Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: South Wales Borderers

Friday 6 November 1914 – We Lost 378

The Life Guards cap badge

The Life Guards cap badge

German troops are forced out of the village of Soupir. The village will remain very close to the front line for the greater part of the Great War.

A combined Anglo-Indian force of 600 troops is landed in the Shatt-al-Arab near the old fort at Fao which they soon capture. The remainder of Force ‘D’ sails on to a place where it can safely disembark at Sanniyeh.

The spy Karl Lody is shot at the Tower of London.

The Central fort at Tsing-tau is stormed and two hundred prisoners are taken. Captain Dudley G Johnson (South Wales Borderers) will be awarded the Distinguished Service Order for conspicuous ability during the morning of these operations and for great gallantry in rescuing several wounded men while exposed to heavy machine gun fire.

 Today’s losses include:

  •  Member of Parliament
  • Son of a Member of Parliament
  • Grandson of Member of Parliament
  • The father of a future Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
  • Son of the 2nd Baron and father of the 3rd Baron O’Neill
  • Son of the 2nd Baron Leconfield
  • Son of Russian Baron DeGunzburg
  • Son of the 2nd Duke of Abercorn
  • Son of the 8th Viscount Downe
  • Son-in-law of the 5th Marquess of Waterford
  • Son-in-law of the 7th Duke of Marlborough
  • Son of a Baronet
  • Brother-in-law of a Victoria Cross winner
  • Men who will have one and two sons killed in the Second World War
  • Multiple men who will have nephew’s killed in the Second World War
  • A Battalion commander
  • Uncle by marriage of Winston Churchill
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons
  • A family that will lose three sons
  • A man whose sister will be lost in the sinking of RMS Leinster in October 1918
  • A man whose daughter will be born next year
  • Son of an Admiral
  • Son-in-law of a General
  • Multiple sons of clergy
  • Nephew of clergy
  • Multiple sons of Justice’s of the Peace
  • A former Aide-de-camp to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • Member of the Marylebone Cricket Club

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

 Captain ‘the Honorable’ Arthur Edward Bruce O’Neill (Life Guards) becomes the first Member of Parliament to be killed in the Great War when he is killed today.  He is the son of the 2nd Baron O’Neill, father of the 3rd Baron who will be killed in October 1944 and the grandson of the 11th Earl of Dundonald and Member of Parliament for Mid Antrim. One son will later become Prime Minister of Northern Ireland while two others will be killed in the Second World War. He is also the son-in-law of The Marquis of Crewe and served in the South African War.

  •  Lieutenant Colonel Gordon Chesney WilsonMVO (commanding Royal Horse Guards) is killed at age 49. He is the eldest son of ‘Sir’ Samuel Wilson MP Kt and the son-in-law of the 7th Duke of Marlborough and by marriage the uncle of Winston Churchill. He served as Aide de camp to Major General Baden Powell from August 1899 to July 1900 in South Africa.
  • Major ‘the Honorable’ Hugh DawnayDSO (Life Guards) is killed at age 39. He is the son of the 8th Viscount Downe.  He is the veteran of the South African War and Somaliland in 1908-10 and the son-in-law of the 5th Marquess of Waterford. His son will be killed serving in the Royal Air Force in World War II.
  • Major Edward Hawtin Phillips DSO (Royal Field Artillery) dies of wounds received the previous day at age 36. He was at the front three days and has previously served in 1900 in North Nigeria and Ashanti, in the South African War and again in North Nigeria in 1900. His brother will be killed next month.
  • Captain Edward Charles Stafford-King-Harman(Irish Guards) is killed at age 23.  His only child a daughter will be born in April of next year. He is the son of the Right Honorable ‘Sir’ Thomas Stafford-King-Harman, the 1st Baronet and his nephew Lieutenant Thomas Edward (Irish Guards) will be killed in action on 4 August 1944 at age 22. He is the grandson of the Right Honorable Edward King-Harman MP.
  • Captain ‘Lord’ Arthur John Hamilton (Irish Guards). He is the son of the 2nd Duke of Abercorn KG. He is the Deputy Master of the Household. He dies at age 30 and his body will never be found. His sister will be lost in the sinking of RMS Leinster in October 1918.
  • Captain Norman Neill(Hussars) is killed at age 34. He is the son in law of Major General ‘Sir’ Gerald de Courcy Morton KCIE CB and Brigade Major 6th Cavalry Brigade and he served in the South African War.
  • Lieutenant William Edward Hope(Irish Guards) is killed at age 27.  On the outbreak of the war, he was serving as Aide de Camp to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • Lieutenant Robert Randle Egerton (Royal Engineers) is killed at age 26. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Robert Eyles Egerton JP.
  • Lieutenant George William Houghton Hodgson (Border Regiment) dies of wounds at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend William George Courtney Hodgson and nephew of the Bishop of Edmundsbury.
  • Lieutenant Carleton Wyndham Tufnell (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 22. He is the nephew of Rear Admiral Lionel Grant Tufnell CMG and a member of I Zingfair and MCC.
  • Lieutenant George Pierse Jenings (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed at Rue de Bois. He is the son of Lieutenant Colonel Ulick Albert Jenings JP.
  • Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ William Reginald Wyndham (Lincolnshire Yeomanry attached Life Guards) is killed at age 38. He is the third son of the late 2nd Baron Leconfield and a nephew of Lord Rosebery. He is an Irish race horse owner and member of the Jockey Club. His nephew the eldest son of the 5th Baron will be killed in action on 9 October 1942 serving in the Queen’s Royal Lancers Royal Armoured Corps.
  • Second Lieutenant Alexis George DeGunzburg (Hussars attached Royal Horse Guards) the Baron is killed at age 27 while carrying a message to Colonel Gordon Wilson from General Kavanagh. He is the youngest son of the late Baron DeGunzburg and is also related to the Dowager Countess of Desart and ‘Sir’ Maurice Fitzgerald. He is Russian by birth and became a naturalized citizen to join the army in September.
  • Second Lieutenant William Sincliar Petersen (Life Guards) is killed at age 22. He is brother-in-law of Major Douglas Reynolds VC (Royal Field Artillery) who is married to Petersen’s sister.
  • Corporal Mark Charles Dowlen (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Private William Brennock (Irish Guards) is killed. He has two brothers who will be killed in the Great War.
  • Private Cecil Herbert Facey (Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in January.
  • Private Edward Clarke (Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will also be killed in the Great War.
  • Able Seaman Melville Franklin (Collingwood RNVR RND) dies at home of illness at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend Edmund John Franklin.
  • Private Edward Edwin Clarke (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in the war also.
  • Private Frederick James Allen (Dorsetshire Regiment) is killed at age 39. His brother Charles will also lose his life in the Great War.
  • Private Edward Gregory Sangster (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in October 1918.
  • Seaman Horace Reginald Horscroft (RNR HMS Victorian) drowns at age 41. He is the recipient of a Belgian Medal and Diploma for saving life at sea.

