who will be killed in the war.
  • Second Lieutenant Andrew Weatherhead (Lancaster Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed in May 1915 and they are sons of Canon Weatherhead Vicar of Seacombe.
  • Second Lieutenant Hugh Peter Egerton Mesnard Melly (Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Honorable Colonel Hugh Mesnard Melly.
  • Corporal Sydney Ernest Day (Royal Army Medical Corps attached King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 27. His brother will be killed 11 days later.
  • Private Richard Green (King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment) dies of wounds at age 20. His brother will be killed in May 1918.
  • Lieutenant Colonel John Audley Thicknesse (commanding 1st Somerset Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 46. He is the son of the Right Reverend Dr. Francis Henry Thicknesse DD late Bishop of Leicester. He served in the North West Frontier of India and the South Africa War.  His son will be killed as a Brigadier in October 1944 at age 44.
  • Second Lieutenant Ralph Ellis Dunn (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the late Reverend Henry Ellis Dunn Vicar of Upton.
  • Second Lieutenant James Vincent Young (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend Vincent Young of Charleton Rectory.
  • Second Lieutenant George Patrick Conroy Fair (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 20. He was the heavyweight boxing champion of Uppingham in 1914. His brother was killed in September 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant John Alexander Hellard (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed at age 34. He played cricket for Somerset from 1907-10.
  • Private James Edward Quarterman (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed. He is the first of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Private Frederick William Witherow (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed at age 24. His brother will die on service two days after the Armistice is signed in November 1918.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Colmer William Donald Lynch DSO (commanding 9th King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 35. He is a member of MCC and the son of the late Major General William Wiltshire Lynch.
  • Lieutenant Henry Adam Telfer (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry attached Trench Mortar Battery) is killed. His brother will be killed in November 1918.
  • Lieutenant Edward Maurice Baldwin Cambie (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend Solomon Richard Cambie Rector of Otley.
  • Lieutenant Reginald William Kennedy Oakley (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 23. He is a journalist on the Editorial staff of the Surrey Advertiser.
  • Lieutenant William Ismay Spooner Hartley (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend William Robert Hartley Rector of Barnburgh.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Stewart Jackson (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Sydney Jackson who will lose another son in February 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant George Herbert Featherstone (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed. He is the son of the Vicar of St Luke Thornaby.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Gerald Walker (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed in November serving as a Surgeon in the Royal Naval Division.
  • Lance Corporal John William Davison (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 23. His brother was killed in the first month of the war.
  • Private Edward Seager (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 31. The week news of his death is received by his wife two of their children will die.
  • Private Robert Pickup (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 26. His two brothers will be killed by the end of next year.
  • Captain Duncan Lenox Martin (Devonshire Regiment) an artist while at home before the battle built a plasticine model of the battlefield. He became convinced from this model that if and when his company advanced over a small rise by some trees called Mansel Copse, they wold come under fire from German machine guns built into the base of a wayside shrine in Mametz. They in fact were and lose many men including Martin.
  • Captain Alban Preedy (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Canon Arthur Preedy Vicar of Saltash.
  • Private A F Weston his servant is killed while rendering aid to his fallen officer.
  • Lieutenant Cedric Donald Upstone (Devonshire Regiment) dies in Bombay at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Philip Upstone Vicar of Coaley.
  • Second Lieutenant Harold Leslie Rayner (Devonshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. His brother a Royal Naval Surgeon will be killed when HMS Vanguard explodes in 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Edward Arthur Jago (Devonshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. His brother will be killed in action in April 1918.
  • Lance Corporal John Cornish is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed next July serving in the Military Police.
  • Privates Sidney Archibald, 22, and Thomas Copp, 32, are killed serving in the Devonshire Regiment.
  • Private Reginand Percy Grigg (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in March 1915.
  • Private Henry Thomas Hamlyn (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His two brothers will be killed over the next two years.
  • Private Richard Condick is also killed. He is the middle of three brothers who will be killed in the war. Private Robert P Willing is killed. His brother was killed last September.
  • Private William John Pugsley is killed at age 17. His brother was killed in April 1915.
  • Private Ernest Edworth (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 28. His brother will be killed in December 1917.
  • Private William Western (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. His son will be killed at Anzio in February 1944.
  • Lieutenant William Noel Hodgson MC (Devonshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 23. He is the son of the Right Reverend Henry Bernard Hodgson DD 1st Bishop of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich. He is one of the Great War Poets and author who published under the pen name Edward Melbourne. Among his writings are the “Verse and Prose in Peace and War”. His poems include Before Action, England to Her Sons, Reverie, Back to Rest and Durham Cathedral. His is the bombing officer for his battalion and is killed by a machine gun positioned at a shrine while taking grenades to the men in newly captured trenches. The bullet goes through his neck killing him instantly.
Before Action

