Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: Tekke Tepe

Thursday 12 August 1915 – We Lost 688

Horace George Proctor-Beauchamp

Horace George Proctor-Beauchamp

This morning three infantry battalions of the 163rd Brigade (1st/5th Norfolk, 1st/5th Suffolk and 1st/8th Hampshire) are occupying trenches, running south from the right of the 10th Division.  They have occupied these positions since the early morning yesterday, and they have experienced artillery fire and a certain amount of sniping; they are also suffering from a shortage of water and great difficulty has been experienced in getting water to them. At 13:15, orders are received at Brigade HQ, which is still situated at the beach, to advance and clear the area around Anafarta Spur of snipers. Brigade is informed that the advance is to commence at 16:00 and instructions are sent to Colonel ‘Sir’ Horace George Proctor-Beauchamp 6th Baronet CB (Commanding Officer of the 1st/5th Norfolk – who is in local command of the Brigade in the trenches) to order the Brigade to be ready at 16:00.  By 15:25 Brigade Headquarters has moved from the beach and established itself on the forward line of trenches near the Headquarters of the Suffolk Regiment.  Here Staff Officers are dismayed to hear that the orders to be ready to advance at 16:00 have not been received by the Suffolk or the Hampshire Regiments. Not with standing this breakdown in communication, the planned naval bombardment commences precisely at 16:00.  The Brigade attack commences at 16:40, units advancing in a line running approximately north and south in the following order: from north to south Suffolk Regiment – with the Norfolk Regiment in support in rear of the Suffolk Regiment then the Hampshire and remaining members of the Norfolk Regiment.

The attack is delayed but the bombardment, predominantly naval, is on time – though largely ineffective as heavy explosives rather than shrapnel is employed, and the targets have not been clearly specified, though the noise would certainly have been comforting for the waiting British troops.  The advance starts at approximately 16:45 and almost immediately the Norfolk Regiment makes a half-turn to the right resulting in a separation of forces and confusion.  After about 1,000 yards advance across the plain (difficult, thorny scrub, ditches and dry watercourse) the Brigade is subjected to devastating enfilade fire (machine guns and small arms from the left, from the direction of Kidney Hill, and shelling, shrapnel from the right, from the direction of the W Hills; but the firing is less ferocious from the front allowing the advance to progress, although many men fall to sniper fire from well concealed positions hidden in the scrub and low well-leafed trees(stunted oaks).  Some elements of the Norfolk Regiment on the right outpace the Hampshire Regiment in the center and the Suffolk Regiment on the left.  The confusion is increased by the scrub being set on fire by shell fire and the chaotic advance continues unsupported through thick smoke, component forces getting split, disorientated and attacked by defending Turks; resulting in many casualties killed and wounded. The men, weak through lack of sleep and water become exhausted and the attack slows. Some (notably a number of the Norfolks) press on and, getting beyond the Turkish line are dealt with by the defending forces.  The attack halts and a rallying position is established in the sunken track near the Anafarta wells Anafarta Plain looking towards Tekke Teppe.

The advance of the 163rd Brigade fails for familiar reasons: inadequate preparation, complete absence of reconnaissance, failure to identify objectives, ineffective artillery bombardment, lack of experience of the troops, inefficiency – indeed possible incompetence of leaders and, very importantly, the resolute resistance of the Turkish defenders.  As a result of the failure of the Brigade’s attack the major offensive towards Tekke Teppe by the 54th Division, planned for dawn tomorrow is cancelled.

Bauchop’s Hill, Table Top, and a considerable salient covering Argyl Dere have all been captured by the Allies.  At the south end of the line Lone Pine is secured by the 1st Australian Division but Baby 700, Chunuk Bair and Hill 60 (on the Suvla side) are still in enemy hands.

Flight Commander Charles H K Edmonds (Royal Naval Air Service) flies from the Gulf of Xeros (HMS Ben my Chree) to attack Turkish shipping and becomes the first man to torpedo and sink shipping from the air.

Production on the first tank is begun: No 1 Lincoln or Tritton Machine will be called ‘Little Willie’.

The government orders 1,000 Stokes mortars the first 20 of which will be delivered on 6th September and sent to France on 11th September.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Baronet and his nephew
  • Two sons of Baronets
  • Two battalion commanders
  • The first mountaineer to scale Mount Aspiring in New Zealand
  • Two members of the premier sail making family in England
  • A film actor and director
  • The father of actress Dorothy Holmes-Gore
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • A bronze medal Olympic rower
  • A staff member of the Winnipeg Telegraph
  • A rugby footballer
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • A man who will lose three brothers in service of King and Country
  • Multiple men who will have two brothers killed in the Great WSar
  • Three brothers killed together
  • Multiple examples of men who will have a brother killed in the Great War

