Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

Thursday 12 November 1914 – We Lost 342

Seal of Harvard University

Seal of Harvard University

Army Order # 480 approves the addition to each Division of a motor machine gun battery to be designated a unit of the Royal Field Artillery and known as the Motor Machine Gun Service.

A reconnaissance in force from Sanniyeh inflicts losses on the Turks near Saihan. In spite of poor conditions including thick dust, mud and heat the remainder of Force D is landed.

 Today’s losses include:

  •  Victoria Cross winner
  • A General
  • Son of a General
  • Son of a Baronet
  • Stepson of the Director of the Canadian Pacific Railway
  • Grandson of clergy
  • Grandson of a Justice of the Peace
  • A man whose twin brother was killed on service last century
  • Son of the 5th Earl of Cadogan
  • Grandson of the 1st Earl of Munster
  • Nephew of a man who died of wounds in the Crimean War
  • The first graduate of an American University killed in the Great War
  • Son of the President of the Blackheath Harriers
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

Brigadier General Charles FitzClarence VC General Officer commanding the 1st Guards Brigade is killed in action at age 49. He was awarded the Victoria Cross at Mafeking on the 14 October 1899 during the South African War. His twin brother was killed in 1897-8 at Abu-Hamed and they are sons of Captain ‘the Honorable’ George FitzClarence Royal Navy the 3rd son of the 1st Earl of Munster. Another son of the 1st Earl died of wounds received in the attack on Redan in the Crimea. Brigadier General FitzClarence is also the son-in-law of the 6th Duke of Marlborough. He is also the father of the 6th Earl of Munster.

  •  Major ‘the Honorable’ William George Sidney CadoganMVO (Hussars attached General Staff) is killed at age 35.  He is son of the 5th Earl Cadogan KG and served in the South African War and was Equerry to H R H Prince of Wales from 1912 to 1914 and his Aide de Campe during his India tour of 1905-6.
  • Major Thomas Philip Godman-Dorington(Dragoons) is killed at age 37. He is the son of the late Major General Richard Temple Godman and a veteran of the South African War.
  • Captain Keith Bethune Mackenzie (Seaforth Highlanders attached Gordon Highlanders) is killed at age 34. A veteran of the South African War he is the grandson of the Reverend Neil Bethune.
  • Captain Duncan Collisson Willey Thomas (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 23. He is the son of A P Thomas the 1st
  • Lieutenant George Williamson (Duke of Wellington’s Regiment) dies of wounds received four days prior at age 31. He is the son of Lady Skinner and stepson of ‘Sir’ Thomas Skinner Director of the Canadian Pacific Railway. A Graduate of Harvard in 1905 he is the first graduate of an American University to be killed in the War.
  • Lieutenant Denis Duncan Philby (Dublin Fusiliers attached Munster Fusiliers) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed in May 1916.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles Alexander Kenneth Anderson (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 21. He is the grandson of Charles Edward Tuck JP.
  • Second Lieutenant Francis Pepys DSO (Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed at age 23. His brother was killed last August.
  • Private James Thomas Stanley (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in August 1918.
  • Private Bartlett Cecil Elmes (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 31. His brother will be killed next May.
  • Private Tom Crafter (London Scottish) is killed. His brother will be killed in July 1917 and they are sons of the president of the Blackheath Harriers.

Photo from wikipedia.org

Tuesday 10 November 1914 – We Lost 296

Club House at the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews

Club House at the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews

Lieutenant John Peake Knight (Royal Field Artillery) consistently shows conspicuous gallantry in assisting infantry. For his actions especially on this day he will be awarded the Distinguished Service Order. Lieutenant Knight will be killed in action in August 1916 at age 26.

In what is believed to be an act of vengeance against an unpopular sergeant by a disgruntled soldier, a live hand grenade is thrown at a Royal Flying Corps lorry at St. Omer. The lorry does not blow up but the explosion wounds five men one of whom later dies in hospital. A court of inquiry is held, but the matter is never explained and the bomb thrower is never found.

Today’s losses include:

  • The first member of the House of Lords to fall in the Great War
  • 5th Baron Congleton
  • Son of the 7th Duke of Richmond and Gordon
  • A man whose widow will be killed in the Blitz in 1944
  • Battalion commander
  • A Member of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews
  • Multiple examples of families that will lose two and three sons
  • Brother-in-law killed
  • Nephew of a man who will be killed tomorrow
  • Cousin of a man previously killed
  • Son of a General
  • Grandson of a General
  • Great grandson of a General
  • Grandson of a Baronet
  • Son-in-law of a Baronet
  • Grandson of a participant in the Charge at Balaclava

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

Captain William Alexander Henderson (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 37 in Ploegsteert Wood. He is the son of Alexander Edward Henderson the Advocate Sheriff Substitute of Edinburgh and the Lothians. He received his commission in February 1900 and served previously in the South African Campaign. He is a keen cricketer and an exceptionally good golfer member of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews. In 1909 at the Amateur Championship Meeting at Muirfield he defeated the American amateur champion Jerome Travers, winner of the United States Amateur four times before the war. Travers will become only the second amateur to win the U S Open when he wins it next year.