 

By all the glories of the day
And the cool evening’s benison
By that last sunset touch that lay
Upon the hills when day was done,
By beauty lavishly outpoured
And blessings carelessly received,
By all the days that I have lived
Make me a soldier, Lord.
By all of all man’s hopes and fears
And all the wonders poets sing,
The laughter of unclouded years,
And every sad and lovely thing;
By the romantic ages stored
With high endeavour that was his,
By all his mad catastrophes
Make me a man, O Lord.
I, that on my familiar hill
Saw with uncomprehending eyes
A hundred of thy sunsets spill
Their fresh and sanguine sacrifice,
Ere the sun swings his noonday sword
Must say good-bye to all of this; –
By all delights that I shall miss,
Help me to die, O Lord.

In spite of their achieving the deepest penetration of the enemy line this morning the 15th and 16th Royal Scots suffer more than 1,000 casualties – about ¾ of their attacking strength.  “C” Company defies the odds to break through the German lines and reaches the small hamlet of Contalmaison, deep inside the enemy trenches. They hold the line only briefly before they are forced out by the Germans. The Royal Scots withdraw to a captured German strong-point known as Scots Redoubt which they will hold for three days.

  • Major John Russel Bruce is killed. He is the son of James Bruce Writer to the Signet.
  • Second Lieutenant John Braes Dougal (Royal Scots) is killed. He is the son of W Dougal JP.
  • Second Lieutenant John Young Baxendine (Border Regiment attached Royal Scots) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of pneumonia in December 1918. Three members of the Hearts of Midlothian Football Club are killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme while serving in the 16th Royal Scots.
  • Private Henry Wattie was born in Edinburgh on 2nd June 1893, the youngest of five brothers. He played inside forward. Sergeant Duncan Currie is wounded in the shoulder while leading his platoon and will die later in the day at age 23. He was born into a football family, his father being a goalkeeper and his brother also played for the Hearts Club. Currie played fullback. He played for the Kilwinning Rangers before moving to the Hearts Club and played in the Hearts 2-1 victory over Denmark in June 1914. The final Hearts football player killed on this day was Private Ernest Edgar Ellis.  He is hit by machine-gun fire in front of the German barbed wire.  He was born in Sprowston, Norwich on the 30th November 1885. He had a daughter born after he left for the front that he never saw.
  • Private James Scott (Royal Scots) is killed when he is shot in the stomach and then in the neck at age 21. He was a star player for the Raith Rovers Football Club.
  • Private Alexander and Lance Corporal John Laing (both age 23) died while serving with the 16th Royal Scots. John was killed trying to bring his Lewis gun to bear as the survivors of C Company struggled towards the battalion’s objective of the day, the ruined hamlet of Contalmaison. His brother, a police constable dies beside him.
  • Privates and cousins Albert Ernest Allen and John Turner Allen are killed together at age 21.
  • Captain Peter Ross killed at age 39. He is a schoolmaster and author.  His widow Alice became a well-known Edinburgh councilor in the 1940s, 50s and 60s.
  • Sergeant Donald Fraser (Royal Scots) is killed at age 25. He is the second of four brothers who are killed in the war including his twin who will be killed next April.
  • Brothers Lance Corporal W M and Private Robert Archibald (Royal Scots) are killed in action. Robert is the son in law of well-known Scottish artist Hugh Cameron and is killed at age 36.
  • Private Thomas Nield (Royal Scots) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Private Hugh Walter Melven (Royal Scots) is killed at age 28. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Captain Arnold Banatyne Tough (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. His brother, a Captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps will be killed in action in October 1916.
  • Sergeant I Edge (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will die of wounds in February 1917.
  • Lance Corporal William Allen (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed. His brother will die of wounds in three weeks.
  • Private Herbert Charles Rawcliffe (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed in action. His brother will be killed in October 1916.
  • A set of brothers who joined together are killed while serving in the East Lancashire Regiment. Private Thomas Mulhall age 21 and his 23 year old brother Private Albert are two more brothers killed on this day.
  • Private Joseph Ward (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will die on service in June 1919.
