Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Category: Salonika

30 December 1918 We Lost 192

Sir Alexander Beamish Hamilton

Brigadier General ‘the Honorable’ Alexander Beamish Hamilton CB (General Staff and King’s Own Scottish Borderers) dies of illness at home at age 58. He had served as the Controller of Embarkation, Southampton, in the Dardanelles and at Salonika.  He has also done “Special Service” in the Mediterranean, at home and in Canada.  His brother died of wounds commanding a battalion of the Durham Light Infantry in October 1915.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Brigadier General whose brother died of wounds in October 1915
  • The son of a member of the clergy
  • Another man whose brother was lost in the Great War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Frank Irvine Mackinnon (Royal Army Medical Corps) dies on service at age 63 in Damascus. He is the son of the Reverend John Mackinnon.
  • Lance Corporal Hector Albert Young (Rifle Brigade) dies of wounds and pneumonia at age 23. His brother was killed in action in September 1914.

Saturday 2 November 1918 We Lost 1,261

Joseph Ray MacSwiney

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great Wara
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Joseph Ray MacSwiney (Liverpool Regiment) dies of pneumonia at age 26. His brother was killed in June 1915.
  • Captain Harry Aitken Williams (Middlesex Regiment) dies on service at home at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend H A Williams.
  • Lieutenant Preston Anthony Augustus Enright DFC (Royal Air Force) is killed service in Salonika at age 19. His brother died of wounds in May 1917.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Ryle Plummer (Royal Garrison Artillery) dies on service at age 22 becoming the third son of the Reverend Francis Bowes Plummer to lose his life in the Great War.
  • Lieutenant Donald Shand (Manitoba Regiment) dies of wounds in England. He is the middle of three brothers who will lose their lives as a result of war service.
  • Lieutenant Arthur Dixon Haslam (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Hedley Haslam.
  • Lieutenant Eric Robert Lamb (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 29. He is the son of the Reverend Fred Lamb.
  • Second Lieutenant Arnold Joseph Gaskell (Norfolk Yeomanry) is killed in action at age 32. He is the son of the late Reverend John Gaskell.
  • Second Lieutenant Harry Cecil Tomkinson (Royal Air Force) is accidentally killed at age 30. His brother died on service at home last month.
  • Corporal Arthur Walter Bainbridge (Machine Gun Corps) dies of wounds at age 28. His brother was killed in January of this year.
  • Private William R Sutherland (Labour Corps) dies at home. His brother died of wounds in March 1916.
  • Private Henry Thomas Barnes (Gloucestershire Regiment) dies of wounds at age 34. His brother also died of wounds in March 1916.
  • Private William Smith Copland (Black Watch) dies on service at age 19. His two brothers have previously been killed in the war.
  • Stoker George Hayward (HMS Victory, Royal Navy) dies at age 31. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Private Albert Waters (East Surrey Regiment) died on service in India at age 33. His brother was killed in November 1914.
  • Private Robert Matthews (Central Ontario Regiment) dies at age 29. His brother was killed in August 1916.

Thursday 24 October 1918 We Lost 1,823

son of Colin Archibald Mungo Park

40th squadron moves from Bryas to Aniche on the Douai-Denain road.

Lance Corporal Colin Archibald Mungo Park (Royal Sussex Regiment) is killed in action at age 31. He is the son of the Reverend Mungo Park. In June 1941 his son, a World War II Royal Air Force ace will be shot down and killed by German Lufwaffe ace Wilhelm Balthasar who will die in combat less than one week later. Both of the younger men lost their fathers serving in their respective armies in the Great War.

Today’s losses include:

  • A man whose son an RAF ace will be shot down and killed by German ace who will be killed within a week in June 1941 who also lost his father in the Great War
  • Multiple families that will lose two, three and four sons in the Great War
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • A member of the Penarth Rugby Football Club
  • Two Military Chaplains
  • A man who son will be killed in December 1940
  • A man whose brother was killed in the Great War and his son will be killed in the Second World War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Gordon Gordon-Smith (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed in December 1915.
  • Captain Victor Hubert Thornton (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 31. He is the son of the Reverend Edward Thornton, late Vicar of Ancroft.
  • Lieutenant William Bannister Augustus Pickop (Royal Fusiliers) dies of wounds at age 22. His brother died of wounds in June 1917 and they are sons of the Reverend Canon Pickop Vicar of Hatcliffe.
  • Second Lieutenant Rowland Hurst Bourne (Sussex Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. He is the son of Rowland Manlove Bourne JP.
  • Second Lieutenant Cyril de Clare Yeld (Indian Army Reserve of Officers attached Supply and Transport Corps) dies on service in India. He is a member of the Penarth Rugby Club.
  • Second Lieutenant Horace Burnaby Cooper (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Horace Rowsell Cooper Vicar of Thornton.
  • Chaplains William Edgar Jones (attached Yorkshire Regiment) age 30 and Richard William Dugdale MC (Norfolk Regiment) die on active service He is the son of the Reverend Sydney Dugdale Rector of Whitchurch.
  • Lance Corporal Ben Mingay (Suffolk Regiment) is killed at age 33. His son will be killed in December 1940.
  • Private George Arthur Ginns (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 35. His brother was killed in December 1916 and his son will be killed on 28th May 1943 while serving with the Norfolk Regiment.
  • Pioneer Hubert William Duncan Brewster (Royal Engineers) dies of illness at age 42. His brother died of wounds in January 1917.
  • Private Harry Desborough (Machine Gun Company) is killed at age 29. His brother was killed in October 1916.
  • Private John William Lance Slee (Warwickshire Regiment) dies of illness at age 18. His brother died of illness in November 1914.
  • Private Frederick Arthur (Hampshire Regiment) dies of malaria on Salonika having been released after three years as a prisoner of war in Bulgaria.
  • Private Bertie Atkiss (West Surrey Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Private Aubrey Henry Simmonds (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed near Haussy, Cambrai at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Charles S Simmonds Vicar of Exhall.
  • Gunner Thomas Lang (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 33. His brother will die on service in the Royal Navy next July.
  • Private Wilfred Simpson (Royal Marines HMS Hussar) dies in Italy. He is the third of four brothers who lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Private Joseph Robert Calder-Smith (Army Pay Corps) dies on service at age 42. His brother was killed on the first day of the battle of the Somme.
  • Private Charles Horace Dunkley (Sherwood Foresters) is killed. His brother was killed in November 1915 on Gallipoli.
  • Private Thomas Wortley Raitt (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 23. His twin brother was killed last May.
  • Private William Ernest Haynes (Somerset Light Infantry) is killed at age 25. His is one of three brothers who lose their lives in the Great War.

Friday 4 October 1918 We Lost 1,206

Lieutenant Robert Allan Caldwell (Royal Air Force) destroys an enemy balloon in flames north of Bohain at 5,000 feet in spite of very heavy anti-aircraft fire. On the way home he descends to 50 to 100 feet and creates great confusion and does much damage to the enemy infantry, transport and artillery marching westwards to counter-attack, returning with his machine again much shot about.  While flying on a low bombing raid Lieutenant Wilfred James Jenner (Royal Air Force) is shot through both legs.  Although suffering great pain, he continues his flight and drops his bombs on the objective before returning to his aerodrome.

Lieutenant Horace George Eldon (Royal Air Force) achieves his final victory as an observer while flying with Lieutenant I G Fleming when they shoot down a Fokker V II southeast of Lille.  Lieutenant Gerald Anderson and Second Lieutenant Thomas Sydney Chiltern (Royal Air Force) also bring down their last victim when they shoot down a Fokker D VII at Quesnoy.

An attack is carried out by 23 Camels of 28 and 66 Squadrons at the training school of the Austrian Air Force at Campoformido with phosphorus and high explosive bombs causing a great deal of damage.  Some aircraft of the school which come up to attack the formation are also shot down.  Two of 28’s Camels are shot down and the pilots killed.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Victoria Cross winner
  • A General
  • A Baronet
  • A Battalion commander
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War
  • A Military Chaplain
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • A Scottish Rugby International8
  • The 1914 Australasian Tennis Open Champion
  • RAF Aces
    • An 8-victory ace
    • A 6-victory ace

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Brigadier General Sir William Algernon Ireland Kay (commanded 3rd Infantry Brigade) CMG DSO, 6th Baronet, is killed in action at age 42. He and his Brigade Major, Captain William Fulton Somervail DSO MC are killed instantly by a gas shell near St Quentin while reconnoitering new areas.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Hills Nicholson DSO (commanding 3rd Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 38.
  • Major Arthur Holroyd O’Hara Wood (Royal Air Force) is accidentally killed at age 28 when his Camel collides with that of Second Lieutenant Lorn Lamond Saunders while on a patrol over Saint-Quentin. He is the 1914 Australasian Tennis Open Champion and he scored the first victory for 4th Australian Flying Corp on 24th January 1918. Lieutenant Saundres is also killed.
  • Captain Gerald Montague Hedley (Royal Engineers) dies of wounds. He is the son of the Reverend William Hedley Vicar of Felkirk.
  • Captain and Quartermaster W T Humphreys (Royal Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 24. He is the son of Frederick Humphreys JP.
  • Lieutenant Charles Penruddocke (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother was killed on Salonika in April 1917.
  • Lieutenant John Weston Warner DFC (Royal Air Force) is killed in action when his Sopwith Camel is shot down over Busigny. The 19-year old is an eight-victory ace.
  • Second Lieutenant Walter Riddell Sutherland (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed by a stray shell on his 28th birthday. He was a Scottish rugby union footballer who gained 13 caps between 1910 and 1914.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles Percival Henry Manley MC (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Augustus Manley Vicar of St Dunstan’s Canterbury.
  • Chaplain the Reverend Guy Spencer Bryan-Brown (New Zealand Chaplains Department) is killed at age 32. He is the son of the Reverend Willoughby Bryan-Brown of St Stephen’s Eastbourne.
  • Sergeant Louis McGuffie VC (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) is killed by a shell. In December he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for actions performed near Wytschaete on 28th September.
  • Sergeant William James Middleton DFM a six-victory ace (Royal Air Force) dies of wounds received in action.
  • Gunner John Kenneth Groves (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action at age 21. His brother was killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Private John Miller (Warwickshire Regiment) dies of malaria in Mesopotamia at age 32. His brother died of wounds in August 1917.
  • Private Claude Ogle (Lincolnshire Regiment) dies of wounds received the previous day at age 20. His brother will be killed next April.
  • Private William Kennedy (Cameron Highlanders) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in March 1916.