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

 Among those killed in the attack of the 163rd Brigade are:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Horace George Proctor-Beauchamp CB the 6th Baronet and his nephew Second Lieutenant Montagu Barclay Granville Proctor-Beauchamp (Norfolk Regiment) age 22 son of the Reverend ‘Sir’ Montagu H Proctor-Beauchamp the 7th
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Morriss Armes (commanding 5th Suffolk Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in April 1916.
  • Brothers Captain Edward Randall Cubitt (Norfolk Regiment) and Lieutenant Victor Murray Cubitt are both killed. Edward dies at age 30, while Victor is only 27. They are the sons of E G Cubitt JP who will lose another son in April 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Randall Burroughs a cousin of the Cubitts is also killed. Captain Frank Reginald Beck MVO is killed at age 54. He was instrumental in the formation of the Sandringham Company of Volunteers.
  • His nephew Lieutenant Albert Edward Alexander Beck MC (Norfolk Regiment) is killed in action at age 34. His brothers will be killed in April and August 1917.
  • Captain Arthur Edward Martyr Ward (Norfolk Regiment) is killed at age 37. He is the son of the Reverend John Martyr Ward Rector of Gressenhall.
  • Lieutenant Marcus Francis Oliphant (Norfolk Regiment) is killed. He is the son of the Reverend Francis George Oliphant.
  • Another set of brothers Captains Donald White Ratsey age 31 and Clayton Ratsay (Hampshire Regiment) age 29 are also killed at Suvla Bay. They command C and D companies respectively.  Their younger brother Lieutenant Stephen Gilbert Ratsey will be killed in April 1917 in Palestine.  For hundreds of years the family has been considered the premier sail makers in England.
  • Captain Arthur Holmes-Gore (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 45. He is a film actor and director and father of the actress Dorothy Holmes-Gore. He is an actor/director on both the stage and movies in Great Britain and the United States. He appeared in a total of eight movies including The Prisoner of Zenda and directed three movies in 1914.
  • Second Lieutenant Laurence Charles Watson (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of wounds in April 1917.
  • Also killed in the Hampshire Regiment today are three brothers serving together. Riflemen Edward George Urry (35) and his younger brothers Frederick Albert (21) and William Henry Urry (26) are killed as they advance across Kuchak Anafarta Ova on Gallipoli. The family’s tragedy on this day does not end with their deaths as Edward’s brother-in-law Rifleman William Richardson of the same Regiment is killed in the same action at age 21.
  • Rifleman Reginald Robert Sibbick (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. His brother was killed last month also on Gallipoli.
  • Rifleman Philip Gilbert (Hampshire) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Rifleman Adolphus Roy Ballard (Hampshire Regiment) is killed at age 18. He has three cousins (all brothers) who will be killed later in the War.

Also lost on Gallipoli

  • Major Bernard Head (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed on Gallipoli at age 39. He is a mountaineer who was the first to scale Mount Aspiring New Zealand in 1909 which is the central figure feature of Mount Aspiring National Park.
  • Major De Lacy Woolrich Passy (Punjabis attached Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed on Gallipoli at age 37. His brother was killed in October 1914.
  • Second Lieutenant Edmund Maurice Buckley (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) dies of wounds on Gallipoli at age 29. He is the son of the late ‘Sir’ Edmund Buckley the 2nd
  • Company Sergeant Major Andrew Thomas Cumming (Australian Infantry) dies of wounds at sea off Gallipoli at age 25. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Private Charles Bray (Duke of Wellington’s Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 23. His brother will die at home in June 1918.
  • Private James Henry Harding (North Staffordshire Regiment) is killed. He is the first of four brothers who will lose their lives in the service of their King the next two are killed in the Great War and the last in the sinking of the submarine M1 lost in a collision with a Swedish steamship in November 1925 with no survivors.
  • The 2nd Battalion South Wales Borderers is attacked while repairing damaged trenches on Gallipoli. They suffer one casualty Private John Herbert Harris a well known local Rugby player being killed.

On the Western Front

  • Major Hugh Speke (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed at age 37. He is the son of the Reverend Benjamin Speke Rector of Dowlish Wake and a veteran of the South Africa War.  He is an ordained Deacon and Priest of the Church of England and a mission priest in Western Canada who returned to join the forces in October 1914.
  • Lieutenant Edward Gordon Williams (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 27. He was on the Bronze Medal winning 1908 Olympic men’s eight crew and rowed for Cambridge in the Boat Race from 1908 to 1910.

Non-combat losses today

  • Lieutenant Gilbert Thomas Richardson Pettigrew (Herefordshire Regiment attached Royal Flying Corps) is accidentally killed in England. He is on the staff of the Winnipeg Telegraph and formerly of the Montreal Daily Mai and is the former Private Secretary of the Minister of Public Works for Manitoba.
  • Private Albert T Williams (Canadian Infantry) dies on service at home at age 21. His brother will be killed in June 1916.

