Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Category: Albert Medal

17 January 1919 We Lost 124

A fire breaks out at the brewery at Wizernes. In the engine room a Frenchman whose cries for help can be heard is entombed by a fall of masonry which blocks the entrance.  The upper part of the building is blazing fiercely and the only entrance to the engine room is by a small hole in a wall which carried the machinery belting.  Lieutentant (Acting Major William Revell Smith MC (Royal Field Artillery), Sergeant Alexander Gibson, Royal Engineers and Corporal James Smith, Military Mounted Police succeed in making their way through this hole into the room and work for three quarters of an hour before they expose the head and shoulders of the entombed man, who is found to be dead.  They risked their lives in attempting to save this man’s life as a further collapse of masonry which appeared imminent would have completely cut off their exit.  For their efforts all three men will be awarded the Albert Medal.

5 January 1919 We Lost 147

Lance Corporal William Whitehead (Manchester Regiment) is in command of a guard on the River Meuse.  One of the guards in crossing a plank gangway from a barge where the guardroom is situated to relieve a sentry on the river bank misses his footing and falls into the river which is in flood.  Lance Corporal Whitehead immediately jumps into the river but in the darkness misses the drowning man.  He swims to the shore, climbs out and runs down the bank until he reaches the spot where the man has been carried by the swift-running stream and again he jumps in and succeeds in rescuing the man.  For saving the man’s life Lance Corporal Whitehead will be awarded the Albert Medal.

Sunday 13 October 1918 We Lost 1,387

Claude Handley Trotter

Second Lieutenant Joseph William Gould (York and Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 31.  His brother was killed in September 1915. The following Privates of the York and Lancashire Regiment are killed on this day having also lost their brothers earlier in the Great War.

  • Thomas Daltry is killed at age 23. His seventeen-year old brother was killed last August.
  • R J Cranfield is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in October 1916.
  • Frederick Bennett is also killed at age 19. His brother was killed in July 1917.

Lieutenant Claude Handley Trotter (Alberta Dragoons attached Royal Air Force) is accidentally killed while flying at night in Essex at age 23.  He is the son of the Reverend Canon John Crawford Trotter.  He was previously recommended for the Albert Medal for attempting to save his pilot’s life in an earlier crash.

Flight Sergeant Albert Edgar Warne AM (Royal Air Force) dies on service at home. He was awarded the Albert Medal for attempting to save life of a pilot who crashed in January of this year.

Today’s losses include:

  • An Albert Medal winner
  • A man recommended for the Albert Medal
  • A General
  • A man whose son will be born after his death and then killed in November 1944
  • A woman whose brother was killed in September 1915

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Brigadier General Colin Lawrence MacNab CMG dies of illness contracted on service at home at age 47.
  • Second Lieutenant Harold Robert Robinson (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Alexander Robinson.
  • Second Lieutenant Reginald Gillon Christophers (Otago Regiment) is killed at age 36. He is the last of four brothers who will be killed in the Great War.
  • Sergeant Hugh G Matheson DCM MM (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed. His brother was killed in May 1917.
  • Private Robert Miller (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed. His brother died as a result of an accident at home in May 1916.
  • Private Edward John Poole (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 18. His older brother was killed at the third battle of Ypres in 1917.
  • Gunner Henry Davies (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 21. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the war.
  • Private William Alexander Fotheringham (Black Watch) is killed. His brother was killed in September 1916.
  • Private Edward Parker Wilkinson (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed in Mesopotamia at age 47. He is the son of the Reverend Robert Parker Wilkinson Rector of Longparish.
  • Private John Joseph Hobart (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed in action. His son and namesake who is born after his death will be killed in November 1944.
  • Member Edith Mary Tonkin (Volunteer Aid Detachment) dies on service at age 26. Her brother was killed in September 1915.