  •  Major ‘Lord’ Bernard Charles Gordon-Lennox (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 36. He is the son of the 7th Duke of Richmond and Gordon and he served in the South African War. His widow will be killed during an air raid on London on 18 June 1944 at age 66.
  • Major Harold Herny Norman (commanding 1st Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 46.
  • Captain John Francis Hodgkinson (Dragoon Guards) dies of wounds at age 35. He is related to Edward Hodgkinson JP.
  • Captain William Charles Rait KerrDSO (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 28. His brother will be killed next May. They are grandsons of Major General Hutchinson CB.
  • Captain Thomas Cecil de Trafford (Royal Fusiliers) dies of wounds received in action. He is the son-in-law of ‘Sir’ Joseph Edward Radcliffe 4th Baronet and the first grandson of the late ‘Sir’ Humphrey de Trafford, the Baronet, to die in the Great War. His brother will be killed in September 1915.
  • Lieutenant Albert Tyler (Royal Engineers) is killed at age 21. He is the grandson of ‘Sir’ H W Tyler MP and the great grandson of General ‘Sir’ C W Pasley KCB. His uncle will be killed tomorrow at the same place also serving in the Royal Engineers.
  • Lieutenant ‘the Right Honorable’ Henry Bligh Fortesque Parnell (Grenadier Guards) 5th Baron Congleton is killed at Ypres at age 24 becoming the first member of the House of Lords to lose his life in the Great War. His brother will be killed in September 1916. They are sons of the late 4th Baron Major General Henry Parnell and distant cousins of Irish Policitan Charles Stewart Parnell.
  • Lieutenant Michael George Stocks(Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 21 just short of one month after his cousin has been killed.  He is the grandson of Colonel ‘Sir’ Richard Ellison and Major Stocks who took part in the charge at Balaclava and as a thank offering his family built the Church of St. Mary’s Halifax.
  • Corporal Lewis Waters (Leinster Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother will die on service in India in November 1918.
  • Lance Corporal Samuel Whiteman (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the first of three brothers who will be killed in the War.
  • Private James Joseph Mallyon (Duke of Wellington’s Regiment) dies of wounds at age 39. His stepbrother drowned on service in August while his brother will be killed in July 1917.
  • Private Robert Kilpatrick(Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders) is killed. His brother-in-law will be killed in December of this year.

Wednesday 21 October 1914 – We Lost 818 (Plus 1)

Mr Punch and the footballer

A Punch cartoon, later made into a poster, shows Mr. Punch saying to a professional football player, “No doubt you can make money on this field, my friend, but there’s only one field today where you can get honor”.

On this morning British and French cavalry at Passchendaele, on a ridge midway between Ypres and Roulers, leave the village and fall back towards Ypres.  They have not been attacked, but seek the greater security of proximity to the larger town. Both sides begin to dig trenches, linking them in a continuous line, with machine gun emplacements, dugouts, communication trenches leading to the rear and saps going forward as close as possible to the enemy front line.  The trench lines established in the Ypres Salient become the scene over the next four years of the harshest fighting of any war in history. The Irish Guards are given the orders to “drive back the enemy wherever met”.

The first Battle of Langemark begins. It will last for four days.

In heavy fighting at Le Maisnil, the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders and the Middlesex Regiment are forced to retire this evening leaving on the field eight officers and men who will be buried the following day by the enemy. Captain Edward Stephen Gibbons (Middlesex Regiment) displays great coolness and zeal in action at La Maisnil during what is described as a serious emergency.  For his actions he will be awarded the DSO.  He will be killed in September 1918.

The operation to capture Edea has scarcely commenced when a whaler belonging to the Nigerian Government Yacht Ivy capsizes on a sandbar in the Njong River, drowning the superintendent of the Nigeria Marine, Commander George Smith Booth Gray (HMS Cumberland, Royal Naval Reserve), Lieutenant Herbert Alexander Child CMG (HMS Cumberland, Royal Navy) is also killed at age 44.  He is the son of the Reverend Alfred Child also killed is a French staff officer and one of the nine native soldiers on board. The lifeboat of the steamship Fullah is immediately launched and succeeds in rescuing Captain Cyril T M Fuller and the remaining eight natives. Captain Fuller is pulled exhausted from the surf after struggling valiantly to save the others.

Today’s losses include:

  • Great grandson of the Defender of Fort Detroit in the War of 1763 against the Indians
  • Grandson of a Victoria Cross winner
  • Sons of clergy
  • Grandson of a member of the clergy
  • Son-in-law of a member of the clergy
  • Son of a General
  • Grandson of a General
  • Heir to the 5th Viscount Monck
  • Son-in-law of a Baronet
  • Multiple members of the Marylebone Cricket Club
  • Son of families that will lose another son in the Great War
  • Man whose brother will be killed in the Second World War
  • Grandson of a Judge
  • A man whose father was killed in the Soudan
  • Son of Justice of the Peace

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

Lieutenant Gladwyn Maurice Revell Turbutt (Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed at age 31. He is the son of William Gladwin Turbutt JP and great grandson of General Henry Gladwyn Defender of Fort Detroit Canada in the War of 1763 against the Indians.