Monday 9 August 1915 – We Lost 2,714

Poet Nowell Oxland

Poet Nowell Oxland

General Godley remains at his headquarters near the beach, largely ignorant of the state of the fighting on Chunuk Bair. His plan for today is to take Hill Q. The main force for the assault is the 38th Brigade of the 13th Division commanded by Brigadier General Anthony Baldwin. Baldwin but the situation is so confused that the force he leads toward Hill Q contains only one of his normal battalions, the 6th East Lancashire Regiment. He also has the 9th Worcestershire Regiment and 9th Warwickshire Regiment from the 39th Brigade and the 5th Wiltshire Regiment from the 40th Brigade (who would later be redirected to reinforce Chunuk Bair). Plus he leads two 10th (Irish) Division battalions; the 10th Hampshire Regiment and 6th Royal Irish Rifles from the 29th Brigade.

This force will climb to Hill Q from the Farm. At the same time the New Zealanders on the right from Chunuk Bair and units of General Vaughn Cox’s Indian Brigade on the left will also attack the hill. The plan falls apart when Baldwin’s battalions become lost in the dark trying to find the Farm which they do not reach until after dawn around 06:00. The only force to reach Hill Q is Allanson’s battalion of Gurkhas. They suffer the same fate as Colonel Malone, shelled by their own artillery, and their stay on the hill is brief. With the offensive once again stalled, the New Zealanders on Chunuk Bair have to endure another day of Turkish harassment. As night falls the remaining New Zealanders move back to the Apex and are replaced by two New Army battalions, the 6th  North Lancashire Regiment and some of the 5th Wiltshire Regiment from Baldwin’s force.

At about 05:00 this morning, a series of determined attacks is made by the enemy on an isolated sap, where six officers are killed or severely wounded, a portion of the sap being lost.  Lieutenat William John Syons (Australian Infantry) then leads a charge and retakes the sap, shooting two Turks with his revolver.  The sap is under hostile fire from three sides and Lieutenant Symons withdraws some fifteen yards to a spot where some overhead cover can be obtained, and in the face of heavy firfe, builds up a sand barricade.  The enemy succeeds in setting fire to the fascines and woodword of the head-cover, but Lieutenant Symons extinguishes the fire and rebuilds the barricade.  For his actions this day and yesterday he will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

At Lone Pine the enemy makes a determined counter attack on the center of the newly captured trench held by Lieutenant Frederick Harold Tubb, two corporals Alexander Stewart Burton and William Dunstan (Australian Infantry) and a few men.  The enemy blow in the sandbag barricade leaving only a foot standing, but the lieutenant and the two corporals repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade.  Twice more the enemy blows in the barricade and on each occasion they are repulsed and the barricade rebuilt, Corporal Burton is killed while most gallantly building up the parapet under a hail of bombs.  All three men will be awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions on this day.

During a heavy bomb attack by the enemy on the newly captured position at Lone Pine, Private John Hamilton (Australian Infantry), with utter disregard of personal safety, exposes himself under a heavy fire on the parados, in order to secure a better fire position against the enemy’s bomb throwers.  His coolness and daring example has an immediate effect.  The enemy is driven off with heavy losses.  For his actions on this day he will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

During the morning Captain Alfred John Shout (Australian Infantry) at Lone Pine trenches and with a small party charges down trenches strongly occupied by the enemy and personally throws four bombs among them, killing eight and routing the remainder.  In the afternoon from the position gained in the morning he captures a further length of trench under similar conditions but as he is holding three bombs the final one, having thrown the other two, bursts in his hand destroying his right hand and shattering the left side of his face and body.  Carried to the rear he dies two days later on board HMHS Euralia.  For his actions on this day he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

The march by 32nd Brigade from Suvla Bay to Tekke Tepe ridge, in darkness over unfamiliar, rough terrain, is difficult and the brigade will not approach the summit until 04:00. Turkish reinforcements have reached the ridge shortly before them and meet the exhausted British infantry with a bayonet charge. The 32nd Brigade is virtually annihilated in a matter of minutes and the remnants of the battalions scatter back towards the beach. Around midday the gunfire set scrub alight on Scimitar Hill.

A battalion of Gurkhas from the Indian Brigade, commanded by Major Cecil Allanson, reach a secondary objective, the neighboring summit of Hill Q, today but are forced to retreat shortly afterwards.

The destroyer HMS Lynx (Commander John Francis Herbert Cole, Royal Navy) strikes a mine in a field off Moray Firth laid by the German auxiliary minelayer Meteor.  There are seventy casualties including her commanding officer while there are twenty-six survivors.