Tuesday 1 October 1918 We Lost 2,289

A fire breaks out at No. 36 Casualty Clearing Station at Rousbrugge, Belgium and quickly reaches the operating theater where a surgeon is performing an abdominal operation. The lights go out and the theater is quickly filled with smoke and flames but the operation is continued by the light of an electric torch Miss Alice Batt (Voluntary Aid Detachment), Sister Gertrude Walters Carlin, Staff Nurse Harriet Elizabeth Fraser both of the Territorial Force Nursing Service and Sister Gladys White (British Red Cross Society continue the work of handing instruments and threading needles with steadfast calmness thereby enabling the surgeon to complete the operation.  Afterwards all four do splendid work in helping to carry men from the burning wards to places of safety. During this time ether bottles and nitrous oxide cylinders are continually exploding filling the air with fumes and flying fragments of steel.  For their actions the four nurses will be awarded the Albert Medal.

Sergeant Frederick Charles Riggs VC MM (York and Lancaster Regiment) near Epinoy laving led his platoon through strong uncut wire under severe fire, continues straight on and although losing heavily from flanking fire, succeeds in reaching his objective where he captures a mchine gun. Later he handles two captured guns with great effect and causes 50 of the enemy to surrender. Subsequently when the enemy again advances in force Sergeant Riggs cheerfully encourages his men exhorting them do resist to the last and while doing so he is killed. For his actions he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Victoria Cross winner
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The grandson of a member of the clergy
  • The grandson of the 15th Viscount Hereford
  • A man whose nephew will be killed in 1945
  • A published author
  • The son of a Member of Parliament
  • The son of a former Member of Parliament
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • Multiple families that will lose two and three sons in the Great War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel John Henry Bridcutt DSO (commanding 2nd Royal Irish Rifles) is killed.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert Romney Gordon Kane DSO (commanding 1st Munster Fusiliers) is killed at age 29. He is the son of Judge R R Kane.
  • Major Geoffrey De Bohun Devereux MC (Auckland Regiment) is killed in action at age 28. He is the son of ‘the Honorable’ Henry De Bohun Devereux and grandson of the Reverend Robert Devereux 15th Viscount Hereford. His brother was killed in the South African War.
  • Major Roderick Ogle Bell-Irving DSO MC (Manitoba Regiment) is killed at age 27 during the Battle of Cuvillers, near Cambrai. His battalion is surrounded and unsupported after gaining its objective and is forced to retire. Major Bell-Irving is wounded and suffers a broken leg before being seen to be helped off the field by two Germans as a prisoner.  His body will later be found with a bullet wound to the head.  His nephew will be killed in action in March 1945.
  • Captain William Fowler Templeton (Scots Fusiliers) is killed at age 29. During the war he published a volume entitled Songs of the Ayreshire Regiment.
  • Lieutenant Allan Adam (Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at Marcoing at age 24. He is the younger son of the Reverend James Allan Adam.
  • Lieutenant Norman Bank (King’s Own Scottish Borderers attached Royal Air Force) is killed at age 22. He is the son of Arthur Septimus Bank JP.
  • Second Lieutenant Reginald Horace Mansfield (Royal Field Artillery) dies of wounds at age 26. His brother was killed last August and they are sons of the former Member of Parliament for Spalding Lincolnshire.
  • Second Lieutenant John Stephen King (Royal Air Force) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend William Richard Cambridge King Rector of Swainswick.  The original wooden cross which marked his grave in France is now in St Nicholas Church Cholderton  Lost the same day in the 13th squadron is Lieutenant Martin Joseph Sheehan second son of Captain Daniel Desmond Sheehan (known as D D) MP for Mid-Cork, Ireland killed at age 22. He was educated at Christian College, Cork and Mount St. Joseph’s College, Roscrea, Co. Tipperary. He won several prizes in school sports and played for Munster in the Rugby Inter-Provintial Senior College Championships, being described in the Dublin Press as ‘the most brilliant three-quarter back the College had produced for years’. He went to Canada in 1913, and was employed in the Union Bank of Canada at Bassano and Bellevue, Alberta. He joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force as a private in 1915 and won the all-round Athletic Championship of his Division in Nova Scotia. He came overseas with his battalion in 1916, and transferred as a cadet to the Royal Munster Fusiliers, and later obtained his commission. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps as an observer and saw considerable service in France and Italy with the 13th Squadron. His brother Daniel Joseph Sheehan was killed serving with the Royal Flying Corps on 10th May 1917. Second Lieutenant Robert Ellerton Thompson (Royal Air Force) is killed at age 18.  He is the son of the Reverend H V Thompson.
  • Second Lieutenant Robert Murphy (Irish Rifles) is killed at age 22. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Sergeant John Dick (Manitoba Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is one of three brothers, all of whom fell including one who died of wounds in April 1917.
  • Lance Corporal Clifford Kitchen (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 31. His brother died of wounds on Malta in September 1915.
  • Private George Chase Ricketts (Manitoba Regiment) is killed in action at age 25. His brother was killed in April 1915.
  • Private William Daniels (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 27. His brother was killed last October.
  • Private Edwin Fereday (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed on Salonika at age 22. His brother died of wounds in May 1917.
  • Private Lawrence Nuttall (Royal Lancaster Regiment) is killed in action. His two brothers have been previously killed in the Great War.
  • Private Tom Hadley Houghton (Central Ontario Regiment) is killed at Canal du Nord at age 28. His brother was killed in August 1917.
  • Private Cyril Gurl (Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in March 1917.
  • Private Harry Noble Cordiner (Scots Fusiliers) is killed at age 20. His brother was killed last June.

