Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: Achi Baba

Saturday 1 May 1915 – We Lost 626

Victoria Cross

Victoria Cross

History records the first repulse of a gas attack. The men who defeat it are the men of the British 15th Brigade (5th Division) by sheer courage and determination. If any single unit can be singled out, it is the 1st Dorsetshire Regiment, who maintain rapid fire from their trench, ignoring the gas swirling around them; for this they pay a price. Ninety men dead of gas poisoning in the trenches, 207 more admitted to dressing stations, of which 46 die almost immediately, and twelve more after long suffering. Out of 2,413 British gas cases admitted to hospital during this period, 277 die.  After the repulse of the German attack on Hill 60, British forces are ordered to withdraw to a new line.

Private Edward Warner (Bedfordshire Regiment) is awarded the Victoria Cross for most conspicuous bravery near Hill 60. After Trench 46 has been vacated by our troops consequent to the gas attack, Private Warner enters it alone in order to prevent the enemy from taking possession.  Re-enforcements are sent to Private Warner but cannot reach him owing to the gas. He then comes back and brings up more men, by which time he is completely exhausted but the trench is held until the enemy attack ceases. This very gallant soldier dies shortly afterwards from the effects of gas poisoning.

A small battle takes place in the North Sea in which the Trawler Columbia (Lieutenant Commander Walter Hawthorn killed) is sunk with a loss of all seventeen crew members except one. The German torpedo boats A2 and A6 are also sunk by British destroyers in the North Sea.  The destroyer Recruit (Commander C A Wrightson, survives) is torpedoed by UB-6 off the Galloper light.  The ship sinks causing forty-three casualties. There are twenty-six survivors.

Navigation resumes between England and Holland.

Turkish forces, 16,000 strong, attack the entire Allied line on the Gallipoli peninsula.  The attacks are futile and the Turks are driven back. Lieutenant Colonel Richard Nelson Bendyshe (commanding Deal Battalion, Royal Marines) the grandnephew of Lord Horatio Nelson is killed.  The Colonel, visiting a section of his trenches, is shot by his own men, who in a fit of spy mania, kill him, wound three others, and slightly bayonet Colonel McNicoll.

The 1st/5th Royal Scots come under heavy bombardment.  During the night the enemy attack and the Turks break through the first line of trenches and come rushing down the gully, but then are met by the battalion with fixed bayonets. Captain D C McLagan restores the situation with a brilliant counter-attack.

The Lusitania leaves New York’s Pier 54 on its final voyage.  The cargo is entered on the manifest as foodstuffs, metal rods, ingots and boxes of cartridges.  Controversy concerning the true nature of the cargo will persist for many years.

Submarine E14 sinks the Turkish gunboat Nurelbahr in the Sea of Marmora.

Lieutenant James Cheetham (Royal Marines) is awarded the Distinguished Service Cross as he conducts himself with gallantry during operations south of Achi Baba.  When the enemy in strength of about a battalion attack an outpost of thirty men under Lieutenant Cheetham he calls for two volunteers and dashes out to a flank under very heavy fire into the open, bringing rapid fire to bear on the enemy and thus checks the attack and saves the outpost.  Private C J Braddock (Royal Marines) is awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal as one of the volunteers in this action.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Victoria Cross winner
  • Two battalion commanders
  • A grand nephew of Lord Horatio Nelson
  • A man accidentally shot by his own men
  • The son of a Baronet
  • An Otago football player
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons
  • A family that will three sons

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

  •  Lieutenant Colonel Robert Ouseley Cuthbert Hume (commanding 1st Border Regiment) dies of wounds on Gallipoli at age 48.
  • Captain John Cockburn Jessop Teague (Portsmouth Royal Marines) is killed at age 34. His brother will be killed in October 1915 and they are sons of Chaplain of the Collegiate Church Crediton the Reverend John Jessop Teague.
  • Captain Perceval Christian Chapman (Mountain Battery Royal Artillery) dies of wounds in Alexandria received 25 April at Gallipoli at age 31. He is the son of the Reverend Theodore Charles Chapman Vicar of Langley and he has two brothers who will be killed over the next two years.
  • Lieutenant Herbert George Ferguson Davie (Royal Marines) is killed at age 42. His brother will die of wounds next April and they are sons of ‘Sir’ William Augustus Ferguson Davie 3rd
  • Private Ambrose Alphonsus Falconer (Otago Infantry) is killed. He is a well-know Otago football wing and forward who played versus Canterbury and Southland in 1908.
  • Private Walter Silcox (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 28. His brother was lost when HMS Aboukir was sunk last September.
  • Private Henry Raymond Fisher (Montreal Regiment) is killed at age 32. His brother will be killed in August 1917.

Wednesday 28 April 1915 – We Lost 686

John Lionel Calvert Booth

In the second battle of Ypres the German offensive is stopped.