  • Brothers Lieutenant Holt Montgomery Hewitt (Machine Gun Corps) and Second Lieutenant William Arthur Hewitt (Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) are killed in separate actions just over one year after their older brother has been killed on the Western Front. Holt dies at age 29 and he played half back for the North of Ireland Rugby Football Club, while William is only 23 and he also played for the North of Ireland Club which was captained by their elder brother.
  • Captain Stanley Gemmell Millar (North Lancashire Regiment attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 29. He is the son of John Millar MP and was a member of the Scottish International Hockey Team.
  • Captain Francis George Ross Mockler MC (Royal Irish Regiment attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of Major General Edward Mockler.
  • Lieutenant James Dermot Neill (Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 29. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Lieutenant Gilbert Colclough Wedgwood (Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 22. He is the son of the late Reverend George Ryles Wedgwood.
  • Second Lieutenant Jocelyn Murray Victor Buxton (Rifle Brigade attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the late ‘Sir’ T F Buxton, 4th Baronet and had gained a history exhibition at Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • Second Lieutenant William Orr Hampton (Norfolk Regiment attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 28. He is the son of the Reverend W H Hampton.
  • Lieutenant Colonel B L Maddison (commanding 8th Yorkshire Regiment attached York and Lancs Regiment) is killed.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Joseph Berkeley Addison (commanding 9th York & Lancaster Regiment) is killed in action at age 49. He is the son of General Thomas Addison CB.
  • Captain Hugh Dart (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed at age 34 He is the son of Richard Dart MP.
  • Captain Denzil Clive Tate Twentyman (York and Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is the son of Alderman J R Twentyman JP.
  • Lieutenant Stephen Oswald Sharp (York & Lancs) is killed at age 26. He is a member of the Rotherham Town Cricket Club.
  • Brothers and Second Lieutenants James and Leslie Montrose Ekin MC (York & Lancs Regiment) are killed in action on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. James dies at age 19, while Leslie dies at age 22.
  • Sergeant M C P Headeach MM (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed at age 42. He was a Scout Master at Harrow for five year.
  • Sergeant Henry Cyril Crozier MM (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed. He played football for Sheffield United. Corporal Leonard Coverdale is killed at age 25. His brother was killed last March.
  • Three brothers serving in the Yorks and Lancs Regiment are killed in the attack near Serre.
  • Lance Corporal Ernest Walker the middle brother is killed at age 33, while Charles is killed at age 31 and Fred at age 35.
  • Brothers Lance Corporal Frank 25, and Private William Walter Gunstone 24, (York and Lancs Regiment) are killed in action.
  • Private Peter McBride (York & Lancs Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. He is the son of the Honorable ‘Sir’ Peter McBride Kt.
  • Privates Julius Adrian & Richard Henry Verner (#537 & #538 York & Lancaster Regiment) are killed in action. The brothers enlisted together and die together at age 30 and 28 respectively. Their brother-in-law was killed in June 1915.
  • Private Nelson Waterfall (York & Lancs Regiment) becomes the first of four brothers to be killed in the Great War when he is killed in action at age 19.
  • Private Wilfred Hopkinson (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Private Thomas Edward Gambles (York and Lancs Regiment) dies of wounds at age 25 received 28 June bringing in a wounded comrade from a raid. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Private John C Friend Sabben is killed. He is the son of the Reverend William Vicar of Wombridge.
  • Private Arthur Frederick Clarke (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend Alfred Edward Clarke Vicar of South Leverton.
  • Private Clarence John Harriosn (York and Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 17. He is the son of Reverend Harrison.
  • Corporal Alexander Robertson (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed in action at age 34. He is the son of the late Headmaster, Edinburgh Ladies College, a lecturer in History at Sheffield University and the author of “Life of Sir Robert Moray”.  He is also one of the Great War Poets and author of a book of poems called “Comrades” also “Last Poems”.
  • Sergeant Jon William Streets (York and Lancaster Regiment) is killed in action at age 31 while attempting to rescue one of his men from ‘No Man’s Land’. He is known as “The Miner Poet” and had a sonnet published in The Times entitled “Gallipoli” in April 1915.  He also had two books published, one dealing with coal mining and the other of War Poems, “The Undying Splendour”.  He refused entry into grammar school in order to support his younger twin brothers.

