Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: Hill 10

Tuesday 10 August 1915 – We Lost 1,569

Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley

Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley

At 03:00 the 38th Brigade 13th Division is heavily attacked by the enemy and subjected to severe rifle fire at Chunuk Bair.  This attack is beaten back.  At 05:00 the enemy delivers another attack and succeeds in driving our troops back on the right flank for a short distance.  The position they take renders it impossible to hold on to the hill above “The Farm” and the brigade is forced to retire. Just before retiring Brigadier General Anthony Hugh Baldwin, General Officer Commanding 38th Infantry Brigade 13th Division is killed at age 51.

From the Suvla landing the 53rd (Welsh) Division attacks Scimitar Hill, suffering heavy casualties.

Hill 10 is taken by the 9th Lancashire Fusiliers and 11th Manchester Regiment early in the morning.

Today’s losses include:

  • A potential Nobel Prize winner in physics
  • A General
  • The son of a General
  • The grandson of a General
  • Six battalion commanders
  • The son of a Judge of the Supreme Court in South Africa
  • The father of the 9th Baron Langford
  • The son of the 2nd Lord Glanusk
  • The son of a Baronet
  • The grandson of a Baronet
  • A Justice of the Peace
  • Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
  • A Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer
  • The son of a former Member of Parliament
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • Multiple men who will have a brother killed in the Great War
  • The brother of a future Rear Admiral
  • Three men who will have sons lose their lives on service in the Second World War
  • A man whose nephew will be killed in July 1917

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

Second Lieutenant Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley (Royal Engineers) is killed in action at Gallipoli when he is shot through the head by a sniper at age 27.  He is the discoverer of the “Law of Moseley in physics” and his obituary will be published in German newspapers.  Many have speculated that he would have been awarded the Nobel Prize for his work with the quantitative justification of the concept of atomic number in Moseley’s law, advanced chemistry and provided independent support for the Bohr model of the Rutherford/Antonius Van den Broek nuclear atom containing positive nuclear charge equal to atomic number.  It is because of Moseley’s death in the War that the British and many other world governments begin a policy of no longer allowing their scientists to enlist for combat.