Saturday 28 September 1918 We Lost 1,992

During the advance to Piccadilly Farm near Wytschaete, Sergeant Louis McGuffie (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) single-handedly enters several enemy dugouts and takes many prisoners.  During subsequent operations he deals similarly with dugout after dugout forcing one officer and twenty-five other ranks to surrender. During the subsequent consolidation of the first objective he pursues and brings back several of the enemy who are slipping away and he is also instrumental in rescuing some of our own soldiers who are being led off as prisoners. Later in the day, while commanding his platoon he leads them in capturing many prisoners.  Sergeant McGuffie will be killed in less than a week during a shelling. For his actions Sergeant will be awarded the Victoria Cross

Captain G B Bailey and Lieutenant Joseph William Greig Clark (Royal Air Force) are detailed to watch and report on progress made by the 57th Division in its advance towards the Schelde Canal.  They reconnoiter the area in front of the infantry from a height of 400 feet and discover that the enemy has withdrawn to the east of the canal.  Realizing that the infantry might advance more rapidly, they drop a message on the advancing men, urging them to press on at once as they will find no opposition. The aircrew then returns to the Division Headquarters and drop a message informing them of their action. On returning to the infantry they notice that they are all advancing hurriedly towards the canal, on reaching which the infantry are able to seize the crossings.  In spite of this the enemy has been able to get into a trench line east of the canal.

Lieutenant Robert Allan Caldwell dives down to 400 feet over Catteniers – then seven to eight miles over the line which he observes to be congested with lorries, guns and limbers.  Flying the streets he drops four bombs separately, each with great affect. He then fires 350 rounds in all at assemblies of troops near Catteniers and on roads westwards. Seeing our troops advancing and skirmishing west of Noyelles, he five times attacks the enemy holding the bridgehead at Noyelles from 100 feet, greatly encouraging our New Zealand troops who are engaged and assisting them to discover the line held by the enemy.

Lieutenant Archie Buchanan (Royal Air Force) in an engagement with fifteen Fokker biplanes, owing to engine trouble is compelled to remain under his flight; he nevertheless accounts for two enemy machines, attacking one under its tail, causing it to crash, and driving another down out of control. Captain Allan Hepburn and Lieutenant Marshall shoot down a Fokker V II near Leuze-Ath.