Thursday 3 October 1918 We Lost 1,666

Charles Julian Mann

The 1st King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry capture Prospect Hill.

  • Private William Hubert Darwin (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 24. His brother was killed in July 1915.

Lieutenant Robert Allan Caldwell (Royal Air Force) drops four bombs into Beauvois and then descends to 100 to 200 feet, firing 400 rounds into the enemy trenches which we are attacking south of Cambrai.

The submarine L10 (Lieutenant Commander Alfred Edward Whitehouse age 30) is in the vicinity of a German convoy which had been attacked by British destroyers the previous night.  This afternoon a number of German ships are spotted searching the area for survivors and L10 signals her intention of attacking the German squadron which consists of the destroyers S33 and S34 and two torpedo boats heading from Zeebrugge to Germany.  S34 strikes a mine with the result that the other ships were forced to ignore the danger of mines to rescue the sinking destroyer’s crew.  L10 moves in and fires a torpedo at S33 which severely damages the destroyer but initial thoughts of another mine are dispelled by the Germans when L10’s conning tower broaches the surface. S33 manages to bring her guns to bear and sinks the submarine through shelling.

The tanker S S Eupion is torpedoed and sunk ten miles west of Loop Head, River Shannon and sunk. Eleven of the crew survive the sinking but die in a lifeboat afterwards including

  • Third Officer Christopher Clark who is one of three brothers and their brother in law who all lose their lives in the Great War

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple families that will lose two and three sons in the Great War
  • A 21-victory ace
  • A member of the clergy
  • Multiple sons of members of the cleryg
  • A Military Chaplain
  • The son of a Baronet

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Charles Robert Reeves Hickey DFC (Royal Air Force) is killed in a midair collision with Second Lieutenant Schomberg Edward Matthey when he dives through a cloud southwest of Ramscapelle. Captain Hickey dies at age 21. In April of this year he forced down a Rumpler C near Wulpen and after landing beside it, was attempting to protect his prize from Belgian citizens when the German aircraft exploded killing several bystanders and injuring Hickey.  Hickey was a twenty-one-victory ace.
  • Captain the Reverend Frederick Wystans Hipkins MC (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 32. He is the Rector of Bamford-in-the Park and the son of the Reverend Frederick Charles Hipkins.
  • Captain Humphrey Stuart King MC (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at Le Catelet at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend John King Rector of Crock and was a June 1914 graduate of Durham University as a Divinity Student.
  • Lieutenant Jack Aubrey Sykes (Royal Air Force) is killed at age 19. His two brothers lost their lives last year in the Great War.
  • Lieutenant John D C Gould-Taylor DFC (Australian Flying Corps) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend W Gould-Taylor.
  • Lieutenant Charles Julian Mann (Hussars) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Edward Mann, the 1st Baronet and had been educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge.
  • Lieutenant George Richard Lancelot Baillie (Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend William Baillie.
  • Lieutenant John MacKay (Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) dies of wounds. His two brothers were killed in 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant Homer Harding (Indian Army Reserve of Officers) dies in India. He is the last of three brothers who lose their lives in the Great War. A final brother will be lost in the sinking of submarine M1 in November 1925 as a result of collision with a Swedish steamship.
  • Chaplin the Reverend Charles Robertson is killed at age 39. Chaplain Eric Oswald Read (Doresetshire Regiment) is killed at age 30.
  • Sergeant Alex Polson MM (Scots Fusiliers) is killed at age 21. His brother died on service at home in January 1915.
  • Private Zaccheus Simpson (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 35. His brother was killed in September 1916.
  • Private Herbert Howden (North Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. His brother was killed in January 1917.
  • Private George Alfred Beard (Dorsetshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. His brother was killed in August 1915.
  • Private William Ethelbert Abbott (Australian Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 35. He is the son of the Reverend John Thomas Henry Abbott Vicar of Mulllaghdun Enniskillen.
  • Private George Borthwick (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed on Salonika at age 26. His brother was killed July 1916.
  • Private Hugh eland Clatworthy (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in January 1916.