  • Lieutenant Colonel Mervyn Henry Nunn (commanding 9th Worcestershire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 50. He served on the Nile in 1897 and in the South Africa War.  Colonel Nunn was gazetted to the Worcestershire Regiment from the Middlesex Militia in 1886. He was employed with the Egyptian Army in 1896-7 and served in the Nile Expedition in 1897, receiving the Egyptian Medal with clasp. During the latter part of the South African War he was in command of the Imperial Yeomanry in Natal during 1902, and held the Queen’s Medal with clasp. In 1906 he retired and joined the Reserve of Officers, but he rejoined his old Regiment on the outbreak of the War and was given command of the 9th Worcestershire Regiment in January 1915. He went with his Regiment to the Dardanelles in June 1915.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry George Levinge (Norfolk Regiment commanding 6th North Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 49. He is the eldest son of Harry Corbyn Levinge JP DL late of Knockdrin Castle, Mullingar Westmeath and grandson of the 6th Colonel Levinge joined the Norfolk Regiment in 1885, and served with them and the Mounted Infantry in the South African War. He was twice mentioned in Despatches, promoted Brevet-Major, and awarded the Queen’s and the King’s Medals with five clasps. On the outbreak of the War he was serving with the Norfolk Regiment and in November 1914 was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to command the 10th Battalion from which he was transferred to the command of the 6th Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. In June 1915 he proceeded with his Regiment to Gallipoli.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Basil Edwin Philips (commanding 5th Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 51. Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Richard Cole-Hamilton (Commanding 6th East Lancashire Regiment) is killed in action at Sari Bahr at age 56. His nephew will be killed in a flying accident in July 1917.
  • Lieutenant Colonel John Carden CMG (commanding 5th Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 45. He is the late Commandant of the Northern Rhodesia Police.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Bauchop CMG (commanding Otago Mounted Rifles) dies of wounds on board HMHS Delta at age 44.
  • Major William Sandbach (Royal Lancaster Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 50. He is the son of the Reverend Gilbert Sandbach Rector of Upper Sapey and his son will be killed in December 1941 at age 34 at El Alamein.
  • Major John Gilderdale Jennings (Punjabis attached Royal Dublin Fusiliers) dies of wounds received two days earlier leading an attack on Chocolate Hill Gallipoli at age 37. He is the son of the late General ‘Sir’ Robert Melvill Jennings KCB.
  • Major E W Boyd-Moss DSO (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action. His son Major Deryck Frank (Tank Regiment) will be killed in action on 28th October 1942 at age 29.
  • Major Charles Woodward Crofton (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action in Gallipoli at age 50. He is the son of the Reverend Henry Woodward Crofton Chaplain at Rangoon.
  • Major Geoffrey Seymour Rowley-Conwy (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 37. He is the son of Conwy Grenville Hercules Rowley-Conwy JP DL. He is the father of the 9th Baron Langford of Summerhill. His brother Rafe Grenville Rowley-Conway (Royal Navy) will later serve as a Rear Admiral.
  • Captain John Wilfrid Mather (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 42. He is the son of the Reverend Frank Albert Mather Vicar of Yatton.
  • Brothers Captain Horatio Gordon Mann and Second Lieutenant Horace Walpole Mann (North Lancashire Regiment) are killed in action on Gallipoli. Horace dies at age 29 and their brother will be killed in Mesopotamia in 1916.
  • Captain George William Rolph (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 37. His brother will be killed October.
  • Captain Alfred Heywood Howard JP (Welsh Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 45.
  • Captain Arthur Charles Davies (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 38. He is the son of Richard Davies MP for Anglesey 1869-86.
  • Captain Edward Wynne Lloyd-Jones (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) is killed in action at 27 on Gallipoli. His brother will be killed in March 1917, they are sons of the late Reverend David Lloyd-Jones and he earned his BA and LLB at Cambridge.
  • Captain Andrew Gordon Reed (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed. He is the son of the Reverend Samuel Reed Rector of Llangyniew.
  • Captain Gerald William Nugent (General List, Headquarters 29th Infantry Brigade) is killed in action at Gallipoli at age 28. He is the son of the 3rd
  • Captain Austen Charles Sandham Belcher (Wiltshire Regiment) is also killed on Gallipoli at age 27. His brother was killed three days earlier and they are sons of the Reverend Gilbert Edward Rector of Chaldon Belcher.
  • Captain Edward William Britten (Middlesex Regiment) is killed on Galilpoli. His brother died on service in February.
  • Lieutenant Ian Calcutt Findlay (York and Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 18. He is the son of the ‘Honorable Sir’ John and Lady Findlay.
  • Flight Lieutenant David Keith- (Royal Naval Air Service) is killed in action during an air duel at Ostend at age 20. His brother will be killed in an air accident in September.
  • Lieutenant Geoffrey Peter Guillebrand (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend J A Guillebrand.
  • Second Lieutenant Maurice William Pretyman (Royal Engineers) is killed on Gallipoli. His brother will be killed in July 1917 being the only two Pretymans killed in the service of their King in the Great War.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur John Kennedy McCausland (Border Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 22. He is the grandson of Lieutenant General John Kennedy McCausland.
  • Second Lieutenant George Albert Collingwood (Border Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli. His brother will be accidentally killed in July 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant William Lionel Gueritz Mortimer (Dublin Fusiliers) dies of wounds at age 20 on Gallipoli. He is the son of Reverend Reginald Arthur Mortimer.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles George Cranleigh Fisher-Brown (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. His brother will die on service in June 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant Sydney William King (Cheshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 20. His brother will be accidentally killed in May 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant Oswald Stanley Whaley (Hampshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Oswald Whaley.
  • Second Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ Gerald Sergison Bailey (Grenadier Guards) is killed by a bomb at age 22. He is the son of the 2nd ‘Lord’ Glanusk CB CBE DSO (commanding 2nd South Wales Borderers) who will have a second son die on service in India two weeks before the Armistice.
  • Second Lieutenant Bertram Baker Silcock (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed on Gallipoli at age 23. He is a Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer.
  • Second Lieutenant Philip Walter Jowett Bagnall (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 19. He is the only son of Captain Walter Bagnall JP.
  • Second Lieutenant Robert Menzies Mocatta (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Henry Elias Mocatta who has another son who will die on service in February 1944.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles Nicholls Hathorn (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 20. He is the son of Kenneth Howard Hathorn Judge of the Supreme Court in South Africa.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur John Allan Britton (Welsh Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 26. He is the son of the late Reverend W J Britton.
  • Corporal John William Arundell (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 31. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
  • Within days of his brother being killed Lance Corporal Guy Stanley Overton (Canterbury Mounted Rifles) is also killed on Gallipoli while serving in the same regiment. He dies at age 30 the messages announcing their deaths will be received by their parents within a few hours of each other.
  • Lance Corporal Anthony Hugh Hanmer (Canterbury Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Lance Corporal William Norris (Sussex Regiment) is killed at Suvla Bay at age 22. His brother will be killed in September 1916.
  • Lance Corporal Walter James Griffiths (Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in June 1916.
  • Private Joseph Elwell (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 43. His son will be killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Private Leslie Curtis (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at Suvla Bay at age 17. His two brothers will be killed in the sinking of the Royal Edward in three days serving in the same regiment.
  • Private Wilfrid G Barrow (Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend E P Barrow.
  • Private Griffith Edward Jones (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 27. His son will be killed in the next war.
  • Private Thomas Abbots (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 28. His brother was killed on Gallipoli in June of this year.
  • Another set of brothers are killed on this day, one day after their brother was killed. John and Matthew Fisher are killed while serving in the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.
  • Brothers Rees 26, and Richard Evans 23, die while serving with the Welsh Regiment on Gallipoli.