 

Saturday 31 October 1914 – We Lost 1,178

Victoria Cross

Victoria Cross

The outcome of the Battle of Ypres now hinges around the village of Gheluvelt.  Lying on a forward spur of the low ridge that covers the town of Ypres, Gheluvelt is the last point retained in British hands from which the enemy’s line can be dominated.  By noon the West Surrey, the Royal Scots Fusiliers, the Welsh and the King’s Royal Rifles have been overwhelmed, while on the right the South Wales Borderers have been rolled back.  Gheluvelt has been lost and a serious gap has been made in the British line. So serious is the situation that unless the gap can be closed, a breakthrough can not be avoided. Indeed orders have already been prepared for artillery to move back in preparation for a general retreat. At 13:00 hours the 2nd Worcestershire Regiment receives an order from Brigadier General Charles Fitzclarence VC to attack and retake Gheluvelt.  Captain A. F. Thorne of the Grenadier Guards is to act as a guide.  From Polygon Wood, the chateau which dominates the village can not be seen but the nearby church tower rising amidst the smoke is visible. All around are wounded and stragglers coming to the rear and batteries can be seen limbering up and moving back. The Worcestershires alone are moving towards the enemy. The ridge is littered with dead and wounded, and along the crest, German shells are falling fast. Major E B Hankey decides that the only way to cross this dangerous area is at the double.  As the leading men reach the ridge, they come in view of the German guns whose high explosive shells are quickly directed on the charging soldiers. Over 100 of the Battalion are killed or wounded but the rest push on and, increasing their speed as they come to the downward slope in sight of Gheluvelt, make the final charge through hedges and on to the Chateau grounds.  Here they meet the remnants of the South Wales Borderers who have made a heroic stand. The meeting is unexpected as the Worcestershires believe no British soldiers are left on the grounds.  The 2nd Worcestershires have gone into this action with about 370 men of whom 187 are killed or wounded.  Gheluvelt is saved and the line restored.  It is rare that the action of one unit can exert such a profound influence as did this famous counter attack.

The town of Messines is held by British infantry with fighting in the streets and the front running north of town roughly parallel to and about 100 yards east of the road and is held by the 4th and 6th Dragoon Guards forming the right of the 4th Cavalry Brigade which holds the line towards Wytschaete. The 57th Wilde’s Rifles has been sent in to assist the Cavalry yesterday but suffers heavy casualties and is forced to withdraw.  The London Scottish is sent in today to fill the dangerous gap and help the Carabiniers to hold the right center of the line.   When the 1st Battalion comes under heavy fire and is pinned down upon reaching the ridge they dig in. They become the 1st Territorial Battalion to come under fire in the Great War. Fierce exchanges of fire continue all day. At about 21:00 the Germans attempt their first attack on the ridge. The attack is beaten off and the bombardment of the ridge by the Germans begins again and continues until after midnight.

Britain, France and Russia declare war on Turkey.

The final bombardment of Tsing-tau begins as the Japanese commence shelling of the fort and the city.

Captain Sydney Drury-Lowe discovers Konigsberg hiding at Salale (which had been prominently ringed in pencil on the freighter Prasident’s charts) up the Rufiji Delta. Dawn is breaking as HMS Chatham anchors off the delta. An armed raiding party goes ashore in Chatham’s steam cutter.  They learn from the natives of Kiomboni village that that the German lookouts have just left to go back to their base for breakfast. The village headman and two other men are taken back to the cutter for questioning. All three confirm that the Konigsberg, the collier Somali and three small vessels are anchored upriver from the Sima Uranga mouth of the Rufiji at Salala, some nine miles inland. The cooperative local headman shows Drury-Lowe the deep-water channels that lead up river from the Kiomboni and Simba Uganda entrances. And as the Chatham follows the coastline northward, her lookouts soon spot Konigsberg’s mastheads standing above the tree line. Chatham fires a few shells in the general direction, but all fall short.  Drury-Lowe signals HMS Weymouth and HMS Dartmouth to leave their patrol areas and join him of the Rufiji River.  While waiting for them, he shells the German wireless station at Mafia Island hoping to disrupt Konigsberg’s communications.