THOU SHALT LOVE THINE ENEMIES
(On seeing the letters, cards, soldier’s book and
prayer-book found on a dead German soldier)

They were not meant for our too curious eyes
or our imginations to sumise
From what they tell much they leave untold.
strangers and foemen we, yet we behold,
sad and subdued, thy solice and thy cheer.
Even here we see thee as thou didst appear, –
Tall, with fair hair, blue eyes. Heinrich the name
the Lord’s annointed gave thee; Rome did claim
The homage of thine spirit: thou wert young, –
All this we know who read thy mother-tongue,
As that a farm thuringian was thine,
thou dead defender of imperial Rhine.
Thou hadst a wife and children: on this card
They are depicted: on another, marred
and soiled and crushed, thy mother too, we see.
And hear our cards with rustic eulogy
Of scenes that thou didst know, old woods of pine
Through which doth pass a sunlit railway line.
These letters of thine wife, oh warrior slain,
No anguish tell they give no hint of pain,
Cheerful her words, although the heart did weep
In solitude, thy babes and hers asleep,
The while on winter nights the wind would roar
And send its chills along the flag-stone floor.
This was thy book of prayer, and underlined
The words that soliced most thine anxious mind;
-Prayers for thine home and for thy comrades dead,
Such as for thee by her thou loved’st are said.
For thou art gone and never more shalt sway
The flaming scythe in some broad field of hay
Or guide the plough or golden harvests reap.
Of thee alas, thy children cannot keep
A single memory. But one doth pass
Oft to thy cenotaph and on the grass
In prayer doth kneel, still as memorial stone,
Too sad for tears, to proud by far to moan.

  • Major Francis Howard Lindsay (London Scottish) is killed at age 40. He is the son of W A Lindsay KC Clarenceux King of Arms and Lady Lindsay grandson of the 5th Earl of Aberdeen and his son Major John Stewart Lindsay-MacDougall (Argyll and Suthereland Highlanders) DSO will die of wounds as a prisoner of war in August 1943 in Italy at age 32. His brother was killed at Brakenlaagte South Africa in October 1901.
  • Captain John Robert Somers-Smith MC London Rifle Brigade Regiment) is killed in action. He is an Olympic Gold medal winner as a member of the 1908 four-oared without coxswain team. His teammate Duncan McKinnon is also killed during the war.
  • Captain Arthur Robert Moore MC (London Regiment) is killed at age 32. He is the son of ‘Sir’ John Moore, Physician to His Majesty the King in Ireland.
  • Lieutenant John Cecil Brown Constable (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend Albert Edward Constable.
  • Lieutenant David William Llewelyn Jones (London Regiment) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Canon David Jones.
  • Lieutenant Richard Edward Knynaston Bradshaw (London Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in October 1916.
  • Lieutenant John Cecil Constable Brown (London Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend Albert Edward Brown.
  • Second Lieutenant Raymond Alexander Calder-Smith (London Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother will die on service in October 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant Archibald Warner (London Regiment) is killed at age 32. He is the middle of three brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Second Lieutenant Edward Henry Bovill (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 29. His brother had been killed in January.
  • Sergeant Leslie Harold Jolley (London Regiment) is killed in action. He is the first of three brothers who will be killed in the Great War.
  • Corporal William Cecil B Writer (London Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in two weeks.
  • Rifleman Paul Kinnell (London Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of heart failure due to wounds in December 1919.
  • Private Alexander Sutherland (London Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Private Walter Leonard Gissing (London Regiment) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Victorian novelist George Gissing.
  • Rifleman Nicholas Herbert Todd (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 38. He is the son of the late Reverend H L Todd and a Great War poet.
  • Rifleman David Stanley Beer (London Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in September 1917.
  • Riflemen Henry Edward, 25, and Philip James Bassett, 20, are killed with the London Regiment near Gommecourt.
  • Private Archibald Wilson (London Scottish) is killed. He played football for Tottenham Hotspur, United and Middlesborough.
  • Rifleman John Edward Cyril Bodenham (London Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is the youngest of 16 children of James and Mary Anne (Floris) Bodenham and a Rosslyn Park Rugby Footballer. He worked in the family Floris Perfume (founded in 1730) business.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Charles Edward Boote (commanding 5th North Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 41.
  • Captain Charles Roy Limbery MC (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. His brother will be killed in September 1917.
  • Lieutenant P Neill Fraser (North Staffordshire Regiment) is killed in action. His sister a golfer of some renown will die of typhus serving as a nurse in 1919.
  • Second Lieutenant Alfred Edward Flaxman (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 36. He is a track and field athlete who competed in the 1908 Olympics. He is also a talented violinist and artist.
  • Lance Corporal William Norman Groves (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. His brother will be killed in October 1918.
  • Private David Elwell (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. His father was killed serving in the same Regiment in August 1915.
  • Private Albert Blews (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
  • Private Charles Percival Hawkswood (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed in October 1914.
  • Captain William Tullis (Scots Fusiliers) is killed at age 32. His older brother was killed in November 1914.
  • Second Lieutenant Guy Crawford-Wood (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 21. He is the son of James Crawford-Wood JP.
  • Sergeant Joseph Ginger (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 30. He is a former player for the Aylesbury United Football Club.
  • Private George Legate (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in September 1917.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Harry Allardice (Jacob’s Horse commanding 13th Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 29. His brother was killed in April 1915.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Percy Archibald Elphinstone (commanding 22nd Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 53.
  • Captain Dudley Ogilive Laing (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed near la Boissell at age 26. His brother will be killed in June 1917.
  • Lieutenant Gerald Fitzgerald (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of the Alderman ‘Sir’ John Fitzgerald DL.
  • Second Lieutenant William Worthington Sanby (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in August 1915.
  • Private William Reay (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 18. His brother will die on service in November 1918.  Frederick, 20, and William Lascelles, 22, are killed while serving with the Northumberland Fusiliers and the Field Company Royal Engineers respectively.
  • Private John Robert Bean (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed in action. Hi son will be killed in March 1918.
  • Corporal Dan Dunglinson and Private Thomas Goodwill (Northumberland Fusiliers) are both killed, Dunglinson at age 26 while Goodwill is only 22. They are both Newcastle United Footballers and Dunglinson’s brother will be killed in August 1918.
  • Lieutenant Bernard Charles De White (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 29. He wrote the poem