A German air raid on an allied aerodrome just outside Boulogne scores a direct hit on a dormitory killing 85 men.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Battalion commander
  • A Cambridge football blue
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • A son of the late Deputy Inspector General of Police in Jamaica
  • A man killed one day after the 18th anniversary of the day his brother was killed in front of him in the South Africa War
  • A man whose father was killed in the South Africa War
  • The son of Writer to the Signet
  • The brother of a man who was awarded a posthumous Albert Medal for his action last year during the Halifax Explosion
  • A Military Chaplain
  • A former child actor

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Charles James Townshend Stewart DSO (commanding Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) is killed at age 44.
  • Major William James Gordon Burns DSO (Canadian Field Artillery) is killed by a shell splinter while on a recon at age 28. He is the son of the Reverend Robert N Burns. The James Burns award is presented annually to a student with overall A standing in a Second Year which included 3.0 Science courses at the University of Toronto.
  • Major Denis St George Knox Boswell (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) dies of influenza in Greece at age 24. He is a former Cambridge Football Blue.
  • Major Percival Thomas Priestley (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed on Salonika at age 30. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Priestley Vicar of Albrighton.
  • Captain Francis Dobree McCrea (Royal Canadian Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the son of J McCrea, late Deputy Inspector General of Police, Jamaica.
  • Captain Richard Crawshay Bailey Partridge MC (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed in action near Havrincourt Wood at age 42. Ironically, one day short of the eighteenth anniversary of the death in action of his brother during a skirmish with the Boers in the South African War in the presence of his brother.
  • Lieutenant John Prosser (Black Watch) is killed at age 29. He is the son of ‘Sir’ John Prosser Writer to the Signet Edinburgh.
  • Lieutenant Wesley Williams Irvine (Manitoba Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend S O Irvine.
  • Lieutenant John Noble (Cameron Highlanders attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 30. He is a Master of Arts and Bachelor of Science at Glasgow University.
  • Lieutenant George Harvey Rochester MC (Central Ontario Regiment) is killed in action at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend W M Rochester DD.
  • Lieutenant Guy Triggs (Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) dies on service at home at age 29. His brother was killed in the Halifax explosion of December last year performing acts that won him the Albert Medal.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Augustine Buckmaster (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Charles John Buckmaster Vicar of Hindley.
  • Second Lieutenant Denis Godfrey Eagar (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in May 1915 and they are sons of Captain Edward Boaz Eagar who was killed on 23rd November 1899 at Belmont South Africa.
  • Chaplain William Henry Tomkins attached South Staffordshire Regiment is killed.
  • Private John Walsh (Scots Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 21 one day after his brother has been killed.
  • Private David John Stanley Hixson (Cheshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. His brother was killed in March 1915.
  • Private Francis Haraold Van Schepdael (Alberta Regiment) is killed in action at age 28. His brother was killed in April 1915.
  • Private Albert Arthur Taylor (East Kent Regiment) dies of wounds received near Peronne at age 19. His brother was killed in June 1916.
  • Private Oswald Gilbert Darling (Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend Charles B Darling.
  • Private John Nicholls (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 36. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Private John Herbert Carr (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. His brother was killed last December.
  • Private Herbert Smith Peters (Alberta Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother was killed in June 1916.
  • Private Maurice Pollack (Dorset Yeomanry) dies of wounds in Damascus at age 33. He is an accomplished child actor, best known for his performance at Little Lord Fauntleroy in which he first appeared at the Grand Birmingham. His biography will be written by Peter Farrar.

Friday 27 September 1918 We Lost 3,297

Captain William Henry Hubbard (Royal Air Force) while flying at altitudes between two and fifteen hundred feet engages and silences many anti-tank guns, thereby rendering valuable service.  He at the same time completes a detailed and accurate reconnaissance of the area, locating the position of our troops. Lieutenant Gerald Anderson and Second Lieutenant Thomas Sydney Chiltern (Royal Air Force) bring down a Fokker D VII at Lambersart.

Lieutenant James Edward Maddox MM (Cheshire Regiment) is instructing a class in throwing live bombs.  One of the men after withdrawing the pin from a Mills No V Mark 1 Grenade accidentally drops the grenade in the trench and then apparently through fright falls on it.  Lieutenant Maddox with great presence of mind immediately pulls the man off the grenade seizes it and throws it over the parapet where it explodes almost immediately saving the man’s life.  For his actions Lieutenant Maddox will be awarded the Albert Medal.