The steamship Karmala carrying Major General Arthur Edward Aitken’s force docks at Mombasa. Aitken and his staff meet with military authorities ashore to discuss the impending attack on Tanga in German East Africa. Lieutenant Colonel Bertram Robert Graham (Queen Victoria’s Corps of Guides attached and commander of the 3rd King’s Africa Rifles), offers Aitken some of his British led askaris who are familiar with the area, but Aitken declines the assistance. Additionally, in spite of his ship having engine trouble, the Captain of the battleship HMS Goliath offers to escort the invasion force to Tanga and lend fire support. Again Aitken refuses the offer. A staff officer, Major Frederick Keen tries to persuade Aitken to put his troops ashore for a few days after their miserable voyage and long confinement aboard ship, he is told that he is making an unnecessary fuss. The list of errors in judgment by Aitken is by now very long. Finally, failure to allow his troops time to recondition is probably Aitken’s worst mistake.  His plan for the attack on Tanga is simple, but he neglects the details.  He ignores local advice and fails to learn all that he can about his enemy and about the terrain where he proposes to land. He also neglects security. Secrecy is almost nonexistent.  Crates in Bombay have been marked “Indian Expeditionary Force ‘B’, Mombasa, East Africa.”  Newspapers in British East Africa even write of the intended attack.

The cruiser HMS Hermes (Captain Charles Laverock Lambe) is torpedoed and sunk by U27 in the Straits of Dover while engaged in transporting aircraft to France.  The first torpedo strikes from a range of about 300 yards and as she is sinking by the stern a second torpedo hits and she quickly sinks.  There are twenty-two fatalities while four hundred survivors are picked up.

HMS Otranto rejoins Cradock’s squadron without having been able to obtain any information. HMS Glasgow signals from Coronel that German supply ships have been frequently sailing in and out of that port and that she has intercepted several transmissions between SMS Leipzig and one of her colliers.  Cradock orders HMS Glasgow to leave Coronel immediately and meet him the next day fifty miles west of Arauco Bay.

The 129th Baluchis come under heavy fire at Hollebeke. With the British officer in charge of his detachment having been wounded and another machine gun put out of action by a shell, Sepoy Khudadad Kahn though wounded himself remains working his gun until all other five men of his detachment have been killed. Naik Sair Amir shows conspicuous gallantry in the same action as he continues to fire his machine as the other guns are put out of action. Sepoy Khan will be awarded the Victoria Cross while Naik Amir will be rewarded with the Indian Order of Merit for their actions today.

Major General Samuel H Lomax (1st Division) is mortally wounded (he will die next April) and Major General Charles C Monro (2nd Division) is badly stunned when a German shell strikes as they are meeting close to the front at Hooge Chateau shortly after midday.

 Today’s casualties include:

  •  The winningest jockey in Ireland in 1907
  • The lightweight boxing champion of India
  • A member of the Marylebone Cricket Club
  • A football player for Linfield Swifts and South End Rangers
  • A Show Horse Jumper
  • An Assistant Boy Scout Master
  • The son of a family that will lose four more sons in the Great War
  • The son of multiple families that will lose three sons between this war and the South African War
  • Multiple examples of a man who will have a brother killed in the war
  • A man whose brother-in-law will be killed
  • A man whose brother was killed in the South African War
  • Multiple men whose children will be born after their death
  • Multiple sons of clergy
  • Multiple grandsons of clergy
  • Multiple Justices of the Peace
  • Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
  • The son-in-law of a Justice of the Peace
  • The nephew of a Justice of the Peace
  • The son of a General
  • The stepson of a General
  • Multiple grandsons of Generals
  • The nephew of a General
  • The son of an Admiral
  • The Grandson of an Admiral
  • The son of a Victoria Cross winner
  • The half brother of a Member of Parliament
  • A member of the first class of Military Cross winners
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • The son of the 4th Earl of Erne and father of the 5th Earl who will be killed in the next war
  • The son of the 6th Baron MacDonald of Armadale and the father of the 7th Baron
  • The son of the 1st Baron St Levan
  • The son of a Countess of the Holy Roman Empire
  • The son-in-law of the Duke of Westminster
  • The grandson of the 4th Marquess Townsend
  • The great grandson of the 2nd Earl of Ducie
  • The great grandson of the 17th Baron Dunboyne
  • A cousin of a Baronet

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

Captain Charles Paget O’Brien-Butler (Royal Army Medical Corps attached Irish Lancers) is killed attempting to reach wounded comrades at age 33. He is an outstanding amateur jockey who while riding for His Majesty the late King Edward VII was the winningest rider in Ireland in 1907 and he finished fifth in the Grand National in 1913. His brother-in-law will be killed in less than two months and his brother will be killed in June 1917 while another brother an Irish International Rugby player died of dysentery during the South African War. Finally he is the great grandson of Edmund Butler the 17th Baron Dunboyne.