 

  • Major Nigel Lucius Samuel Lysons(Royal Lancaster Regiment) is killed in action at age 38. He is the son of the late Canon Samuel Lysons Vicar of Rowsley and served in the South African War.
  • Major Charles Inglis Stockwell(Seaforth Highlanders) dies of wounds received 20 October at age 38.  He is the son of General C M Stockwell CB and he served in the Nile Campaign of 1898.
  • Captain ‘the Honorable’ Charles Henry Stanley Monck(Coldstream Guards) is killed in action at age 37. He is the son and heir of the 5th Viscount Monck. He had served previously in the South African War. He is the son-in-law of ‘Sir’ William Wyndham Portal 2nd Baronet and he is a member of the MCC.
  • Captain S G Roe(Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at age 39.  His widow will marry Lord Gravers.
  • Lieutenant Anthony Gerald Malpas Robertsof the same Regiment is killed at age 19.  He was the “Victor Ludorum” three years in succession at Ardingly College, Sussex.
  • Captain William Miles DSO (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 38. He served in the South African War and is a member of the MCC, the I Zinjari and the Free Foresters.
  • Captain Penry Bruce Lendon MVO (Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 31. He is the grandson of the Reverend W P Lendon and son-in-law of the Reverend Canon Richardson Vicar of Northop Flints.
  • Captain John Ralph Mylton Thornycroft (Royal West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 30. His brother was killed last month.
  • Captain Cameron O’Bryen Harford Methuen (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 38. He is related to Field Marshall Methuen GCB and served in the South African War.
  • Captain Allan Humphrey Harden (Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed when shot in the head at age 33. He is the grandson of Judge Harden of Cheshire and General Atkinson of the Madras Army. His wife is the granddaughter of John Howe JP DL and a cousin of the Right Honorable Lord Musketry.
  • Captain William Miles Kington (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 38. His brother will die on service at home in September 1943.
  • Captain Arthur Howell Romilly (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed at age 37. His brother will be killed next September and he is the son of Captain Francis J Romilly Royal Engineers who was killed in Soudan at Trofek. He is also a descendant of ‘Sir’ Samuel Somilly Solicitor General and law reformer of the early 19th He served in the South African War.
  • Captain Daniel George Harold Auchinleck (Inniskilling Fusiliers) is killed at age 37. He is the only son of Major Thomas Auchinleck DL and played cricket for the Winchester XI in 1894 & 1895 against Eton.
  • Captain Logan Deare Passy (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed at age 33. His brother will be killed in August next year.
  • Lieutenant Henry Stanley Lowe(Worcestershire Regiment) dies of wounds in Paris received over a month ago on the Aisne at age 24. He is a son of the late Reverend E J Lowe Vicar of Stallingborough.
  • Lieutenant Christopher Fowler Murphy (Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Richard William Murphy Canon of Tuam.
  • Lieutenant Theodore Prain(Leicestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of Lieutenant Colonel ‘Sir’ David Prain, CMG, CIE and Lady Prain.
  • Second Lieutenant Theodore Hugh Galton (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother will be killed in April 1917 and they are grandsons of Major General ‘Sir’ Henry Hugh Clifford VC.
  • Second Lieutenant Horace Holmes Watkins (South Wales Borderers) is killed at age 23. His brother will die of wounds next February.
  • Second Lieutenant William Woodthorpe Barnard-Smith (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend Barnard Gooh Barnard-Smith Rector of North Cove.
  • Second Lieutenant Leonard Amauri Filleul(Somerset Light Infantry attached Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry) is killed when he is shot in the chest at age 26. He is the Master at Monkton Combe School, Bath and had rowed in the winning Oxford trial eights in 1910.  He is also the Secretary of the Lincoln College Boat Club and the son of the Reverend Philip William Girdlestone Filleul, Rector of Devizes Wiltsire.
  • Second Lieutenant Reginald Fydell Walker (Manchester Regiment) dies of wounds received the previous day. He is the son the Reverend David Walker Vicar of Darlington and nephew of General J T Walker Royal Engineers the Surveyor General of India.
  • Private Lionel Vernon Brown (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will die of wounds at home in July 1916.
  • Private Joseph Dowing Lake (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother James will also lose his life in the war.
  • Private William Turner (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. His brother Walter John will be killed in the Great War.
  • Private John Banks (West Surrey Regiment) is killed. His brother Richard will be killed in one week.
  • Private John Charles Howell (Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. His brother Arthur will also be killed in the war.
  • Private Lewis Pelgrena Mazzei (South Wales Borderers) is killed at age 30. His brother will be killed in May 1917 and they are the only Mazzei to lose their lives in the service of King and Country in the Great War.

The Plus 1 is Hungarian Gymnast Arpad Pedery who was a member of the Silver medal winning Men’s Team European System Gymnastics team at he 1912 Olympics.