Today’s losses include:

  • A member of the New Zealand Parliament
  • A Great War Poet
  • A relative of the architect Edwin Lutyens an architect of many WWI memorials
  • Two battalion commanders
  • A son of the 1st Baron Hewart
  • A brother of the 8th Earl of Dartmouth
  • A son of the 10th Baron Middleton
  • The son of a Baronet
  • A son of a General
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • Multiple examples of sons of members of the clergy
  • Two brothers killed together by ‘friendly fire’
  • Multiple examples of two brothers killed together
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • A man who will have his two brothers killed tomorrow in the same regiment
  • Multiple examples of men who will have a brother killed in the Great War
  • A man whose nephew will be killed in the Second World War
  • A man whose father was killed in November 1914 as the fleet surgeon of HMS Good Hope
  • A man whose brother will be killed in North Africa in 1941
  • The ‘father’ of actor David Niven
  • An Australian Rugby International
  • Two Rosslyn Park Rugby footballers
  • A member of the All-Blacks
  • A player for the Workington Central Football Club

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

 Major Frank Hadfield Statham (Otago Regiment) and his brother Corporal Clive Heathcote Falk Statham (Otago Regiment,) a Member of Parliament in New Zealand are both killed about 05:00 when a Turkish attack on their position is at its height.  Three high explosive howitzer shells coming from the right rear land near their position killing the brothers and seven or eight other men. The shell almost certainly comes from one of the howitzer batteries inside the old ANZAC line. They are killed by ‘friendly’ fire.