Saturday 28 September 1918 We Lost 1,992

During the advance to Piccadilly Farm near Wytschaete, Sergeant Louis McGuffie (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) single-handedly enters several enemy dugouts and takes many prisoners.  During subsequent operations he deals similarly with dugout after dugout forcing one officer and twenty-five other ranks to surrender. During the subsequent consolidation of the first objective he pursues and brings back several of the enemy who are slipping away and he is also instrumental in rescuing some of our own soldiers who are being led off as prisoners. Later in the day, while commanding his platoon he leads them in capturing many prisoners.  Sergeant McGuffie will be killed in less than a week during a shelling. For his actions Sergeant will be awarded the Victoria Cross

Captain G B Bailey and Lieutenant Joseph William Greig Clark (Royal Air Force) are detailed to watch and report on progress made by the 57th Division in its advance towards the Schelde Canal.  They reconnoiter the area in front of the infantry from a height of 400 feet and discover that the enemy has withdrawn to the east of the canal.  Realizing that the infantry might advance more rapidly, they drop a message on the advancing men, urging them to press on at once as they will find no opposition. The aircrew then returns to the Division Headquarters and drop a message informing them of their action. On returning to the infantry they notice that they are all advancing hurriedly towards the canal, on reaching which the infantry are able to seize the crossings.  In spite of this the enemy has been able to get into a trench line east of the canal.

Lieutenant Robert Allan Caldwell dives down to 400 feet over Catteniers – then seven to eight miles over the line which he observes to be congested with lorries, guns and limbers.  Flying the streets he drops four bombs separately, each with great affect. He then fires 350 rounds in all at assemblies of troops near Catteniers and on roads westwards. Seeing our troops advancing and skirmishing west of Noyelles, he five times attacks the enemy holding the bridgehead at Noyelles from 100 feet, greatly encouraging our New Zealand troops who are engaged and assisting them to discover the line held by the enemy.

Lieutenant Archie Buchanan (Royal Air Force) in an engagement with fifteen Fokker biplanes, owing to engine trouble is compelled to remain under his flight; he nevertheless accounts for two enemy machines, attacking one under its tail, causing it to crash, and driving another down out of control. Captain Allan Hepburn and Lieutenant Marshall shoot down a Fokker V II near Leuze-Ath.

A German air raid on an allied aerodrome just outside Boulogne scores a direct hit on a dormitory killing 85 men.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Battalion commander
  • A Cambridge football blue
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • A son of the late Deputy Inspector General of Police in Jamaica
  • A man killed one day after the 18th anniversary of the day his brother was killed in front of him in the South Africa War
  • A man whose father was killed in the South Africa War
  • The son of Writer to the Signet
  • The brother of a man who was awarded a posthumous Albert Medal for his action last year during the Halifax Explosion
  • A Military Chaplain
  • A former child actor

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Charles James Townshend Stewart DSO (commanding Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) is killed at age 44.
  • Major William James Gordon Burns DSO (Canadian Field Artillery) is killed by a shell splinter while on a recon at age 28. He is the son of the Reverend Robert N Burns. The James Burns award is presented annually to a student with overall A standing in a Second Year which included 3.0 Science courses at the University of Toronto.
  • Major Denis St George Knox Boswell (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) dies of influenza in Greece at age 24. He is a former Cambridge Football Blue.
  • Major Percival Thomas Priestley (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed on Salonika at age 30. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Priestley Vicar of Albrighton.
  • Captain Francis Dobree McCrea (Royal Canadian Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the son of J McCrea, late Deputy Inspector General of Police, Jamaica.
  • Captain Richard Crawshay Bailey Partridge MC (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed in action near Havrincourt Wood at age 42. Ironically, one day short of the eighteenth anniversary of the death in action of his brother during a skirmish with the Boers in the South African War in the presence of his brother.
  • Lieutenant John Prosser (Black Watch) is killed at age 29. He is the son of ‘Sir’ John Prosser Writer to the Signet Edinburgh.
  • Lieutenant Wesley Williams Irvine (Manitoba Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend S O Irvine.
  • Lieutenant John Noble (Cameron Highlanders attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 30. He is a Master of Arts and Bachelor of Science at Glasgow University.
  • Lieutenant George Harvey Rochester MC (Central Ontario Regiment) is killed in action at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend W M Rochester DD.
  • Lieutenant Guy Triggs (Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) dies on service at home at age 29. His brother was killed in the Halifax explosion of December last year performing acts that won him the Albert Medal.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Augustine Buckmaster (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Charles John Buckmaster Vicar of Hindley.
  • Second Lieutenant Denis Godfrey Eagar (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in May 1915 and they are sons of Captain Edward Boaz Eagar who was killed on 23rd November 1899 at Belmont South Africa.
  • Chaplain William Henry Tomkins attached South Staffordshire Regiment is killed.
  • Private John Walsh (Scots Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 21 one day after his brother has been killed.
  • Private David John Stanley Hixson (Cheshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. His brother was killed in March 1915.
  • Private Francis Haraold Van Schepdael (Alberta Regiment) is killed in action at age 28. His brother was killed in April 1915.
  • Private Albert Arthur Taylor (East Kent Regiment) dies of wounds received near Peronne at age 19. His brother was killed in June 1916.
  • Private Oswald Gilbert Darling (Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend Charles B Darling.
  • Private John Nicholls (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 36. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Private John Herbert Carr (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. His brother was killed last December.
  • Private Herbert Smith Peters (Alberta Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother was killed in June 1916.
  • Private Maurice Pollack (Dorset Yeomanry) dies of wounds in Damascus at age 33. He is an accomplished child actor, best known for his performance at Little Lord Fauntleroy in which he first appeared at the Grand Birmingham. His biography will be written by Peter Farrar.