  • The highest scoring ace of 22 Royal Air Force is killed in action east of Cambrai along with observer who is also an ace. Captain Samuel Frederick Henry ‘Siffy’ Thompson MC DFC (Royal Air Force) is a thirty-victory ace while his observer
  • Lieutenant Thomas Clifford John Tolman is also killed at age 21. He is an eight-victory observer ace.
  • Lieutenant Gavin Black Motherwell McMurdo (Royal Air Force) is killed at home at age 19. His two brothers will both die on service in 1919.
  • Sergeant Thomas Proctor (Royal Air Force) an observer ace with five victories is killed in action when his BF2b is shot down near Abancourt by German ace Fritz Classen.

“Sanders Keep” is a German fortification two kilometers south west of Graincourt-Les-Havrincourt between the Hermies and Havrincourt roads. Today it is stormed by the Guards regiments. Among those killed in the battle is

  • Captain William Herbert Gladstone MC (Coldstream Guards) he is the son of the Reverend Stephen Edward Gladstone Rector of Barrowby and the grandson of the late Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
  • Second Lieutenant Alexander Grant (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 19. He is the son of Alexander Grant KC.

During this operation (part of Battle of Canal du Nord) Captain Cyril Hubert Frisby (Coldstream Guards) is detailed to capture a canal crossing but when the canal is reading the leading platoon comes under annihilating fire from a strong enemy post under the bridge on the far side of the canal. Captain Frisby with Lance Corporal Thomas Norman Jackson and two others climb down into the canal under intense fire and succeed in capturing the post with two machines and twelve men. They then give timely support to a company which has lost all its officers and sergeants, organizing the defences and beating off a heavy counter attack. Both men will be awarded the Victoria Cross, though Lance Corporal Jackson will be killed at age 21 during the operation.

At Flesquières, France, when his company is held up during the advance by heavy machine-gun fire, Corporal Thomas Patrick Neely VC (Lancaster Regiment) realising the seriousness of the situation, at once under point-blank fire, dashes out with two men and rushes the gun positions, disposing of the garrisons and capturing three machine-guns. Subsequently, on two occasions, he rushes concrete strong-points, killing or capturing the occupants. His actions enabled his company to advance 3,000 yards along the Hindenburg support line. For his actions today he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross as he is killed three days later in action at Rumilly-en-Cambrésis, just south of Cambrai, France.

Today’s losses include:

  • Royal Air Force ace
    • 30-victory ace
    • 8-victory ace
    • 5-victory ace
  • A grandson of the late Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
  • Multiple families that will lose two and three sons in the Great War
  • A family that will lose five sons in the Great War
  • A Victoria Cross winner
  • A General
  • A battalion commander
  • A man son will be born next year
  • The son of the Assistant Master of Eton College
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The grandson of a member of the clergy
  • The son of His Majesties Consul Athens
  • A England International and Olympic footballer
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • A man whose son will be killed in May 1940