  •  Colonel Frederick Walter KerrDSO (Gordon Highlanders, staff 1st Divisional Headquarters) is killed at age 47 when the Divisional Headquarters in Hooge Chateau is hit by shellfire. He is the son of Admiral Lord Frederic Kerr and the grandson of General ‘Sir’ Peregrine Maitland GCB. He served in Chitral 1895, Tirah 1897-8 and the South African War.
  • Lieutenant Colonel John Alexander Browning (commanding 2nd Dragoon Guards) is killed at Messines at age 36.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Charles Bernard Morland (commanding 2nd Welsh Regiment) dies of wounds at age 47. He is a veteran of the South African War.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Walter Edwin Venour(Commanding 58th Vaughan’s Rifles, Indian Army) is killed by a sniper’s bullet to the head at age 50. He is the son of Lieutenant General Edwin Venour and he has previously seen action in Chin-Luchai 1889-90, Miranzai 1891 and the North West Frontier of India 1897-8 being wounded at Tirah.
  • Major (Temporary Lieutenant Colonel) Arthur Jex Blake Percival DSO (Northumberland Fusiliers and General Staff) is killed at age 43. He served in the Nile 1898 and the South African War and is the son of the Bishop of Hereford.
  • Major (Brevet Lieutenant Colonel) Henry William CrichtonDSO MVO (Royal Horse Guards) is killed at Wytschaete at age 42.  He is the Viscount Crichton and son of the 4th Earl of Erne. He is the son-in-law of the 1st Duke of Westminster and his widow will become Lady Mary Stanley and his son the 5th Earl of Erne will be killed in the Second World War. His brother-in-law was killed yesterday.
  • Major George Paley (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 42. He is the grandson of Canon Nepean Chaplain in Ordinary to her late Majesty Queen Victoria and he served in Soudan 1898 and in the South African War.
  • Major Neil MacPherson(2nd in command 2nd Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 45. He is the son of the late General ‘Sir’ Herbert Taylor MacPherson VC KCB.  He served in the Isazai Expedition in 1892, the NorthWest Frontier of India, Samana and Tirah in 1897-8, the South African Campaign of 1900-02 and the Abor Expedition 1911-12. He is the grandson of Lieutenant General Eckford CB.
  • Major Robert MacGregor Stewart Gardner(Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 44 at Gheluvelt.  He is a South African War veteran, a nephew of General ‘Sir’ Robert Stewart GCB and his daughter will be born in February 1915.
  • Major Edward Egerton Barwell (Wilde’s Rifles) is killed at age 42. He is the son of General Charles Arthur Barwell CB. He served in Waziristan 1894-5, the Northwest Frontier 1897-8 and China in 1900.
  • Major Francis Maxwell Chenevix Trench (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 36. His brother was killed in the South African War in April 1902 and they are grandsons of the Most Reverend and Right Honorable Richard Chenevix Trench.
  • Major Walter Gabriel Home(Dragoon Guards) dies of wounds at age 41.  He is the son of the late Reverend Robert Home and is a South African War veteran.
  • Captain and Adjutant William McMillan Black (Vaughan’s Rifles) is killed at age 31. He is the son of the Reverend William McMillan Black.
  • Captain William Joseph Wickham(Scots Guards) is killed at age 39. He is the son of Captain Henry Lampugh and ‘the Honorable’ Mrs Teresa Mary Wickham Countess of the Holy Roman Empire and the eldest daughter and co-heiress of the 11th Lord Arundell. His brother will die of wounds next January.
  • Captain John Edmund Simpson(King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 41.  He is the son of the late Reverend John Curwen Simpson.
  • Captain Leslie Sedgwick Whitchurch (Indian Army Cavalry attached Dragoon Guards) is killed at age 34. He is the son the Reverend Walter Beaumont Gurney Whitchurch Rector of Spixworth Norfolk. He served on the North West Frontier 1902.
  • Captain John Spottiswoode (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 40. He is the grandson of the Reverend ‘Sir’ St Vincent Love Hammick and nephew of William Spottiswood (former President of the Royal Society, the London Mathmatical Society and the British Association). He is the son-in-law of Dr. Christian David Gisnburg JP and his second son will be born next year.
  • Captain Mervyn Crawshay (Dragoon Guards) a Show Horse Jumper is killed. He has represented the military in tournaments in America in 1913.
  • Captain Albert Alexander Stephen DSO (Scots Guards) is killed at age 35. His brother was killed last month and they are grandsons of Admiral ‘Sir’ Cornwallis Ricketts 2nd
  • Captain Geoffrey Wilmot Herringham (Dragoons) is killed at Messines at age 31. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Wilmot Herringham.
  • Captain and Adjutant Walter Hughes Ferrar (Welsh Regiment) is killed at Gheluvelt at age 38. He is a veteran of the South African War and son of A M Ferrar DL.
  • Captain Frederick William Hunt (Lancers Indian Army) is killed at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend William Cornish Hunt of Odell Rectory Bedfordshire.
  • Captain Edward Hugh Bagot Stack (Gurkha Rifles) is killed atage 29. He is the great nephew of the late Right Reverend Charles Maurice Stack Bishop of Cloghern Clones Ireland.
  • Captain Graham Percival Shedden (Royal Garrison Artillery) dies of wounds at age 28. He is the son of George Shedden JP.
  • Captain Richard Vincent Barker (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed when shot in the chest. He is a South African War veteran and son of the Reverend Frederick Barker Rector of Wimborne St Giles.