Friday 27 September 1918 We Lost 3,297

Captain William Henry Hubbard (Royal Air Force) while flying at altitudes between two and fifteen hundred feet engages and silences many anti-tank guns, thereby rendering valuable service.  He at the same time completes a detailed and accurate reconnaissance of the area, locating the position of our troops. Lieutenant Gerald Anderson and Second Lieutenant Thomas Sydney Chiltern (Royal Air Force) bring down a Fokker D VII at Lambersart.

Lieutenant James Edward Maddox MM (Cheshire Regiment) is instructing a class in throwing live bombs.  One of the men after withdrawing the pin from a Mills No V Mark 1 Grenade accidentally drops the grenade in the trench and then apparently through fright falls on it.  Lieutenant Maddox with great presence of mind immediately pulls the man off the grenade seizes it and throws it over the parapet where it explodes almost immediately saving the man’s life.  For his actions Lieutenant Maddox will be awarded the Albert Medal.

  • The highest scoring ace of 22 Royal Air Force is killed in action east of Cambrai along with observer who is also an ace. Captain Samuel Frederick Henry ‘Siffy’ Thompson MC DFC (Royal Air Force) is a thirty-victory ace while his observer
  • Lieutenant Thomas Clifford John Tolman is also killed at age 21. He is an eight-victory observer ace.
  • Lieutenant Gavin Black Motherwell McMurdo (Royal Air Force) is killed at home at age 19. His two brothers will both die on service in 1919.
  • Sergeant Thomas Proctor (Royal Air Force) an observer ace with five victories is killed in action when his BF2b is shot down near Abancourt by German ace Fritz Classen.

“Sanders Keep” is a German fortification two kilometers south west of Graincourt-Les-Havrincourt between the Hermies and Havrincourt roads. Today it is stormed by the Guards regiments. Among those killed in the battle is

  • Captain William Herbert Gladstone MC (Coldstream Guards) he is the son of the Reverend Stephen Edward Gladstone Rector of Barrowby and the grandson of the late Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
  • Second Lieutenant Alexander Grant (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 19. He is the son of Alexander Grant KC.

During this operation (part of Battle of Canal du Nord) Captain Cyril Hubert Frisby (Coldstream Guards) is detailed to capture a canal crossing but when the canal is reading the leading platoon comes under annihilating fire from a strong enemy post under the bridge on the far side of the canal. Captain Frisby with Lance Corporal Thomas Norman Jackson and two others climb down into the canal under intense fire and succeed in capturing the post with two machines and twelve men. They then give timely support to a company which has lost all its officers and sergeants, organizing the defences and beating off a heavy counter attack. Both men will be awarded the Victoria Cross, though Lance Corporal Jackson will be killed at age 21 during the operation.

At Flesquières, France, when his company is held up during the advance by heavy machine-gun fire, Corporal Thomas Patrick Neely VC (Lancaster Regiment) realising the seriousness of the situation, at once under point-blank fire, dashes out with two men and rushes the gun positions, disposing of the garrisons and capturing three machine-guns. Subsequently, on two occasions, he rushes concrete strong-points, killing or capturing the occupants. His actions enabled his company to advance 3,000 yards along the Hindenburg support line. For his actions today he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross as he is killed three days later in action at Rumilly-en-Cambrésis, just south of Cambrai, France.

Today’s losses include:

  • Royal Air Force ace
    • 30-victory ace
    • 8-victory ace
    • 5-victory ace
  • A grandson of the late Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
  • Multiple families that will lose two and three sons in the Great War
  • A family that will lose five sons in the Great War
  • A Victoria Cross winner
  • A General
  • A battalion commander
  • A man son will be born next year
  • The son of the Assistant Master of Eton College
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The grandson of a member of the clergy
  • The son of His Majesties Consul Athens
  • A England International and Olympic footballer
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • A man whose son will be killed in May 1940