  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Glanville Allen Moore (commanding 6th East Yorkshire Regiment) is murdered at age 50 after being taken prisoner by the Turks when he is stabbed and bayoneted through the back, he dies about 10 minutes later. He is the son of the Reverend Henry Dawson Moore former Vicar of Hornby.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Franklin MacAulay Gillespie (commanding 4th South Wales Borderers) is killed on Gallipoli at age 42.
  • Major Henry Pulleine John Cowell (Royal Field Artillery attached Royal Horse Artillery) dies of wounds on a hospital ship off Gallipoli at age 34. He is the son of Major General the Right Honorable ‘Sir’ John Clayton Cowell KCB PC and a veteran of the South African War.
  • Major James McGregor Elmslie (Wellington Mounted Rifles) dies of wounds at age 38. He is a South African War veteran and football player and his brother will die of wounds in Egypt in 1917.
  • Another Major in the Wellington Rifles Norman Frederick Hastings DSO commanding the 6th Squadron dies of wounds at age 35. He is also a South Africa War veteran and one of only 14 members of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces to be awarded the Legion of Honour by the President of France.
  • Captain Robert Maxwell Pike (Royal Flying Corps) is killed in action at age 29. He is the son of Robert Lechy Pike DL.
  • Captain Percival Leathley Browne (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 32. He is the son of the late Reverend S B Browne and his brother will die of wounds next April received in the Easter Rising.
  • Captain ‘The Honorable’ Gerald Legge (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 33. He is the brother of the 8th Earl of Dartmouth and son of the 6th His nephew will be killed in the Second War.
  • Captain Francis George Godfrey Willoughby (Rifle Brigade) is killed in action at age 25. He is the son of the 10th Baron Middleton and has a brother who will be killed at the Battle of Jutland.
  • Captain Charles Graeme Lutyens (East Lancashire Regiment) dies of wounds received at Sari Bahr on Gallipoli at age 28. His brother will die of wounds in January 1918 and the brothers are related to the architect Edwin Lutyens who will design many Great War Memorials.
  • Captain Robert Dewar Squires (Sherwood Foresters) is killed on Gallipoli at age 27. He is the son of the late Reverend Robert Alfred Squires Vicar of St Peter’s St Albans.
  • Captain Cuthbert Arthur Verge (Medical Officer 6th Australian Light Horse) dies in Egypt of dysentery contracted on Gallipoli at age 35. He played international rugby for Australia against Great Britain in 1904.
  • Captain Ralph Hawksworth Legard (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 40. He is a Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer and his brother will die of wounds in 1924 while serving as Headmaster at Bow School, Durham that he received in the war
  • Lieutenant Kenneth John Wyatt Peake (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. He has two brothers who will be killed in the Great War, one in 1915 the other in 1916.
  • Lieutenant Geoffrey Pennell Walsh (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 22. His father was Fleet Surgeon James Joseph Walsh (HMS Good Hope) when she went down in November 1914.
  • Lieutenant Richard Parker Gilbanks (Border Regiment) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend William Foster Gilbanks Rector of Gt Orton.
  • Lieutenant Herbert Debenham (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at Chunak Bair at age 26 when he is shot through the heart while leading an attack. He is the son of the Reverend John Wilmot Debenham.
  • Lieutenant Nowell Oxland (Border Regiment) is killed in action two days after landing at Suvla Bay at Gallipoli at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend William Oxland (Royal Navy) Rector of Alston and one of the minor Great War Poets. He showed promise of becoming a writer of distinction and his poem “Outward Bound” is first published in The Times later this year while his Poems and Stories will be published in 1917. He played rugby football for Rosslyn Park, Richmond, Middlesex and Cumberland. He is a friend and contemporary of William Noel Hodgson who will be killed on the Somme in July 1916.
  • Lieutenant Stanley Charles Squire (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 22. His brother is wounded in the same action and they are sons of the Reverend Charles Henry Squire Vicar of Southrop.
  • Lieutenant William Edward Graham Niven (Berkshire Yeomanry) is killed in action at Scimitar Hill at age 37. He is the father of the actor David Niven.
  • Lieutenant William John Osborne (Lancashire Fusiliers) dies of wounds received in action two days prior in the same action that his younger brother was killed.
  • Lieutenant Hubert Hartnell-Sinclair (Australian Infantry) dies of wounds at Kaiajik Aghala, near Hill 971 north Anzac at age 30. His brother will be killed in France serving in the British Army next month.
  • Lieutenant William Louis Jennings Longbourne (Royal West Surrey Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 27. His brother will be killed in May 1917.
  • Lieutenant Frank Ernest Gent (West Yorkshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 22. He is the son of the late Albert William Gent JP.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Giles Prichard (East Yorkshire Regiment) dies of wounds at home at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Collwyn Prichard Vicar of Alresford who lost another son in April of this year.
  • Lieutenant George Herbert Davies (Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 26. His brother will be killed next July and they are sons of the Reverend John Bayley Davies Rector of Waters Upton.
  • Lieutenant E M Harper (Munster Fusiliers) is killed in the Dardanelles. His brother will be killed in July 1916.
  • Lieutenant Laurence Trench Wilson (Royal Garrison Artillery attached Royal Engineers) is killed at age 30 on the Western Front. He is the son of the late Reverend Alfred Wilson, Vicar of St Michaels Bedford Park London.
  • Lieutenant Michael Vallancey Molloy (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Eben Molloy Vicar of Shenstone.
  • Second Lieutenant Gordon Morley Hewart (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. He is the son of the 1st Baron Hewart.
  • Second Lieutenant Aubrey William Fyldes (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 18. He is the son of the Reverend William Fyldes Vicar of Witton.
  • Second Lieutenant Culcheth Holcroft (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 20. He is the son of ‘Sir’ George Harry Holcroft 1st Baronet who will have another son killed in 1941 in North Africa.
  • Second Lieutenant William Charles Mayo (Sherwood Foresters) is killed on Gallipoli. He is the son of the Reverend Dr. James Mayo of Trinity College Cambridge who will lose another son in August 1918.
  • Second Lieutenant John Digby Cartwright (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend William Cartwright Rector of Aynhoe who will lose another son killed in September 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Walter Bassett Morgan (South Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli three months after his brother was killed also on Gallipoli. A third brother will be killed in a flying accident in May 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Henry Longbottom (South Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 21. His brother was killed ten days ago.
  • Sergeant Henry Dewar (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 33. He is a prominent and popular rugby footballer and was a member of the All Blacks that toured California in 1913.
  • Sergeant Geoffrey Gibbings Wacher (London Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed in October 1917.
  • Lance Sergeant Harold Ernest Sanby (Rifle Brigade) is killed. His brother will be killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Brothers Lance Sergeant Henry and Corporal Albert Cottrell (Sherwood Foresters) are killed together.
  • Lance Corporal Harry Wise (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 19. His brother will be killed in May 1917 when HMS Derwent strikes a mine. Private Benjamin Shaw (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 24. His brother was killed last November.
  • Private Charles Alfred McKee (Border Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 33. His brother will be killed in September 1918.
  • Private Joseph Morgan (South Wales Borderers) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 29. His younger brother died of wounds in Egypt received in action on Gallipoli ten weeks earlier.
  • Private Francis William Fletcher (Sherwood Foresters) is killed on Gallipoli at age 24. His two brothers will both be killed later in the war the first next December and the second in 1917.
  • Privates Albert & Arthur Wadkin (West Yorkshire Regiment) are killed together on Gallipoli. Albert dies at 22 while his younger brother dies at age 20.
  • Private Benjamin Nutter (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 26. His brother was killed in May of this year.
  • Private Albert Fisher is killed in action serving with the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment on Gallipoli. His two brothers will be killed serving in the same regiment tomorrow.
  • Private Laurence Barnard Carlton (Royal Army Medical Corps) is killed on Gallipoli at age 22. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Arthur Carlton.
  • Private Joseph Lilliman (Sherwood Foresters) is killed. He is the middle of three brothers who will be killed in the war.
  • Private Ernest Baguley (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed in September 1916.
  • Private Percy George Sprott (Otago Regiment) is killed at age 22 on Gallipoli. His brother will die of wounds in November.
  • Private Albert Iceton (Border Regiment) is killed at age 25. He was a prominent footballer for Workington Central Football Club.
  • Trooper Thomas Lewis Douglas (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 26 the day after his brother was killed.
  • Trooper Richard Murphy (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed in action Chunuk Bair, Anzac serving alongside his brother Trooper Michael Murphy who is also killed. A third brother will be killed in November 1917.
  • Trooper Francis Darbyshire Twisleton (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed in action. His brother will be killed in action in October 1917.
  • Trooper James Ernest Walkley (Wellington Mounted Rifles) is killed. He is one of Manawaitu’s finest fullbacks.
  • Private Luke Knight (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 23. He is the first of three brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Brothers Albert, 21, and Allen Harper, 23, die while serving with the Lincolnshire Regiment and Edward 26, and Percy Stennett, 19, are also killed while serving in the same battalion.