PARODY

Let us see if William can
Make war like a gentleman,
Let us see if he can fight
Like a true and noble night;
See him with deceitful eyes
Pay blood-money to his spies;
Only to his own disgrace.
William, then, to save his face,
Catches at the Press; but, Lor !
He has played that game before
On unheeding ears they fall,
Mock-heroics, lies, and all;
Europe treats him scant o’ grace
And send him to – his proper place !

  • Lieutenant Colonel the Honorable Lawrence Charles Walter Palk DSO (Hampshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 45. He is the son the 2nd Baron Haldon.
  • Second Lieutenant L A Westmore (Hampshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. He has been an Exhibitioner of Wadham College.
  • Private Albert Charles Marshall (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in August 1917.
  • Captain Octavius Ralph Featherstone Johnston (Middlesex Regiment) is killed. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Charles John Johnston Kt Speaker of the New Zealand Legislative Council and the brother of Brigadier General Francis Earl Johnston who will be killed in August 1917.
  • Captain George Henry Heslop (Middlesex Regiment) is killed at age 21. He is the son of George Henry Heslop Headmaster of Sevenoaks School.
  • Second Lieutenant Eric Rupert Heaton (Middlesex Regiment) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Daniel Heaton. His brother will be killed commanding the 3rd New Zealand (Rifle) Brigade in August 1917.
  • Sergeant George Jerrard Wilkinson (Middlesex Regiment) is killed at age 29. He is a musician and composer who received two music scholarships to Caius College Cambridge and was a member of Cecil Sharp’s morris-dance demonstration team along with Reginald Tiddy, George Butterworth and George Lucas who are all killed this year and Vaughn Williams the composer. He is the son of the Reverend Willoughby Balfour Wilkinson Vicar of St Luke’s Birmingham.
  • Private Samuel Lyon (Middlesex Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is a Hull City Footballer who scored 1 goal in the six games he played for them.
  • Private William Henry Larking (Middlesex Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed next month.
  • Captain Rowland Fraser (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 26. He is a Scottish Rugby International and the former Captain of the Cambridge Rugby XV in 1910 and 1911.
  • Lieutenant Arundel Geoffrey Clarke (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend Arthur Edward Clarke.
  • Second Lieutenant Evan Edward Trevor-Jones (Rifle Brigade) is killed in action at age 20. His younger brother will be killed as a Captain in the same Regiment in April 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant Niel Fagan (Rifle Brigade) dies of wounds at age 20. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Patrick James Fagan and the grandson of Major General William Turton Fagan.
  • Lance Corporal Leonard William Benkin (Rifle Brigade) is killed in action at age 21. His brother will be killed in October of this year.
  • Lieutenant Aubrey Greville Newton Dickenson (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) dies of woundat age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Lenthall Greville Dickenson Vicar of Downton.
  • Lieutenant Charles Scroop Egerton-Green (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed in action at age 20. His brother Captain John William Egerton-Green (Rifle Brigade) will be killed in October 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Owen Edwardes (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed in action at age 22. He is the son of Lieutenant Colonel the Honorable Cuthbert Edwardes and the grandson of the 3rd Baron Kensington.
  • Rifleman William Mariner VC (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 34. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in 22nd May 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant William Christie Hickman (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action at age 28. He is the grandson of the 1st
  • Second Lieutenant Rupert Oswald Sternberg (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action at age 23. His brother will be killed next October.
  • Captain Hugh Travers Rowley (Royal Berkshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Herbert Seddon Rowley.
  • Second Lieutenant Francis Gordon Shirreff (Berkshire Regiment) is killed at age 34. He is the son of the Reverend F A Shirreff Vicar of Sparholt-Cum-Kingston-Lisle, Berkshire.
  • Second Lieutenant Noel Beaumont Souper (Berkshire Regiment) is killed at age 40. He is the son of the Reverend F A Souper.
  • Private Albert James McCullough (Berkshire Regiment) is killed at age 32. His brother was killed in October 1914.
  • Sergeant Albert C Ware (Dorsetshire Regiment) is killed in action. He is the third of three brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War including a Victoria Cross winner, Corporal Sidney William Ware dying of wounds last April.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert Campbell Pierce (commanding 1st Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed. He is the son-in-law of the Reverend William Henry Greer.
  • Major William Francis Henry Pelly (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at age 42. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Henry Pelly.
  • Captain Philip Cruickshank (Inniskilling Fusiliers) the editor of the Tyronne Constitution and a member of the Ulster Unionist Council is killed in action at age 34.
  • Lieutenant George Alfred Lionel Harbord (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Richard Harbord of Murragh Rectory.
  • Lieutenant William Magee Crozier (Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at Theipval at age 32. He player 1 first class cricket match for Dublin University.
  • Lieutenant George Alfred Lionel (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Richard Charles M Lionel.