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Brigadier General Gilbert Burrell Spencer Follett DSO MVO General Officer Commanding 3rd Guards Brigade Guards Division is killed in action at age 40.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Alexander Ross DSO (commanding 2nd Gordon Highlanders) is killed at age 38 by a shell while crossing the Piave in Italy.
  • Captain James Philip Crawford (Central Ontario Regiment) dies of wounds at age 33. He is the son of “the Honorable” Thomas Crawford.
  • Captain James Shuckburgh Carter (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 37. His son will be born next year while his younger brother will be killed next month. They are sons of the Assistant Master of Eton College and grandsons of the Reverend Thomas Thelluson Carter.
  • Captain Francis Geoffrey Eliot MC (Royal Marines Light Infantry) is killed at age 28. He is the last of three brothers who have been killed in the war.
  • Lieutenant Francis Rowlands Harker-Thomas (Central Ontario Regiment) is killed at age 32. His brother was killed in January 1917.
  • Lieutenant Percy Baglietto Cottrell MC (Royal Fusiliers attached General Staff) dies of wounds at Salonika at age 25. He is the son of His Majesties Consul Athens.
  • Lieutenant Joseph Dines (Liverpool Regiment) is killed by machine gun fire. He is well known as the “smiling footballer” who made his international debut for England versus Wales in 1910.  He also played international matches in the Olympics and for Millwall.
  • Lieutenant Arnold Oughtres Vick (Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at Epinoy at age 29. He is the son of Richard William Vick JP.
  • Lieutenant John Cecil Butler Prince (London Regiment) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend John Henry Prince Vicar of Braunton.
  • Lieutenant Charles Wilfred Eales (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Henry William Eales Vicar of Lewannick. Second Lieutenant Arthur Saunders Jones (Royal Air Force) is killed at age 18. His brother was killed last April and they are sons of the Reverend William Jones.
  • Second Lieutenant Howard Cross (London Regiment) is killed in action. His son will be killed in May 1940.
  • Second Lieutenant Archibald Hugh O’Farrell (Irish Guards) is killed at age 19. He is the only son of ‘Sir’ Edward O’Farrell KCB.
  • Corporal Arthur Norfield MM (Saskatchewan Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die on service in January 1919.
  • Corporal A George Hercock (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. His brother was killed in March of this year.
  • Gunner Andrew Walsh (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action one day before his brother is killed. The two official forms (B.104.82) containing the news of their deaths arrive at their parent’s home within one hour of each other.
  • Private William Munns (Sussex Regiment) dies of wounds received in action at age 24. His brother was killed in action in April 1915.
  • Rifleman Frank Woodhead Pogson (London Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. His brother was killed on the last day of March 1918.
  • Private Thomas Herbert Ingrey (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His older brother was killed in October 1916.
  • Private Reginald Cecil Stephen Rogers (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed by a shell explosion at age 27.
  • Private Arthur Henry Hammond (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother died of wounds in April of this year.
  • Private Walter Halverson (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed on the first day of the battle of the Somme.
  • Private Sydney Strike (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed on Salonika at age 23. His brother died on service with the Royal Naval Division in February 1915.
  • Private Lewis Wyndham Jarvis (British Columbia Regiment) is killed at age 38. He is a veteran of the South African War and is one of five brothers who are killed in the war.
  • Driver George Fred Wheeler (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 20. His brother was killed in October 1915.
  • Private Arthur Oakley (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed. His brother was killed last November.
  • Private Arthur Wyman (Alberta Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother was killed in June 1916.

Thursday 19 September 1918 We Lost 1,856

The 65th Brigade attacks the ‘Pip Ridge’ leading to another defeat with only half of the men returning alive. But the assault gains the town of Doiran and a few hills above it.

Sergeant Thomas Charles Benfield (Leicestershire Regiment) is killed by a sniper’s bullet at age 29.  He was a footballer who played for Leicester being made famous for being the first person to score a goal at Arsenal Stadium netting an early goal in Leicester’s 2-1 defeat at the hands of Arsenal in a Second Division match on 6 September 1913.  He was Leicester’s leading scorer in that season before moving on to Derby County where he helped them win the 1914 Second Division title.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Leiceter footballer
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Ronald Falconar-Stewart DSO (commanding 12th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 35. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Allan Armstrong DSO (commanding 1st/4th Wiltshire Regiment) is killed in Palestine at age 42.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Stephen Gibbons DSO (Middlesex Regiment commanding 7th Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 35. He is the son of ‘Sir’ William KCB and Lady Gibbons.
  • Major Frederick William Scougal MC (Cameronians) is killed in Greece at age 34 one day after his brother was killed in Belgium. They are sons of HM Senior Chief Inspector of Training Colleges Scotland.
  • Captain Ronald Alexander Murray (Royal Scots Fusiliers) dies on active service in Greece at age 24. His brother was killed in September 1916.
  • Second Lieutenant Kenneth Curling Doddrell (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed in Palestine. He is the son of the Reverend Curling Finzel Doddrell Rector of English Bicknor.
  • Second Lieutenant Edward Gerald Palmer Fenn (Welsh Fusiliers attached Essex Regiment) is killed by a sniper at age 24 at Kefe Kasim Palestine. He is the son of Dr. Edward Leveing Fenn JP.
  • Private James McKee (Border Regiment) is killed at age 28. His brother was killed in August 1915 on Gallipoli.
  • Private Albert Bert Goodman (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 18. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Private Arthur Vincent E Moxey (Dorsetshire Regiment) dies of wounds at age 19. His brother was killed in April 1916.
  • Private John Rayner Williams (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend John Williams Rector of St Margaret’s Port of Spain Trinidad.