Friday 6 August 1915 – We Lost 1,718

Lone Pine Cemetery

Lone Pine Cemetery

On the second day of her second patrol in the Sea of Marmora submarine E11 sinks the Turkish gunboat Berki Satvet.

During night at the same time as the British IX Corps begins landing at Suvla to the north a breakout from the Anzac sector is made by units of the New Zealand and Australian Division under the command of General Alexander Godley. Two columns of troops are directed at two peaks of the dominating ridge which are expected to be captured by dawn tomorrow. Both columns are preceded by a covering force to clear the Turkish outposts and protect the flanks of the main assaulting force. The left, or northern, column of the Australian 4th Infantry Brigade and the 29th Indian Brigade are heading for Hill 971, the highest point on the Sari Bair range. They have the furthest to travel over completely unfamiliar terrain and never get close to their objective.

The right, or southern, column is heading for Chunuk Bair. Though lower than Hill 971, this peak overlooks the north of the Anzac perimeter and is used as a base for an artillery battery. The main Sari Bair ridge extends from Chunuk Bair down into the Anzac sector via Battleship Hill and Baby 700. From Baby 700 the ridge branches towards the beach via the Nek and south to Lone Pine via the line of tenuous Anzac positions known as Quinn’s, Courtney’s and Steele’s Posts. The capture of Chunuk Bair would provide considerable relief to the Anzac sector.  The approach to the peak is made along Rhododendron Spur which runs from the beach to the peak of Chunuk Bair. The Turks have outposts along the spur at the Table Top, Destroyer Hill and nearest the beach at Old No. 3 Outpost. There is also a Turkish outpost on Bauchop’s Hill to the north. All these outposts have to be cleared by the covering force, the four regiments of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, before the main assault column can proceed up the spur to the summit. The Auckland regiment clears Old No. 3 Outpost and the Wellington regiment takes Destroyer Hill and the Table Top. The Otago and Canterbury regiments capture Bauchop’s Hill, named after the Otago regiment’s commander, Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Bauchop who will die of wounds received during the attack. In all the New Zealanders lose about 100 men in clearing the outposts and while their efforts are successful, the plan is now running two hours behind schedule, making it difficult to reach the summit before first light.

The main force of the right column is the New Zealand Infantry Brigade under the command of Brigadier General Francis Johnston. The Brigade’s four battalions, reduced by sickness and battle, mustered about 2,800 men.. The advance is initially made up the valleys, on either side of Rhododendron Spur and once past the Table Top, the New Zealanders climb on to the ridge, leaving about 1,000 yards to travel to the summit.