  • Captain Hugh Clervaux Chaytor (Light Cavalry Indian Army attachded Hussars) is killed at Messines at age 30. He is the cousin of ‘Sir’ Edmund Chaytor Baronet.
  • Lieutenant Donald Godrid Campbell Thomson (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 21. He is the nephew of Captain G C Karran JP and has a brother who will be killed in October 1917.
  • Lieutenant Edmund Elgood Punchard(Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed by a shot to the head at age 24. He is the son of the late Reverend Elgood George Punchard, Honorary Canon of Ely, DD and Vicar of Ely St Mary’s. His brother will be killed in March 1917.
  • Lieutenant Arthur Knight Nicholson (Hussars) is killed by a sniper at age 21. He is the only son of Herbert Nicholson JP.
  • Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ Godfrey Evan Hugh Bosville MacDonald JP (Scots Guards) dies of wounds at age 35. He is the son of the 6th Baron MacDonald of Armadale Castle who has lost one son at Krugersdorp South Africa in April 1901 and another son will be killed in October 1918. His son will become the 7th
  • Lieutenant Spencer Julian Wilfred Railston (Lancers, Indian Army attached Dragoon Guards) the one time lightweight boxing champion of India is killed at age 25. He dies attempting to bring in a wounded peasant woman on the field of fire. He is the grandson of the Reverend C E Oakley and great grandson of the 2nd Earl of Ducie.
  • Lieutenant Alan Randall Aufrere Leggett(North Staffordshire Regiment) dies of wounds at age 21.  He is the first of three sons of Colonel Leggett to be killed in the Great War.  His older brothers will be killed on different days in July 1916.  The memory of the three sons is kept alive in the Chancel’s Screen and Memorial Cross in St Martin’s Church, Cheriton.
  • Lieutenant Langton Sacheverell Coke(Irish Guards) is killed at age 36.  He is the son of the late Colonel W L Coke JP DL.
  • Lieutenant Philip Walter Rudolph Doll(Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 24.  He is the son of Charles FitzRoy Doll JP (London and Hertford) and was the winner of Lord Robert’s Gold Cup at Aldershot in 1914 with his guns. He was also a member of the MCC since 1911.
  • Lieutenant George Archer-Shee(South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 19 as a result of an order to withdraw not reaching his platoon. As a 13-year old cadet at Royal Navy College at Osborne he was accused of stealing a five shilling postal note from the locker of a fellow cadet in 1908. The college asserted that he signed his name to a postal order and cashed it and despite the young boy’s claims of innocence he was expelled. A trial in 1910 vindicated him completely. He is the half-brother of Major Martin Archer-Shee MP.
  • Lieutenant Algernon Lindsay Eric Smith (Life Guards) is killed at age 22. He is among the 1st group of officers to be awarded the Military Cross.
  • Lieutenant and Quartermaster ‘the Honorable’ Edmund WilkinsonDCM (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 43. His daughter will be born next January and he was a South African War veteran.
  • Second Lieutenant Reginald William Fletcher(Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 22. He rowed with the Oxford University VIII in 1914. His brother will be killed in March 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ Piers Stewart St Aubyn JP(King’s Royal Rifle Corps) dies of wounds at age 43. He is the son of the 1st Baron and Lady St Levan and grandson of 4th Marquess Townsend and a veteran of the South African War. His brother will be killed in December 1915 serving as a King’s Messenger when SS Persia is sunk.
  • Second Lieutenant Gerald Gordon Clement Elrington (East Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at Festubert at age 20. He is the stepson of General Miles.
  • Second Lieutenant Arnold Septimus Jarvis (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 19. He is the first of five brothers who will be killed in the war.
  • Sergeant Edward Charters White (Black Watch) is killed at age 32. He is the Assistant Scout Master of the Baden Powell Scouts at Fort William Calcutta.
  • Lance Corporal Thomas Alfred Tompkins (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 27. His brother Wesley will also lose his life in the Great War.
  • Private Leslie Houston (Inniskilling Fusiliers) dies of wounds. He played football for the Linfield Swifts and South-End Rangers.
  • Private Robert Clive Forrest (London Scottish) is killed at age 18. He is the only son of Robert Forrest JP DL.
  • Gunner Frederick Blackwell (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed next August.
  • Private Thomas Richard Dawes (Dragoon Guards) is killed the day after his brother met the same fate.
  • Private Albert Charles Love (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will be killed in May 1917.
  • Private Charles Philip Libretto (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 18. His brother will be killed in September 1917.
  • Private William Perrin (West Surrey Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in June 1917.
  • Private W Curtis (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 30. His brother will be killed next January.
  • Private Basil Thomas Freffry (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in August 1917.
  • Henry William and Joseph Batchelor are killed together serving as privates in the Dragoon Guards. Henry is killed at age 28, while Joseph is one year older.
  • Private William Ayres (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 28. He has two brothers who will be killed over the next two years.