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Brigadier General Gilbert Burrell Spencer Follett DSO MVO General Officer Commanding 3rd Guards Brigade Guards Division is killed in action at age 40.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Alexander Ross DSO (commanding 2nd Gordon Highlanders) is killed at age 38 by a shell while crossing the Piave in Italy.
  • Captain James Philip Crawford (Central Ontario Regiment) dies of wounds at age 33. He is the son of “the Honorable” Thomas Crawford.
  • Captain James Shuckburgh Carter (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 37. His son will be born next year while his younger brother will be killed next month. They are sons of the Assistant Master of Eton College and grandsons of the Reverend Thomas Thelluson Carter.
  • Captain Francis Geoffrey Eliot MC (Royal Marines Light Infantry) is killed at age 28. He is the last of three brothers who have been killed in the war.
  • Lieutenant Francis Rowlands Harker-Thomas (Central Ontario Regiment) is killed at age 32. His brother was killed in January 1917.
  • Lieutenant Percy Baglietto Cottrell MC (Royal Fusiliers attached General Staff) dies of wounds at Salonika at age 25. He is the son of His Majesties Consul Athens.
  • Lieutenant Joseph Dines (Liverpool Regiment) is killed by machine gun fire. He is well known as the “smiling footballer” who made his international debut for England versus Wales in 1910.  He also played international matches in the Olympics and for Millwall.
  • Lieutenant Arnold Oughtres Vick (Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at Epinoy at age 29. He is the son of Richard William Vick JP.
  • Lieutenant John Cecil Butler Prince (London Regiment) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend John Henry Prince Vicar of Braunton.
  • Lieutenant Charles Wilfred Eales (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Henry William Eales Vicar of Lewannick. Second Lieutenant Arthur Saunders Jones (Royal Air Force) is killed at age 18. His brother was killed last April and they are sons of the Reverend William Jones.
  • Second Lieutenant Howard Cross (London Regiment) is killed in action. His son will be killed in May 1940.
  • Second Lieutenant Archibald Hugh O’Farrell (Irish Guards) is killed at age 19. He is the only son of ‘Sir’ Edward O’Farrell KCB.
  • Corporal Arthur Norfield MM (Saskatchewan Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die on service in January 1919.
  • Corporal A George Hercock (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. His brother was killed in March of this year.
  • Gunner Andrew Walsh (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action one day before his brother is killed. The two official forms (B.104.82) containing the news of their deaths arrive at their parent’s home within one hour of each other.
  • Private William Munns (Sussex Regiment) dies of wounds received in action at age 24. His brother was killed in action in April 1915.
  • Rifleman Frank Woodhead Pogson (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. His brother was killed on the last day of March 1918.
  • Private Thomas Herbert Ingrey (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His older brother was killed in October 1916.
  • Private Reginald Cecil Stephen Rogers (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed by a shell explosion at age 27.
  • Private Arthur Henry Hammond (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother died of wounds in April of this year.
  • Private Walter Halverson (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed on the first day of the battle of the Somme.
  • Private Sydney Strike (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed on Salonika at age 23. His brother died on service with the Royal Naval Division in February 1915.
  • Private Lewis Wyndham Jarvis (British Columbia Regiment) is killed at age 38. He is a veteran of the South African War and is one of five brothers who are killed in the war.
  • Driver George Fred Wheeler (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 20. His brother was killed in October 1915.
  • Private Arthur Oakley (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed. His brother was killed last November.
  • Private Arthur Wyman (Alberta Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother was killed in June 1916.

Monday 16 September 1918 We Lost 589

At about 18:00 this evening an explosion occurs on board HMS Glatton while she is lying in Dover Harbor.  This is followed by a severe fire involving the whole of the amidship part of the ship.  Efforts are made to deal with the fire by means of salvage tugs. The foremost magazines are flooded but it is found impossible to flood the after magazines. The initial explosion and fire cut off the after part of the ship killing or seriously injuring all the officers who are on board with one exception and there is danger of a further explosion which might cause severe damage to the town and to other vessels which are in close proximity loaded with oil and ammunition. At the time of the explosion Surgeon Lieutenant Commander Edward Leicester Atkinson DSO (Royal Navy) is at work in his cabin. The first explosion renders him unconscious.  Recovering shortly thereafter he finds the area outside his cabin filled with smoke and fumes. He makes his way to the quarter deck by means of a ladder during this time he brings two unconscious men on to the upper deck.  He now returns to the flat and is bringing up a third man when a smaller explosion occur while he is on the ladder.  This explosion blinds Atkinson and at the same time a piece of metal is driven into his left leg in such a manner that he is unable to move until he has himself extracted it. Placing the third man on the upper deck he proceeds forward through the shelter deck. By feel being totally unable to see he finds two more unconscious men both of whom he brings out. He is found on the upper deck in an almost unconscious condition so wounded and burned that his life was in peril for some time.  Lieutenant George Devereux Belben DSC, Sub Lieutenant David Hywel Evans (Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve), Petty Officer Albert Ernest Stoker and Able Seaman Edward Nunn are in boats rescuing men who have either been blown or jumped overboard.  They then board Glatton on their own initiative and enter the super structure which is full os dense smoke and proceed down to the deck below.  They succeed in rescuing seven or eight badly injured men from the mess deck in addition to fifteen who they find and bring out from inside the ship.  They continue their efforts until all chances of rescuing others has passed and the ship is ordered to be abandoned. For their efforts Lieutenant Commander Atkinson, Lieutenant Belben, Sub Lieutenant Evans, Petty Officer Stoker and Able Seaman Nunn will all be awarded the Albert Medal.  At about 20:00 the ship is torpedoed and sunk.  Seventy-nine are killed or die as a result of the explosion including Lieutenant Commander Reginald James Blakeney Drew the son of the late Inspector General W B Drew killed at age 30.