As a diversion to the main assaults against the Sari Bair peaks of Chunuk Bair and Hill 971 the whistles blow for an assault on Lone Pine at 17:30 and the Australians of the 1st Infantry Brigade emerge yelling and shouting from underground tunnels which have been dug 50 yards beyond their own front.  They have 100 yards to dash and when they reach the Turkish front they discover the Turks have roofed over most of their advanced trenches with pine logs.  Some Australians drop their rifles and try to pry the logs away.  Others fire between the logs into the Turks below, while still others dash beyond to the communications trenches and attack the enemy rear.

A fierce close quarters battle rages as the Australians drop into the darkened passages below while the Turks, who have been sheltered from the artillery bombardment that preceded the attack, attempt to emerge from their tunnels. The Australians fight mainly with rifle and bayonet and sometimes with their hands. The preliminary attack has killed or wounded many of the Turks and the rest are either killed, driven out or captured by the Australians.

By 18:00, Lone Pine is in Australians hands. Many hours of attack and counterattack follow with the Turks eventually throwing their entire reserve into the battle.  The enemy uses close-in bomb fighting in their efforts to retake the lost positions. Many Australians catch bombs and throw them back, an audacious act, which ends when the Turks shorten the fuses on their bombs.  This results in quite a few Australians having their hands and arms blow off.

The 32nd and 33rd Brigades of the 11th Division began to come ashore at “B Beach” Suvla Bay south of Nibrunesi Point shortly before 22:00. In the first action fought by a New Army unit, two companies from the 6th Yorkshire Regiment drive the Turkish defenders off the small hill of Lala Baba which overlooks the beach. It is an inauspicious start as all but two of the Yorkshire’s officers become casualties as do one third of the men. Shortly afterwards the 34th Brigade attempts to land at “A Beach” within Suvla Bay but the landing goes awry from the start. The destroyers conveying the brigade anchor 1,000 yards too far south, facing shoal water and on the wrong side of the channel that drained the salt lake into the bay. Two lighters ground on reefs and the men have to wade ashore submerged up to their necks. The Manchester Regiment, having come ashore from the destroyer HMS Grampus has the greatest success of the landing, managing to find its way to the Kiretch Tepe ridge and fight its way some distance along it to the east with the loss of 200 casualties.

Elsewhere the landing is in chaos, having been made in the dark which results in confusion with units becoming mixed and officers unable to locate their position or their objectives. Later, when the moon rises, the British troops become targets for Turkish snipers. Attempts to capture Hill 10 fail because no one in the field knows where Hill 10 is. Shortly after dawn it is found and taken, the Turkish rearguard having withdrawn during the night.

It is agreed on this day that the Indian Expeditionary Force “D”, which in its advance inland has now reached Nasiriya, should advance on Kut.

Today’s losses include:

  • A classical actor
  • A member of the clergy
  • The son of a member of the clergy
  • A Gold Medal Skater
  • A Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer
  • An Australian Rules footballer
  • An Aylesbury footballer
  • The nephew of the Head Master of the South School Invercagill
  • A man whose brother and his wife’s brother will be killed in the Great War
  • A man whose son will be killed in the Royal Air Force in 1944
  • A man who will have his three brothers killed in the Great War
  • Multiple men who will have to brothers killed in the Great War
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • Multiple men who will have a brother killed in the Great War