Friday 30 October 1914 – We Lost 984

Musgrave Cazenove Wroughton during his Boy Scout years

Musgrave Cazenove Wroughton during his Boy Scout years

After an intense bombardment the Germans attack the British line held by the 9th Lancers at Messines.  They attack from St Yves to Wytchaete, capturing St Yves and gaining a footing in Messines village.  They are driven out by a counter-attack.

The village of Zandvoorde is held by the Life Guards numbering between three and four hundred men. It is bombarded for over an hour with heavy guns and then captured by the 39th German Division.  The entire front of the 3rd Cavalry Division is driven back to the Klein-Zillebeke Ridge.

Lieutenant G N Humphreys (Royal Flying Corps) shoots up an enemy convoy firing two hundred fifty rounds from his Lewis gun.  This is most likely the first ever ground attack by an aircraft.

The trail of the accused German spy Karl Lody begins in Britain.

Admiral Horace Lambert Alexander Hood hoists his flag on the French destroyer L’Intrepide, the first time a French warship has acted as an English flagship without having first been captured.  L’Intrepide and L’Aventurier have joined the Second Light Squadron in the English Channel earlier in the month and have fought with that British squadron off the Belgian coast. Admiral Hood will be killed at the the Battle of Jutland.

HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth head north from Vallenar intent on a rendezvous with the other two members of the squadron after they complete their intelligence missions that they have been dispatched to perform the previous day.

 Today’s losses include:

  •  The original Boy Scout who was called Baden-Powell’s favorite
  • Brother-in-law of Douglas Haig
  • Grandson of an officer who served under Nelson at Copenhagen
  • Former Aide-de-camp to Field Marshall the Earl of Roberts
  • Former Aide-de-camp to the Governor General of Australia
  • Actor and member of the Green Room Club
  • The father of a child who will be born after his death
  • Son of the artist Ernest F Marillier
  • Great grandson of a 50-year Master at Harrow
  • Co-found and one time editor of the Yokahama (Japan) Press
  • Staff member of the Burlington Magazine
  • Champion boxer
  • The second son of the former Governor of the Windward Islands to be killed in two days
  • Multiple sons of Members of Parliament
  • Multiple members of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC)
  • A Roman Catholic Chaplain
  • Multiple sons of clergy
  • Son-in-law of clergy
  • Grandson of clergy
  • Sons of Generals
  • Son-in-law of a General
  • Grandson of a General
  • Great grandson of a General
  • Nephew of a General
  • Son of an Admiral
  • Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
  • Grandson of an Alderman
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • Multiple families who lose one of two sons killed in the Great War
  • Two examples of families that will lose four sons in the Service of King and Country
  • A family who previously lost a son in the South African War
  • Son of the 1st Duke of Westminster
  • Son of the 5th Marquess of Lansdowne
  • Son of the 4th Earl of Yarborough
  • Son of the 2nd Earl of Durham
  • Son of the 1st Earl of Dudley
  • Son-in-law of the 1st and Last Marquess of Lincolnshire
  • Son-in-law of the 4th Earl of Minto
  • Son-in-law of the 4th Earl of Erne
  • Son-in-law of the 3rd Baron Vivian
  • Son-in-law of Baron Knaresborough
  • Grandson of the Duke of Abercorn
  • Grandson of the 5th Earl of Dartmouth
  • Son of a Baronet
  • Grandson of a Baronet
  • Father of the 4th and 5th Dukes of Westminster

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

 Lieutenant Musgrave Cazenove Wroughton (Northamptonshire Yeomanry attached Lancers) dies of wounds received when he is shot by a sniper at age 23. He is known affectionately as ‘Bob’ by his friends and family. His father was master of the Pytchley Hunt and his uncle is Philip Wrought MP JP DL. A close family friend is ‘Sir’ Robert Baden-Powell, hero of the Siege of Mafeking during the South African War, and when ‘BP’ came up with the idea of organizing a camp for boys to teach them the principles of leadership and teamwork. He immediately turned to ‘Bob’ Wroughton to join him in his venture.

The camp was held on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Dorset, in August 1907 – and became an historic event. It was from that beginning that the World Wide Boy Scout Movement was to emerge. After the Camp, Baden Powell heaped praise on Bob’s leadership “he was a great help to me & quite set the example to other Patrol Leaders,” he wrote in a letter to Bob’s mother,  in which he also asked her for Bob’s suggestions as to how the whole Scouting movement could be established. A career in the army was a natural progression. He was commissioned in November 1913, and when war broke out he joined the 12th Lancers where again he received high praise for his courage. His Major wrote of him that he was an “excellent soldier and can turn his hand to anything”. After just a few weeks of the war, he had gained a gallantry honour, being Mentioned in Disptaches by the Commander in Chief, Sir John French. While on patrol in the Ypres salient in Belgium he is shot by a German sniper, at age 23.

A distraught Baden Powell writes to his parents soon after: “I have felt as nearly as possible like a second father to him, and to read the little testimonies to Bob’s character after all the hopes that I had formed of him, is the greatest possible comfort. I am so glad that he had made his mark already before he died.”