Sunday 8 August 1915 – We Lost 1,953

Lemon Squeezer hat

Lemon Squeezer hat

Four days into her second patrol E11 (Lieutenant Commander Martin Nasmith) sinks the Turkish battleship Heireddin Barbarossa.

The Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS India (Commander William George Ainslie Kennedy) is sunk by U-22 in the Norwegian Sea while on the Northern Patrol.  There are one hundred sixty casualties including AB Walter James Farrier who is one of three brothers who will be killed in the Great War, while one hundred forty-one survive. Engine Room Artificer Robert Beaumont Stone is also lost just six days after his brother was killed on the Western Front. The Armed Boarding Steamer HMS Ramsey (Lieutenant Harry Raby RNR) intercepts a steamship flying the Russian flag, but which is actually the German Auxiliary Minesweeper Meteor. After being crippled by point-blank gunfire, Ramsey is struck amidships by a German torpedo and sinks. Five Officers, including the Commanding Officer and fifty-four ratings are lost, and a further four officers and thirty-nine ratings taken prisoner. Tomorrow the Meteor will encounter superior British forces and scuttle herself, Ramsey’s crew returning home in the Undaunted.

Shortly after 03:00 following a naval bombardment of the peak, the Wellington Infantry followed by the Gloucestershire Regiment reach Chunuk Bair virtually unopposed. The preceding barrage has driven most of the Turkish defenders away as the ground is too hard and rocky for deep entrenchments. Chunuk Bair will prove hard to defend. It is only possible to scrape shallow trenches among the rocks. The peak is exposed to fire from the main Turkish line on Battleship Hill to the south and from Hill Q to the north. If the original plan for the offensive had worked, Hill Q would have been in Allied hands. Lieutenant Colonel CecilAllanson’s battalion of Gurkhas reached it briefly the following day but they are in no position to offer relief to the troops on Chunuk Bair.

By 05:00 the Turks are counter-attacking against the Wellington Infantry. The slope of the hill is so steep that the Turks can get within 20 metres of the trenches without being seen. The New Zealander fight desperately to hold off the Turks, firing their rifles and those of their fallen companions until the wood of the stock is too hot to touch. When the Turks get up to the trenches the fighting continues with the bayonet. The Turks overrun part of the New Zealand trench and take prisoners. In full daylight, reinforcements are only reaching the summit at a trickle. The fight rages all day until the trenches are clogged with the New Zealand dead. Around 17:00 The Turks have recaptured the east side of the summit and are reinforced from Helles. As darkness falls the fighting subsides and the Wellington Infantry is relieved. Out of the 760 men of the battalion who have reached the summit, 711 have become casualties. Malone had resisted sending his men on a suicidal charge when told to follow the Auckland Battalion on 7th August. A day later the outcome is the same. The New Army battalions have suffered also with 417 casualties among the Welsh Regiment troops and 350 in the Gloucestershire Regiment including all the officers of the battalion. For the wounded the suffering is only beginning. Some take three days to travel from the higher reaches of Rhododendron Spur to the beach, a little over a kilometer away.

At Suvla Bay Stopford is satisfied with the results of the first day. This morning he signals Hamilton: “Major-General Hammersley and troops under him deserve great credit for the result attained against strenuous opposition and great difficulty. I must now consolidate the position held.”  The British staff has estimated that it will take the Turkish divisions at Bulair 36 hours to reach Suvla — they could be expected to arrive this evening. Hamilton is dismayed by the lack of progress so far and the absence of any drive from Stopford or his subordinates. He has already dispatched Captain Aspinall to discover first-hand what is happening at Suvla. Aspinall is accompanied by Lieutenant-Colonel Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence, who is to report on the progress of the campaign to the British Cabinet. When he receives Stopford’s signal, Hamilton decides to see Suvla for himself, travelling on the yacht HMS Triad.