Hunter-Weston attacks the Turkish lines in front of Krithia, under Achi, with the 29th Division on the left (87th Brigade left, 88th right, 86th in reserve), and the French 1st Division on the right, with the 2nd South Wales Borderers on the French right.  Although by mid-morning, with the aid of naval gunfire from Queen Elizabeth, the British actually reach the slopes of Achi Baba, the 29th having been so badly mauled in the landings that a spirited Turkish counter attack, drives them off.  Even the first British objective, the village of Krithia, only four miles from the landing beaches, proves an impossible objective: of the 14,000 men who attack this day, 3,000 are killed or wounded. The converted tramp steamer Manica, being used as the base for a Kite Balloon spotter on Gallipoli, directs naval fire that silences two field batteries while destroying several guns.

There are skirmishes east of the Suez Canal.

A German force is defeated at Gibeon, German South West Africa.

The two monitors, Severn and Mersey, are dispatched from Malta, where they have been sent in anticipation of being used in the Dardanelles campaign, and hauled by tugs 5,000 miles through the Suez Canal, into the Red Sea, and south along the African coast.

Today’s losses include:

  • An artist and war correspondent
  • A man whose two sons will be killed in the Second World War
  • A man whose father will be killed later in the Great War
  • A man whose son will be killed later in the Great War
  • A Battalion Commander
  • The brother of a General
  • The son of a General
  • The brother of a Baronet
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • The son of a member of the clergy
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

  •  Lieutenant John Lionel Calvert Booth (Australian Infantry) dies of wounds at age 38. He is a talented artist who, as a child, illustrated and wrote stories.  He was educated at Forest School, Epping Forest Essex and went on to become a war correspondent for, among others, Punch. In the Boer War, a photo exists of him on-board a ship en-route to South Africa, along with a young Winston Churchill.  He illustrated a number of publications and had a few books of his own published – he loved to draw hunting scenes, which had formed a large part of his childhood, as both his parents were keen hunters. He also had a very keen sense of humor which shines through in both his writing and illustrations.  He married Margaret ‘Daisy’ Dockerill also a talented artist in 1905, and they had two sons John Calvert and Arthur Frank, both of whom will to die in The Second World War. Booth covered the Balkans conflict, for Punch, from 1912 to 1913, after which he and his family immigrated to Western Australia in 1914. He had only been there for 9 months when The First World War broke out and he enlisted in the Australian Infantry. Among his possessions listed as being returned to his wife was his beloved banjo which went everywhere with him.
  •  Colonel Augustus David Geddes (commanding 2nd East Kent Regiment) is killed at age 48. His brother will die on service after the Armistice as a Brigadier General.
  • Major George Cecil Brooke (Border Regiment) is killed in action at age 44. He is the son of the late Brigadier General Henry Brooke. He was educated at Wellington College and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. He served in the Wazirstan Expedition of 1895, the Malakand Expedition 1897-8, the Siege of Tientsin and the relief of Peking during the Boxer Rebellion and is qualified as a Chinese Interpreter.
  • Major Aeneas Charles Perkins (Pathans) is killed at age 43. He is the son of General ‘Sir’ Aeneas Perkins KCB.
  • Captain William Duncan Hepburn (Seaforth Highlanders attached Royal Scots) is killed on Gallipoli. His brother was killed in November 1914.
  • Captain Claude Apsinall Wythes (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 29. He is the son of Francis Aspinall JP.
  • Captain Alexander Murray McGregor Bell (Scots Fusiliers) dies of wounds in London received last month. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
  • Captain Alan Arthur Fowler (Cameron Highlanders) is killed by a shell at age 28. His only brother the 3rd Baronet will be killed in June of this year and they are the grandsons of ‘Sir’ John Fowler engineer of the Forth Bridge and ‘Sir” Edward Clive Bayley KCSI. Captain Fowler married Alice Mary youngest daughter of ‘Sir’ Charles Bayley GCIE Lieutenant Governor of Bihar and Orissa. Captain Fowler received his Commission in 1907, joining his battalion in South Africa and accompanying it to China and India. He returned to England in November 1914 and three weeks later left with his Regiment for France. At this time he acted as Transport Officer and was afterwards on the Staff of his Brigadier. By the middle of April the greater portion of his brother-officers have been killed, wounded, or invalided home, and when his battalion is sent to the relief of other troops on Hill 60, he is in command of B Company, which occupied the front trench on the lip of a huge crater 40 feet deep, formed by the explosion of a mine.
  • Sub Lieutenant Jeffreys Ivor Jones-Parry (HMS Wolverine, Royal Naval Reserve) is killed in action at sea. His father will be killed as a Major in Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry in July.
  • Second Lieutenant James Cartmell Dennison Brown (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Frank and Lady Brown.
  • Petty Officer 2nd Class Richard Dale (HMS Canopus) dies of wounds during the battle of Krithia at age 49. His son will be killed in March 1916.
  • Corporal Benjamin Anderson (Seaforth Highlanders) a veteran of the South Africa War is killed. His brother will be killed in August 1917.
  • Sergeant Cedric Hasledine Collisson (British Columbia Regiment) is killed at age 27. He is the son of the Reverend Sydney Garbertt Collisson Vicar of Bradford.
  • Private Anthony Byrne (Leinster Regiment) is killed in action two days after his brother was also killed.
  • Private George Litchfield (East Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed on HMS Tartar in June 1917.
  • Private James McIntosh (Central Ontario Regiment) dies of wounds at age 25. His brother will be killed in the same regiment in June 1916.
  • Private Peter Christensen (Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will also be killed in the Great War.