Second Lieutenant Harold Leslie Edwards, while on patrol with nine other machines, engages twelve enemy scouts.  In the combat that ensues he destroys one, his pilot accounting for a second, and they take part in the destruction of a third.

The armed merchantman S S Acadian (Master J Snowden) is torpedoed and sunk by the U-boat UB-117 eleven miles west south west from Trevose Head. Twenty-five are killed including her master. There is one survivor.

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great war
  • A Military Chaplain
  • A grandson of a member of the clergy
  • A man whose son will be killed in the Second World War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Archibald Denys Irivng (Royal Field Artillery) dies of wounds when he is struck by a piece of shell while leading an ammunition column at Saulcourt. He is the grandson of the late Reverend Thomas Bray.
  • Chaplain ‘the Reverend’ Matthew Vincent Prendergast died on service in Cairo at age 37.
  • Sergeant Richard Speakman (Cheshire Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother died of pneumonia on service in February 1915.
  • Lance Corporal Henry Watson (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother was killed in May 1917.
  • Gunner Wilfrid Norminton (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 29. His son will be killed in the Second World War.

Sunday 30 June 1918 We Lost 507

Reginald Liddon Alderson

Captain Eldon Abraham Burn (Royal Air Force) is attacked by two Fokker biplanes, one of which he drives down out of control.  He is then forced to land in ‘No Man’s Land’ when his engine cuts out.  He and his observer, Second Lieutenant C O Shelswell, eventually reach our lines after two hours in ‘No Man’s Land’.

A corporal of the Royal Air Force who has been lowered by a rope into a crater caused by a bomb which had been dropped by an enemy aeroplane is overcome by carbon monoxide gas which had accumulated in the crater.  Efforts are made to haul him out but his head becomes caught and Private Arthur Johnson (Royal Army Service Corps) volunteers to descend and re-adjust the rope which he does successfully and the corporal is rescued but Private Johnson is overcome by the gas.  Driver Alfred Edward Montague Horn (Royal Army Service Corps) at once puts on his respirator and lowers himself to assist Private Johnson but is likewise overcome. Sergeant Victor Brooks (Canadian Cavalry Field Ambulance) now volunteers to attempt to help both men but is also overcome by the gas, but he is fortunately hauled out.  Lieutenant Colonel (Temporary Brigadier General) Alfred Burt DSO refuses to permit anyone else to descend bu does so himself and drags one of the unconscious men some ways towards the rope he however also becomes unconscious and has to be pulled out himself.  All four men will be awarded the Albert Medal, Private Johnson and Driver Horn posthumously.

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple Albert Medal winners
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple Military Chaplains
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War
  • The grandson of an Admiral

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Major Reginald Liddon Alderson (Royal Air Force) is dies of influenza at home at age 38. He is the son of the Reverend Canon F C Alderson of Peterborough Cathedral.
  • Second Lieutenant George Augustus L’Estrange Kerr (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend George William Kerr Vicar of St Mark’s Tollington Park.
  • Chaplain Alfred Heath (attached Duke of Wellington’s Regiment) is killed at age 39.
  • Chaplain George Conde dies of influenza on active service at home at age 45. Second
  • Lieutenant Wright Thomas Squire (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed in action. He is the grandson of the late Rear Admiral J W East.
  • Private Thomas Smith (Gloucestershire Regiment) dies of wounds received in action. His brother will be killed in less than six weeks.
  • Private Archibald Holsgrove (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother died of wounds last year.