Wednesday 18 September 1918 We Lost 2,731

                 Ernest Bristow Farrar

The 22nd and 26th Division in Salonika attack ‘Pip Ridge’ and the Grand-Couronne.  The first assault is carried out with the support from a Cretan Division of the Greek army.  As the the British are advancing up the hills they are caught in a crossfire coming from the slopes and driven back with heavy losses.  The 12th Cheshire Regiment leads the attack on ‘Pip Ridge’.  From the bunkers on the hills machine guns open fire with a horrific effect on the allies but those that survive continue on and capture the first two Bulgarian trenches. But by this stage the attack has become a massacre and those that remain alive are going on to almost certain death.

  • Lieutenant Colonel ‘the Honorable’ Arthur Reginald Clegg-Hill DSO (commanding 12th Cheshire Regiment) is killed in action when his battalion is annihilated by the Bulgars at Pip Ridge, Doiran, Macedonia at age 41. He is the son of Rowland Clegg-Hill the 3rd Viscount Hill. He served during the Boer War with the Cheshire Regiment, which regiment he rejoined during the Great War, commanding the 12th Battalion for two and a half years.
  • Captain Charles Henry Vigors MC (Cheshire Regiment) is killed in action. His brother was killed in September 1916.

While this is happening the South Wales Borderers have reached ‘Grand Couronné’ which is the last line of defense. The bravery of the Welsh is extreme, they charge up the hill trying to get over the defenses of the ‘Grand Couronné’ only to be cut down. Of the entire battalion only one officer and eighteen men make it back to the camp

South east of Havrincourt during an enemy counter-attack and throughout an extremely intense enemy barrage Second Lieutenant Frank Edward Young (Hertfordshire Regiment) visits all posts warning the garrisons and encouraging the men.  In the early stages of the attack he rescues two of his men who have been captured and bombs and silences an enemy machine gun.  Although surrounded by the enemy Lieutenant Young fights his way back to the main barricade and drives out a party of the enemy who are assembling there.  Throughout four hours of intense hand-to-hand fighting he displays great valor and devotion to duty setting an example to his company. He is last seen fighting hand to hand against a considerable number of the enemy. For his actions this day Second Lieutenant Young will awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

Second Lieutenant Ernest Bristow Farrar (Devonshire Regiment) composer, pianist and organist is killed in action at age 33. He was the music teacher of Gerald Finzi who wrote ‘Requiem de Camera’ is his memory while Frank Bridge dedicated his famous Piano Sonata to his memory. He is the son of the Reverend C D Farrar.  Despite his short life, Farrar wrote a large body of music for orchestra, voices and organ. His works include The Blessed Damozel, the Celtic Suite and his song cycle, Vagabond Songs. However, apart from a few songs his works are now rarely performed.  Farrar’s death affected the young Finzi deeply, and from the very beginning, most of his music was elegiac in tone.

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • The son of a Viscount
  • The son of a Baronet
  • Multiple families that will lose two and three sons in the Great War
  • Multiple Victoria Cross winners
  • A composer, pianist and organist
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
  • A Military Chaplain
  • A schoolmaster
  • A Bradford City footballer

