For the second time within a month the minimum height requirement to join the British army is lowered, this time from 5’5” to 5’3”.
The British proclamation that the entire North Sea will be viewed as a military area takes effect.
Today’s losses include:
- The 6th Earl Annesley
- Grandson of the 1st Baron Newlands
- A suicide by a Major General
- Son and father of a Baronet
- Royal Academy Artist
- Nephew of a General
- Multiple families that will lose two sons
- Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
Today’s highlighted casualty is
Lieutenant Edward Teshmaker Busk (Royal Engineers) dies from a fire in the air while doing experimental service at Laffans Plain near Aldershot at age 28. He is a pioneer of early aircraft design, and the designer of the first full-size efficient inherently stable aeroplane. After attaining First Class Honours in Mechanical Sciences at Cambridge he became Assistant Engineer at the newly formed Royal Aircraft Factory, Farnborough, later the Royal Aircraft Establishment. Here he devotes much of his time to the mathematics and dynamics of stable flight. Before the invention of mechanical control devices, inherent stability in an aircraft is a most important quality. Busk took his theories into the air and tried them out in practice. As a result, in 1914 the RE1 (Reconnaissance Experimental) evolved and was claimed as the first inherently stable aeroplane. The remarkable feature of this design was that there was no single device that was the cause of the stability.The stable result was attributed to detailed design of each part of the aeroplane, with due regard to its relation to, and effect on, other parts in the air. Weights and areas were so arranged that under practically any conditions the machine tended to right itself. Busk was killed while flying his own stable aeroplane, which burst into flames and came down at Laffans Plain (Farnborough Airfield), near Aldershot. He is buried at Aldershot Military Cemetery with full military honours. His genius and his courage were recognised by the posthumous award of the Gold Medal of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain, and among the many letters of condolence received by his mother is one from King George V. His youngest brother, Hans Acworth Busk (b.1894), will be reported missing on 6 January 1916, last seen flying a heavy bomber against the Turks at Gallipoli. They are sons of T T Busk JP.
- Major Clive Macdonnell Dixon(Lancers) dies of wounds received in the first battle of Ypres at age 44. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Raylton Dixon DL and a Royal Academy Artist best known for the charming images in his book The Leaguer of Ladysmith, created during the four-month Siege of Ladysmith in South Africa. He served in Chitral and the South Africa War. Several of his watercolors are kept by the Africana Museum in Johannesburg.
- Captain Graham de Montmorency Armstrong-Lushington-Tulloch (Connaught Rangers) is killed at age 28. He is the great nephew and godson of General de Montmorency.
- Captain William Frank Gardiner Baird (Bedfordshire Regiment attached Lincolnshire Regiment) dies of wounds he received on 27 October at Neuve Chapelle. He is the 29-year-old son of the 8th Baronet ‘Sir’ William James Gardiner Baird and father of the 10th He is also the grandson of the 1st Baron Newlands.
- Lieutenant Noel George Scott McGrath(Dragoon Guards) dies of wounds received 31 October at age 29. He is the son of the Honorable George McGrath.
- Lieutenant Edward Joseph Cormac Walshe (Leinster Regiment) dies of wounds at age 22. His brother will be killed in November 1917 and they are sons of Edward Cormac Walsh JP DL.
- Flight Lieutenant Charles Francis Beevor and Sub Lieutenant Francis Annesley (Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve) the 6th Earl are killed when their Bristol TB8 is shot down by shell fire while he is traveling to Dunkirk and crashes into the sea. The Earl dies at age 30. Lieutenant Beevor was a skilful and daring pilot who had seen previous service in the Balkan war.
- Private Patrick Curtis (Irish Guards) is killed at age 28. His brothers will be killed 1917.
- Major General Robert Geoge Kekewich commander of the 13th (Western) Division commits suicide. He was promoted into the Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) and commanded the 1st Battalion of that regiment in the Second Boer War. He commanded the garrison during the successful defence of Kimberley. He received the rank of Brevet-Colonel and a Companion of the Order of the Bath. In August 1902 he was specially promoted Major General after winning the Battle of Rooiwal in April of that year. He was appointed colonel of the Buffs in October 1909.