  •  Colonel Charles Arthur Cecil King (commanding 2nd Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 51. He served previously at the Nile 1885-6 Burma 1893 and the South African War.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Trevor Crispon (commanding 2nd Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 46. He served in the Nile campaign of 1898, Crete and South Africa.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Osbert Samuel Cadogan (commanding 1st Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 46 attempting to save his mortally wounded adjutant Captain Alfred Edwin Claud Toke Doonerat Zandvoorde, Ypres at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend Edward Cadogan Rector of Wicken and he served in Hazara in 1891 and China in 1900. Dooner’s brother will be killed in July 1918.
  • Major (T/Lieutenant Colonel) John Murray Traill(commanding 2nd Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at Gheluvelt when his battalion is shelled in the open.  His brother will be killed in a railway accident in November 1916.
  • Major George Geoffrey Prendergast Humphreys(Baluchi Light Infantry) dies of wounds at age 41. He is the son of T W D Humphreys JP is the grandson of Major J Humphreys who served under Nelson at Copenhagen and had been an extra aide de camp to His Majesty King George in India. He is the son-in-law of Major General ‘Sir’ James Bell KCVO.
  • Major Hugh St Aubyn Wake MVO (Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 44. He is the son of the late Admiral Charles Wake and he served on the North West Frontier 1897-9.
  • Major Eustance Henry Egremont AbadieDSO (Lancers) is killed at age 37. He has had two brothers die in the King’s service prior to the Great War and a fourth brother will be killed in action in 1917 and they are sons of Major General Henry Richard Abadie. One brother was killed in the South African War while the second die of fever during on service in February 1904.
  • Major ‘Lord’ Charles George Francis Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMauriceMVO (Dragoons attached 6th Cavalry Brigade) is killed at age 40. He is a holder of the South African Medal, the Legion of Honor, Order of Military Merit, Order of the Crown, the Order of the Iron Crown Class II, Equerry-in-Ordinary to King George V when he was Prince of Wales 1909-1910 and Equerry to his Majesty 1910-1914. He had sometimes been the Aide de Camp to Field Marshall Earl Roberts and is the son of the 5th Marquess of Lansdowne. He is the grandson of the Duke of Abercorn KG and son-in-law of the 4th Earl of Minto.
  • Captain ‘Lord’ Hugh William Grosvenor(Life Guards) dies of wounds at age 30.  He is the son of the 1st Duke of Westminster and is married to Lady Mabel Crichton, daughter of John Crichton, 4th Earl Erne and his wife, the former Lady Florence Cole, daughter of William Cole 3rd Earl of Enniskillen.  He is the commander of ‘C’ Squadron 1st Life Guards. His sons will become the 4th and 5th Duke of Westminster.
  • Captain Alexander Moore Vandeleur(Life Guards) the son-in-law of the 1st Baron Knaresborough is killed at age 30 when his squadron is surrounded and scorning surrender fights to the last and are wiped out in hand to hand fighting.
  • Captain Frank Harrison Saker (Connaught Rangers) is killed in action. He worked as an actor before he joined the army in 1904 and was a member of the Green Room Club. His brother will be killed on the second day of the Gallipoli landing next year.
  • Captain Alfred James Woodhouse(Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 28. He is one of four brothers who give their life in the service of the King. The first was killed in the South African War and the final two will be killed in 1915. He is the son-in-law of the Reverend A C Woodhouse Rector of Winterborn Monckton Dorset and gained the Sword of Honour at Woolwich.
  • Captain Otho Claude Skipwith Gilliat (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 31. He played cricket at Eton in 1899 and was a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club and a veteran of the South Afria War.
  • Captain and Adjutant Douglas Byres Davidson (Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 29. His brother will be killed late next month and they are grandson of General John Clarke.
  • Captain Ernest Reginald Hayes-Sadler (Gurka Rifles) is killed at age 36. His brother was killed two days earlier. They are sons of Lieutenant Colonel ‘Sir’ John Hayes Sadler KCMG CB late Governor of the Windward Islands.
  • Captain Ian Bouverie Maxwell (South Wales Borderers) is killed at age 24. He is the nephew of Lieutenant General ‘Sir’ Ronald Maxwell KCB and he is a member of the staff of the “Burlington Magazine”.
  • Captain Barry Hartwell (Gurkha Rifles) is killed at age 33. He served in the Tibet Expedition of 1903 and was awarded the Silver Medal of St John of Jerusalem for life saving in the earthquake at Dharmsala in 1905. He is the grandson of ‘Sir’ Brodrick Hartwell 2nd Baronet and the great grandson of General Frederick Young.
  • Captain Reginald Wickham Harland(Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 31. He is the son of the Reverend Albert Augustus Harland of Harefield Vicarge Middlesex. His brother was killed in the South African War.
  • Lieutenant Charles Sackville Pelham ‘Lord Worsley’ (Royal Horse Guards) Baron Worsley is killed in action at age 27 at Zandvoorde. He is the son of the 4th Earl and Countess of Yarborough and son-in-law of the 3rd Baron Vivian his other daughter married Douglas Haig. An order to withdraw does not reach the machine gun section he is in charge of, or some of the other soldiers. They are cut off, and Lord Worsley is first listed as ‘Missing’, and is officially recorded as killed early in 1915. However, Worsley’s body had been found and buried by the Germans, and a plan of where he had been buried is later passed on via Diplomatic channels from the Germans. In December 1918 his grave will be located by a British Officer using the plans, with the upright wooden portion of the cross which had been placed there by the Germans still standing. A replacement wooden cross will be put there in January 1919, and Lord Worsley’s widow later purchases the land.
  • Lieutenant Arthur Dennis Harding (Gloucestershire Regiment) dies of wounds received the previous day at age 22. He is the grandson of Major General Worthy Bennett (Royal Marine Light Infantry).
  • Lieutenant Philip Francis Payne-Gallwey(Lancers, Indian Army) is killed at age 21.  He is the son of the Reverend Francis Henry Payne-Gallwey Rector of Sessay Thirsk, cousin of ‘Sir’ Ralph Payne Gallwey and nephew of General A Lowry Cole CB DSO.
  • Lieutenant David Rex Wilson (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the grandson of Alderman Jonathan Angus.
  • Lieutenant John Charles Close-Brooks (Life Guards) is killed at age 38. He is the son in law of Major General Beresford Lovett and JP for Cheshire. His brother will be killed in Mesoptamia in January 1917.
  • Lieutenant Frank Lennox Harvey (Lancers) is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Edward Douglas Lennox Harvey JP DL Vice Chairman of West Sussex County Council. His brother will be killed in three days serving in the same Regiment.
  • Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ Gerald Ernest Francis WardMVO (Life Guards) a son of the 1st Earl of Dudley is killed in at age 36. He played cricket for the Marylebone Cricket Club and is a veteran of the South African War. His body will not be found.
  • Lieutenant John Arnold St C Anstruther(Dragoon Guards attached Life Guards) is killed at age 25.  He is the only son of the late Colonel commanding 2nd Life Guards and a former Aide de Camp to the Governor General of Australia.
  • Lieutenant Nigel Walter Henry Legge-Bourke(Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 24. He is the son of Colonel ‘the Honorable’ ‘Sir’ Harry Legge-Bourke GCVO grandson of the 5th Earl of Dartmouth and is married to the youngest daughter of the 1st and Last Marquess of Lincolnshire KG. His only child will be born on 16 May 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ Francis Lambton(Royal Horse Guards) is killed at age 43.  He is the son of the 2nd Earl and Countess of Durham.
  • Second Lieutenant Francis Ludovic Carew(Hussars) is killed at age 19.  He is the son of Charles Carew a Member of Parliament and the grandson of the Reverend Robert Baker Carew.
  • Second Lieutenant Joseph Frain Webster(Black Watch attached Gordon Highlanders) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the late ‘Sir’ Francis Webster.
  • Second Lieutenant Rowland Le Belward Egerton (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in October 1918 and they are sons of ‘Sir’ Philip Henry Brian Grey-Egerton 12th
  • Second Lieutenant Frederick Charles Jennens Marillier (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is the son of the artist Ernest F Marillier and great grandson of J F Marillier for 50 years the Master at Harrow.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur Herbert Posden Burn (Dragoons) is killed at age 22. He is the son of Colonel Charles Rosdew Burn MP ADC to the King 1st Baronet who will later change his name to Forbes Leith and grandson of Lord Leith of Fyvie.
  • Second Lieutenant and Acting Adjutant Frederick Charles Hatton (Yorkshire Regiment) is killed with his Colonel at age 36. He is the part founder and one time editor of the Yokohama (Japan) Press. He fought in the South African War where he was wounded at Driefontein. He is related to ‘Sir’ Westby Brook Percival KCMG late Agent General for New Zealand. His wife is the niece of Alderman Thewlis late Lord Mayor of Manchester.
  • Sergeant Robert Henry Vanson age 28 and his brother Corporal Archibald John Vanson age 26 are killed together while serving in the Dragoons.
  • Corporal of Horse Herbert William Dawes (Life Guards) is killed at age 33. His brother will be killed tomorrow.
  • Private James Kane (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 22. He is a champion boxer at his weight.