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Basil Frederick Bishop (commanding 9th South Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 39.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alec Graham Scougal MC (commanding 17th Royal Scots) is killed at age 30. He is the son of Andew E Scougal (His Majesties Senior Chief Inspector of Training Colleges, Scotland) and his brother will be killed tomorrow.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Reginald Thomas Collins DSO (commanding #17 Field Ambulance Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed in action at age 38.
  • Major Harry Reginald Curtis (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 31 in Greece. He has two brothers that are also killed in the Great War.
  • Captain William Ernest Bott (Royal Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 25. His brother was killed in April 1917 and another brother will die on service in Basra in August 1920.
  • Captain Cecil Hugh Jones (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 31 on Salonika. He is the son of the Baronet ‘Sir’ Evan Davaies Jones JP.
  • Captain Ernest Hesketh Harrison (East Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend R B Harrison.
  • Captain Norman Alfred Hughes (Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 30. He is the son of the Bishop of Llandaff.
  • Lieutenant Alfred Reginald Brownson (Welsh Regiment) is killed near the Grand Couronne, Salonika at age 31. He is the son of George Brownson JP.
  • Captain Archibald Douglas Hewitt Clark-Kennedy (Scots Fusiliers) is killed at age 30. His brother was killed in April 1917 and they are sons of the Honorable Mrs. Clark-Kennedy.
  • Lieutenant Edward Vernon Staley (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Vernon Staley Canon of Inverness and Rector of Ickford.
  • Lieutenant Edward Russell Stapylton Bree (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend Edward Henry Bree Rector of Stow Marys.
  • Lieutenant and Bombing Officer George Henry Keating (Cambridgeshire Regiment attached Middlesex Regiment) is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the late Canon J F Keating DD.
  • Lieutenant Mervyn Holmes Watkins (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action in Salonika at age 25. He is one of seven brothers who serve in the Great War, three of whom are killed.
  • Second Lieutenant Ernest Bristow Farrer (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend C D Farrer.
  • Second Lieutenant Philip Gillespie Bainbrigge (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 27. He is the son of Prebendary Philip Thomas Bainbrigge.
  • Second Lieutenant Cecil Alexander Gordon Fitch (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 19. He is the only son of ‘Sir’ Cecil Fitch KCB.
  • Chaplain the Reverend J Fitzgibbon MC (attached Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed in action.
  • Second Lieutenant Ernest Bristowe Farrar (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son the Reverend Charles Druce Farrar Vicar of Micklefield.
  • Sergeant Arthur James Ayres DCM MM (East Kent Regiment) is killed at age 27. His brother was killed last October.
  • Sergeant G E Radford MM (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed in action at age 39. He is a schoolmaster.
  • Lance Corporal Francis Adolphus Hamilton Browne (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 20. He is the son of Austin Hamilton Browne JP.
  • Lance Corporal Charles Edgar Ford (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. An older brother was killed last November and their older brother will die of war service next May.
  • Private Arthur Werndly (Australian Infantry) is killed in action at age 34. His brother was killed the previous month.
  • Private Ernest Barber (East Kent Regiment) is killed in action at age 18. His brother was killed in April 1917.
  • Private George Willmott (Sherwood Foresters) is killed in action near Lechelle at age 22. His brother will die in December 1919 of an illness contracted on service during the Great War.
  • Private Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney (Eastern Ontario Regiment) dies of wounds received in action at age 25. Two weeks earlier he performed acts that will win him the Victoria Cross.
  • Private William Johnson (Shropshire Light Infantry) dies of wounds at age 24. His brother died of dysentery on service in October 1915.
  • Private Archibald Carmichael (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) is killed at age 32. His brother was killed in October 1915.
  • Private Sydney Robert Jary DCM (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. He was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for saving the life of a soldier on this day during which he received his fatal wound.
  • Private George Draycott (Lincolnshire Regiment) dies of wounds at age 30. He played for the Bradford City Football Club.
  • Sapper Robert S Miller (Royal Engineers) dies of wounds. His brother was killed in March 1917.
  • Private Richard Mason (York and Lancashire Regiment) is killed. His brother died of illness in October 1917.
  • Private William J Pink (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother died on service in January 1917.
  • Private Edmund Harold Lowndes (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Edmund A T Lowndes.
  • Private James Richard Bond (East Kent Regiment) is killed at age 35. His brother was killed in August 1916.
  • Private Walter Whiteman (East Kent Regiment) is killed in action as the third brother to be killed in the war.
  • Gunner James Haxton Foster Chambers (Australian Field Artillery) is killed at age 28. He is the son of the Reverend Charles James Chambers Vicar of Smithtown New South Wales.
  • Private John William Caton (Army Service Corps) dies of pneumonia at age 48. His brother was killed last March.
  • Private William Percy Hatch (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed on Salonika. His brother was killed last April.
  • Private Lewis Southwell (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the war.

Tuesday 17 September 1918 We Lost 657

Oswald Massey Samson

Today’s losses include:

  • A First Class cricketer for Somerset
  • A Great Britain International footballer
  • A 7-victory ace
  • A man whose brother was killed in April 1917
  • A man whose uncle was lost in January 1917

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Charles Young Adamson (Royal Scots Fusiliers) is killed in Greece at age 43. He played four football matches for Great Britain on their Australian tour in 1899, but never for England, his home country.
  • Lieutenant Oswald Massey Samson (Royal Garrison Artillery) dies of wounds at age 37. He is first class cricketer for Somerset from 1900 to 1013.
  • Lieutenant Harold Toulmin MC (Loyal North Lancashire Regiment attached Royal Air Force) is killed in action at age 21 when his Sopwith Camel is shot down west of Bourlon Wood. He has previously served at Gallipoli and at Mesopotamia and lost a leg at the latter place and transferred to the Royal Flying Corps.
  • Second Liuetennt Richard Frank Hill MC (Royal Air Force) dies of appendicitis at age 19. He is a 7-victory ace.
  • Private Percy Sidney Doubleday (Essex Regiment) is killed at age 18. His brother was killed in April 1917.
  • Private Andrew Hill Rule MM (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) is killed in action. His uncle was lost in the sinking of the troopship Ivernia in January 1917.