Saturday 29 June 1918 We Lost 399

Motor Launch 482

A fire breaks out on board Motor Launch No. 483 while refueling alongside the jetty at Pembroke Dock, the fire being caused by the ignition of an overflow of petrol from a hose.  Leading Seaman Charles Davie Millar (HMS PC 51) is walking up and down the forecastle of his ship, on seeing the flames break out on the upper deck of the motor launch rushes afte and removes the primers of the depth charges on board. He then forces his way through the flames and kicks the hose overboard his clothes igniting as he does so. Having extinguished his burning clothing by jumping overboard, he climbs back on board and assists in getting the motor launch in tow.  For his actions he will be awarded the Albert Medal.

Captain Allan Hepburn and Sergeant Ernest Antcliffe shoot down a Fokker D VII near Bois Grenier, while Lieutenant William Wheeler and Second Lieutenant Thomas Sydney Chiltern (Royal Air Force) achieve two victories over D VII’s, the first northwest of Dixmude and the second at Ghistelles. The second victory they share with three other pilots and observers, Captain K R Simpson and Sergeant Charles Hill, Lieutenant Robert Cullen and Lieutenant Edward Ward and Lieutenant Kenneth Conn and Second Lieutenant Bertram Smyth.

The destroyer HMS Lysander finds the Captain’s lifeboat from the HMHS Llandovery Castle.  The crew is taken aboard and the boat left to its fate.

A depth charge explodes prematurely on HMS Vivien killing three.

The steamer Sixty Six (Master C Rounce) is torpedoed and sunk three miles east from Scarborough by UB-88. Six are killed including her skipper.

 Today’s losses include:

  • A man whose son will be killed serving in the Royal Air Force in January 1945
  • The only grandson of a Justice of the Peace
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Arnold Theobald MC (Royal Scots) dies at age 28. He is the son of the late Reverend G A Theobald.
  • Lieutenant James Noel Gatecliff (Royal Air Force) is shot down in flames and killed at age 20. He was the only grandson of John Charles Stead JP.
  • Second Lieutenant John Albert Gordon Smyth (Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend H A Smyth.
  • Private Roy Hammersley Field (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. His brother was killed in September 1917.
  • Private Francis Andrew Lyon (Australian Infantry) dies of illness at age 32. His son will be killed in the Royal Air Force over Yugoslavia in January 1945.
  • Private Henry James Lane (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed. His brother will be killed in less than four months.

Tuesday 25 June 1918 We Lost 337

S S Orissa grave of Hugh Brown (Albert Medal)

The steamship Orissa is torpedoed and sinks in the North Atlantic twenty-one miles south west from Skerryvore killing six of the crew. The explosion took place about twenty feet from the store room where some members of the crew including Boatswain Hugh Brown and his son who was the Steward’s Boy are receiving their tobacco issue.  The store room is immediately flooded but the Boatswain and his son are able to fight their way to the stairway leading to the weather deck, the bottom stairs of which have been blown away.  The boy manages to reach the weather deck but Brown then hears the Storekeeper who is still in the flooded store room calling for help.  As soon as he has been assured of his son’s safety Brown wishes the boy farewell and though he could probably have saved himself he turns back in the hope of assisting the Storekeeper.  The ship sinks not long after and neither the Boatswain nor the Storekeeper is seen again.  For his actions Boatswain Brown is posthumously awarded the Albert Medal.  Hugh Brown dies at age forty-three.

Observer Sergeant Ernest Antcliffe achieves his first victory when he shoots down a Fokker D VII near Thorout while flying with Lieutenant J P West.

 Today’s losses include:

  • An Albert Medal winner
  • The son of a member of the clergy
  • A man whose brother was killed serving in the American Expeditionary Forces
  • A man shot at dawn

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Corporal John Douglas Hazelton (Alberta Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend Edward Hazelton.
  • Private Walter Oswald Larsen (Manitoba Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is a United States citizen whose brother was killed serving in the American Expeditionary Forces.
  • Private Walter Dossett (York and Lancaster Regiment) is executed at age 22 for desertion during the Ludendorff Offensive earlier in 1918. The execution takes place near Vlamertinghe, in the Ypres Salient.