The hospital ship HMHS Rohilla is wrecked when she strikes submerged rocks close to the Nab, Whitby, in a southeast easterly gale.  Out of two hundred twenty-nine on board, eighty-three are lost. The Whitby, Upgang and Tynermouth lifeboats pick up the survivors.

 HMHS Rohilla casualties include:

  • Roman Catholic Chaplain the Reverend Robert Basil Gwydir lost at age 47.
  • Brothers and Junior Reserve Attendants Thomas and Walter Horsfield are also killed. Thomas is described as an enthusiastic worker in the Salvation Army and drowns at age 47 while 35 year old Walter served twice in the South African War with General Hospitals.

Friday 7 August 1914 – We Lost 5 (plus one)

Kitchener appeals for the “First Hundred Thousand Recruits”.  As part of his appeal the poster “Your King and Country need you”, will be published in a few days.  The first of the ‘Service’ Battalions raised by Lord Kitchener is the 4th (Service) Battalion, South Wales Borderers under Lieutenant Colonel Franklin Macaulay Gillespie. Lieutenant Colonel Gillespie will be killed in action while directing the fire of a machine gun 9 August 1915 on Gallipoli at age 42.

An advance party of the BEF lands in France.

Troops of the Gold Coast Regiment cross the border into German East Africa in the first British offensive of the Great War.

Portugal informs Great Britain that it intends to honor its treaty obligations.

Today’s losses include 

  • The first person nominated for the Victoria Cross in 1854
  • The first soldier service in a colonial regiment to die
  • The first foreign national to die on service

Two deaths today are at opposite ends of the rankings in the Royal Navy

Retired Rear Admiral Charles Davis Lucas VC dies at age 80 and is not listed as a Great War victim in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission web site. On 21st June 1854 in the Baltic, Hecla, with two other ships, was bombarding Bomarsund, a fort in the Åland Islands off Finland. The fire was returned from the fort, and at the height of the action a live shell landed on Hecla’s upper deck, with its fuse still hissing. All hands were ordered to fling themselves flat on the deck, but Lucas with great presence of mind ran forward and hurled the shell into the sea, where it exploded with a tremendous roar before it hit the water. Thanks to Lucas’s action no one on board was killed or seriously wounded by the shell, and accordingly he was immediately promoted to lieutenant by his commanding officer. Soon afterwards he becomes the first person nominated for and is awarded the Victoria Cross.

Bombardment of Bomarsund

Bombardment of Bomarsund

Captain’s Cook Guiseppe Calleja a Maltese of HMS Glory dies at sea of apoplexy.

Private George Hamilton of the West African Regiment, West Africa Frontier Force dies on service.

Photo – wikipedia