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

  • Captain Edwin Gerald Venning (Suffolk Regiment) is killed by a sniper shot to the neck while observing the German lines from his own trench at age 32. The regimental history stated “All ranks deplored the loss of a very valuable, gallant and popular officer. His body was conveyed to Locre the same evening and buried in the village churchyard.” He is the son of the late Reverend Edwin James Venning, British Chaplain at Cassel, Germany and is a well known classical actor.
  • Captain Harry Burnett Stevenson (Rajput Light Infantry) is killed on Gallipoli at age 33. He is a Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer.
  • Captain Nicolas Melville Gepp (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed on Hill 12 Gallipoli. He is a veteran of the South African War and the son of the Reverend Nicolas Parker Gepp Canon of Ely and Rector of Witchingham.
  • Captain Basil Stewart Parker (Hampshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 37. He is the son of the Reverend George Parker.
  • Captain Alec Vaughan Thomas (East Surrey Regiment attached Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed one day short of two years from today.
  • Lieutenant Lancelot Botry Pigott (Hampshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 26 on Gallipoli. He is the son of the Reverend Eversfield Botry Pigott Rector of Ellisfield.
  • Lieutenant Maurice Alexander Ross Fitzmaurice (Sappers and Miners, Royal Engineers Lahore Division) is killed in action at age 23. He is the son of the late Judge of Dharwar, a scholar of Felsted School Essex and a government engineer at Bareilly, India.  He had been seriously wounded on 28th October 1914, returning to the front on 19th
  • Lieutenant Howard Field (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli. His brother was killed just over two months earlier.
  • Lieutenant Amyas Leigh Goldie (Gloucestershire Regiment attached Worcestershire Regiment) is killed at age 36. His brother was killed in March of this year.
  • Second Lieutenant Everard Digges La Touche (Australian Infantry) dies of wounds received in the intestine at Lone Pine at age 32. He is a Clerk in the Holy Orders (Clergyman) but had been unable to obtain a position as Chaplain so he enlisted as a private in the Infantry.  His brother will be killed in action in September 1915.  He was the youngest ever to earn a Letters Degree from Trinity College, Dublin.
  • Second Lieutenant Alexander John Robertson (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 28. He played 10 Australian Rules Football games for Melbourne University in 1909.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles Hobson Whidborne (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 33 as the first of three sons of the Reverend George Ferris Whidborne who are killed in the war.
  • Second Lieutenant Christopher Moor (Hampshire Regiment) is killed on Lone Pine. He is the son of the Reverend Dr. Charles Moor Vicar of Barton on Humber & Canon of Lincoln.
  • Second Lieutenant Basil Stewart Parker (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 37. He is the son of the Reverend George Parker Rector of Quainton.
  • Second Lieutenant Gavin Campbell Arbuthnot (North Staffordshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend William Arbuthnot, Vicar of Lea Marston Warks.
  • Sergeant Robert Anthony Fleming (Canterbury Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 24. His ancestors claimed to have saved the flag bearing the legend “For Christ and Covenant” from the field of Bothwell Bridge in 1688.
  • Lance Corporal Alleyne Gordon Webber (Otago Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 27. His brother will be killed in February 1917 and they are nephews of the head master of the South School Inverecagill.
  • Trooper Stanley Maris Clark (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 35. He is a keen football player and well known in rowing circles.
  • Brothers and Privates Harold Benjamin and Edward John Victor Hennell (Australian Infantry) are killed together in the attack.
  • Trooper Alexander Forbes Hogarth (Australian Light Horse) dies of wounds in Egypt at age 27. He has two brothers who will die in the Great War, the first next year the second in March 1918.
  • Private Harold Forbes Clarke Winch (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend George Thomas Winch Vicar of OF Brompton.
  • Private Alan Gordon Till (Australian Infantry) is killed. His son will lose his life serving in the Royal Air Force in June 1944.
  • Private William Hall (Hampshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli. He is a member of the Aylesbury Football Club.
  • Private Frederick Henry Wright (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed. His brother will die of pneumonia in December 1917.
  • Private John Henry Tromans (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli. His brother will be killed in January 1916 and his wife’s brother will also be killed in action.
  • Private William John Methven (Hampshire Regiment) is killed. His brother will die on service in Mesopotamia in July 1919. Driver Robert Lynn (Royal Field Artillery) is the first of four brothers who will lose their lives as a result of Great War service when he is killed at age 30.
  • Private Charles Heaton (Manchester Regiment) is killed in action at age 27 one month after his brother was also killed on Gallipoli.

Two hundred forty one members of the Essex Regiment are killed at Achi Baba, Gallipoli.

  • Lieutenant John Charles Gardom (Essex Regiment) is killed at age 31. He is a Gold Medal Skater of the National Skating Association in 1911.
  • Second Lieutenant Richard George Gabb (Essex Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in December 1916.
  • Lance Corporal Arthur Roper (Essex Regiment) is killed at age 24 and his brother Private Frederick Roper (Essex Regiment) are killed together.
  • Private Jesse Freshwater (Essex Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in December 1917.
  • Privates and brothers Richard James (age 19) and Frederick Thomas Whall (age 23) are also killed.