  • Second Lieutenant John Stewart Moore Gage (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at age 23. He is the grandson of Major General Ezekiel Gage.
  • Private George Farr (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed. His brother was killed in the South Africa War.
  • Privates James and Martin Ford (Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) are killed together. James dies at age 21, while Martin is 22.
  • Another set of brothers are killed serving in the same Regiment. Privates James and John Cumberland lose their lives in the attacks of today.
  • Brothers, Dublin Boy Scouts and Private David (age 19) and Michael (age 22) Goodwin are killed together today.
  • Private Bernard Donaghy (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at age 33. He is an Irish Footballer.
  • Company Sergeant Major Joseph Sydney Fairbrass (South Wales Borderers) is killed in action at age 27. He is one of six brothers who serve in the Great War, three of which are killed.
  • Private Walter Francis Crabb (South Wales Borderers) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in January 1918.
  • Lance Corporal John Edward Seaman (Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Lance Corporal Charles Hills (Cambridgeshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 23. He has two brothers who will die of wounds later in the war.
  • Second Lieutenant Cecil Henry Coxe (Royal Flying Corps) and another airman take part in a contact patrol. They attack and shoot up a machine-gun position in Bernafay Wood from 700 feet as well as German troops nearby.  Lieutenant Coxe will die of wounds received in action at 12:30 at age.  His two brothers have already lost their lives in the Great War.
  • Sergeant James Yuill Turnbull VC (Highland Light Infantry) a Third Lanarc Footballer is killed at age 32. He will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his efforts on this day for most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty, when, having with his party captured a post apparently of great importance to the enemy, he is subjected to severe counter-attacks, which are continuous throughout the day. Although his party is wiped out and replaced several times during the day, Serjeant Turnbull never wavers in his determination to hold the post, the loss of which would have been very serious. Almost, single-handed, he maintains his position, and displays the highest degree of valour and skill in the performance of his duties. Later in the day he is killed while bombing a counter-attack from the parados of our trench
  • Second Lieutenant David Scott MacHardy (Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the late Reverend J E MacHardy.
  • Private William Douglas McGregor (Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 20. He is the only son of the Honorable D S McGregor Treasurer of Nigeria.
  • Private Neil McDonald (Highland Light Infantry) is killed at age 24. His brother was killed last September.
  • Captain George Vallance McKinlay Boyd (Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 36. He was the 1912 South of Ireland Championship Golf winner.
  • Lieutenant Percy George Symington (Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action alongside his cousin, Captain George Boyd. Another fine golfer, Lieutenant Symington won the cup given for the best scratch score in the South of Ireland Championship.
  • Lieutenant Alfred Middleton Blackwood Rose-Cleland (Dublin Fusiliers) is killed at age 21. He is a lineal descendant of a Scottish noble family of great antiquity, one of his ancestors being a cousin of William Wallace while another fought at Flodden Field in defence of James VI of Scotland. Private Peter Stanley Dun (Dublin Fusiliers) is killed. His brother will be killed in August 1916.
  • Corporal Frederick Thomas Croydon Payton (Royal Engineers) is killed at age 20. His brother will be killed in October 1918 and they are sons of the Reverend Joseph Wattson Payton Vicar of Calton.
  • Sapper William Merrin (Royal Engineers) is killed at age 34. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
  • Major Graham Bromhead Bosanquet MC (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 30. He is the son of Admiral ‘Sir’ Day Hurt Bosanquet.
  • Captain Francis Thomas Burrough (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 36. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Burrough.
  • Captain Edward Granville Matthey (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 23. His father died on service on the Northwest Frontier of India in 1899 and his mother will be killed during the blitz in July 1944.
  • Lieutenant Reginald William Garton (South Lancashire Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. His older brother was killed in April 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant Claude Robert Barton Noyes (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 27. His brother will die of wounds in September and they are sons of the Reverend Henry Edward Noyes Vicar of St Mary’s Kilburn.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur Norman Dussee (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 26. He is a member of the Bedford United Banks Cricket Club and the Bedford Thursday Hockey Club.
  • Second Lieutenant Clifford Skemp Haynes (Durham Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend W B and has a brother who will be killed in June 1917.
  • Privates and brothers George (age 23) and Robert Bailey (Norfolk Regiment) are killed together 18 days before their brother Ernest is killed in the same Regiment.
  • Privates Frederick George, 30, and Hubert Harold Hayesmore, 22, die while serving in the East Kent Regiment. Frederick dies of wounds while Hubert is killed in action. A third brother will be killed in November 1916.
  • Rifleman Charles Howells (Monmouthshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will be killed in November.
  • Private Albert Hill (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in September 1918.
  • Private Seth Goodwin (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed in November 1914.