Aspinall and Hankey initially find the ease and inactivity at Suvla encouraging assuming it means the fighting is now moved to the hills. Once on the beach, they are warned to keep their heads down as the front line was only a few hundred yards away — and that Stopford is still aboard the Jonquil. Aspinall finds Stopford “in excellent spirits”, well satisfied with progress. When Aspinall points out that the men have not reached the high ground, Stopford replied, “No, but they are ashore.” Aspinall and Hamilton both converge on the light cruiser HMS Chatham, the flagship of Rear-Admiral John de Robeck who commands the landing fleet. Finally, this afternoon nearly two days after the landing, Hamilton gains a clear picture of events. Accompanied by Aspinall and Commodore Roger Keyes, he crosses to the Jonquil to confront Stopford who had finally been ashore to consult with Hammersley. Stopford and Hammersley plan to order an advance the following morning but Hamilton insists that an advance be made immediately so at 18:30 the 32nd Brigade is ordered to march two and a half miles to the Tekke Tepe ridge.

When his detachment is relieved after twenty-four hours under continuous attack Lieutenant (Acting Captain) William Thomas Forshaw (Manchester Regiment) volunteers to continue the direction of the operations in the north-west corner of ‘The Vineyard’.  Three times during this night he is again heavily attacked, and once the Turks get over the barricade, but after shooting three with his revolver, he leads his men forward and recaptures it.  When he rejoins his battalion he is choked and sickened by bomb fumes, badly bruised by a fragment of shrapnel, and can barely lift his arm from continuous bomb throwing.  It is due to his personal example, magnificent courage and endurance that this very important corner is held.

For the most conspicuous bravery on this night at Lone Pine Trenches Lieutenant William John Symons (Australian Infantry) will be awarded the Victoria Cross.  He is in command of the right section of the newly captured trenches held by his battalion and repels several counter-attacks with great coolness.  (See 9th August)

At Lone Pine Lance Corporal Leonard Keysor (Australian Infantry) successfully bombs the enemy out of a position from which temporary mastery over his own trench has been obtained.  He is again wounded in this action.  Although marked for hospital, he declines to leave and volunteers to throw bombs for another company that has lost its bomb thrower.  He continues to bomb the enemy until the situation is relieved.  For his actions on this and the previous day he will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

Today’s losses include:

  • A man killed trying to recover his Colonel’s body
  • Three battalion commanders
  • A man killed by ‘friendly fire’
  • A man who will have two sons killed, one each World War
  • The inventor of the ‘lemon squeezer’ hat which will be adopted by the entire New Zealand Army later in the war
  • An All-Blacks Rugby player
  • An Australian Rules footballer
  • A champion runner
  • The Assistant Master at Wanganui Technical College
  • Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The son of a Jurist
  • The oldest ANZAC killed on Gallipoli
  • A 15-year old boy
  • Multiple examples of brothers killed together
  • Multiple examples of men who will have two brothers killed in the Great War
  • Multiple examples of man who will have one brother killed in the Great War

 Today’s highlighted casualties are:

  • Lieutenant Colonel William George Malone (Wellington Infantry) is killed in action at Chunuk Bair at age 53. He is a barrister and senior partner at Malone, Anderson and Johnston and had unsuccessfully stood for parliament on one or two occasions. He invented the “lemon squeezer” hat which was made the regimental hat in 1911. It mirrored the outline of Mount Taranaki/Egmont and allowed rain to run off it. In September 1916 the hat will be adopted by the entire New Zealand army. It is now believed that Colonel Malone was killed by ‘friendly fire’; a shell fired either from a British warship, or from within the old Anzac lines.  He has two sons who will lose their lives in the service of their King and Country. The first Lieutenant Edmond Leo Malone will be killed in April 1918 the second Captain William Bernard Malone will be killed in December 1943.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Frank Milton Rowell (commanding 3rd Australian Light Horse) dies at sea on HMHS Gloucester Castle of peritonitis at age 39.
  • Lieutenant Colonel William George Malone (Wellington Infantry) is killed at age 53.
  • Private Arthur Vivian Carbines (Wellington Infantry) is killed trying to recover the body of his Colonel.
  • Major Charles John Venables DSO (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 50. He is the son of Addington Venables, the Bishop of Nassau 1893-1876. He served in the South African War where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.
  • Major Frank Chapman (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed in action at Rhododendron Ridge on Gallipoli. At age 57 he is the oldest member of the Anzac to be killed at Gallipoli.
  • Captain Edward Berry Carpenter (Plymouth Battalion Royal Marines Light Infantry) died of wounds off Gallipoli at age 29. He is the son of the Reverend Edward Stanley Carpenter Vicar of Highcliffe and Private Secretary to ‘Sir’ Laurence Guillemard of the Home Civil Service.
  • Captain Charles Percy Gwyer (Welsh Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 32. His brother will be killed in August 1918.
  • Lieutenant Clement Marshall Cazalet (New Zealand Infantry and staff officer to Brigadier General Johnston) dies of wounds. He is an interpreter in French, German and Russian. His Brigadier will be killed in August 1917.
  • Lieutenant Joseph Bagnall Lee (Munster Fusiliers) dies of wounds received the previous day on Gallipoli at age 27. His brother will be killed in the sinking of RMS Leinster in October 1918.  They are sons of the late Edward Lee JP.
  • Lieutenant George Leonard Purcahs Brookfield (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of wounds next June.
  • Lieutenant John Sinclair Bain (Wellington Infantry) dies of wounds. His brother was killed previously.
  • Second Lieutenant Thomas Marshall Percy Grace (Wellington Infantry) is killed at age 25. He played Rugby for the Maori team against Australia in 1912.
  • Second Lieutenant Francis Gawan-Taylor (York and Lancaster Regiment) is killed at age 22. His is the son of His Honour Judge H Gawan-Taylor. His brother will be killed in April 1917.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur Ewart Jones (Welsh Regiment) is killed in action on Gallipoli at age 28. He is the son of the Reverend William Jones.
  • Sergeant Walter Cecil Riley (Auckland Infantry) is killed. His brother will be killed in October of next year.
  • Sergeant Albert Joseph Downing (Wellington Infantry) who played five Test Matches and twenty-six games for the All Blacks Rugby team is killed in action at age 31. He is the first New Zealand rugby player killed in the Great War.
  • Sergeant Sydney Melville Okey (Wellington Infantry) is killed. His brother will be killed in September of next year.
  • Sergeant Bertrand Innes Auchterlonie (Australian Infantry) is killed in action at age 21. He has two brothers, one of whom will be killed on Gallipoli in October of this year the other will be killed in August 1918.
  • Corporal Frank Te Kauru Best (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 25. He is the grandson of ‘the Honorable’ William Swanson.
  • Corporal John Geoffrey Persse (Australian Infantry) is killed. His brother will die on service as a Lieutenant Commander in the Royal Navy at sea in November 1918.
  • Lance Corporal John Auguste Emile Harris (Australian Infantry) is killed at Lone Pine. His father writes after the war that he was fifteen years old.
  • Lance Corporal Archibald Taylor (Wellington Infantry) is killed at age 20. He is the assistant master at the Wanganui Technical College.
  • Two Privates serving in the Wellington Infantry will be killed today and lose brothers in September 1916. Privates Henry Guy Fearon and Private Thomas William Robinson (age 21) are both killed.
  • Privates and brothers Alfred Harphan (age 24) and Franklin Corlett (age 22) are killed together.
  • Brothers and Privates Harold and Herbert Wheeler (Australian Infantry) are killed while serving together on Gallipoli.
  • Private Edward Denslow (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 28. His two brothers will be killed in August 1917.
  • Private James Tod Aitken (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 33. He is a former Australian Rule footballer who played for Geelong.
  • Trooper Alex Duncan McKay (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 31. He is the son of J M McKay JP.
  • Trooper George Lloyd (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed. He is the running champion of both the Auckland and Wellington Civil Service Clubs.
  • Trooper Charles Benjamin Harrison (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed. His brother was killed last month.
  • Trooper George Alexander Douglas (Auckland Mounted Rifles) is killed at age 28. His brother will be killed tomorrow.
  • Private Sydney Herbert Stokes and his brother Private James Fawcett Stokes (Wellington Infantry) are killed in action at Chunuk Bair, Anzac. Sydney is killed at age 26 while James is a year younger.
  • Another set of brothers killed today in the Wellington Infantry are Lance Corporal Clement Mellor killed at 21 and Private Arthur Foster Mellor killed at 30.
  • Private Henry Capel Pritt (Auckland Infantry) is killed at age 46. He is the son of the late Reverend Lonsdale Pritt Archdeacon of Waikato.
  • Private Edward Clement Andrews (Auckland Infantry) is killed at age 34. His brother will be killed in June 1916.
  • Rifleman Arnold Edwin Fearson (New Zealand Rifle Brigade) dies of wounds. His brother will die of wounds in September 1916.
  • Private John Spicer (Welsh Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 19. His brother was killed last May. Private Charles Ernest Beard (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will be killed in October 1918.
  • Private Victor Lawson Wellavise (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed at age 18. His brother will be killed in October 1918.
  • Private George Harry Elliott (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed on Gallipoli at age 24. His brother will be killed in March 1918.
  • Private Frederick John Bush Parker (Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 18. He is the son of the Reverend Frederick Talbot Parker Vicar of Knowle.
  • Private Frederick Sanger (London Regiment) dies of wounds at age 22. His brother was killed last May.