At 06:15 Major Lionel Wilmot Brabazon Rees (Royal Flying Corps) while flying a de Havilland in the vicinity of the Double Crassiers sights what he believes to be a bombing party of our own machines returning home. He goes to escort them. As he gets nearer, about Annequin, he discovers that they are a party of enemy machines, numbering eight to ten. He is immediately attacked by one of the enemy. This machine he attacks and after a short fight it is observed to turn and fall behind the enemy line. Five more enemy machines then attack the de Havilland at long range but Major Rees closes with them, dispersing them in all directions. Major Rees seeing the leader and two others making off west gives chase and overhauls them rapidly, but just as he is coming to close quarters he is severely wounded in the thigh. The shock causes him to lose temporary control of his rudder but as soon as the numbness passes he regains control of the machine and immediately closes again with the enemy, firing at a range of about ten yards. After using up all his ammunition he tries his pistol but unfortunately he drops it. He then returns home, landing the machine safely on his aerodrome and is then taken to hospital.  For his action this day Rees will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

The Officer Commanding No. 22 AA Battery witnesses the fight and states that the net result of this fine performance was that a single de Havilland Scout appeared to have completely broken up a raid of 8-10 hostile aircraft, of these two were seen to retire damaged, one of which so seriously that he was observed to dive over his own lines with every indication of being no longer under control.

Four Royal Flying Corps machines bomb St. Quentin Station, all of which fail to return.  An ammunition train in the station is hit and a German brigade entraining at the time is scattered by the ensuing explosions.  Sixty of the two hundred cars of ammunition in the station catch fire according to German accounts of the raid. German casualties are one hundred eighty killed and wounded.