Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: Tory Island

Tuesday 27 October 1914 – We Lost 568

Prince Maurice of Battenberg

Prince Maurice of Battenberg

The Germans take Neuve Chapelle.

Gas is first used by the Germans when they fire a prototype of modern tear gas from artillery near Ypres.

A German wireless message is intercepted giving 05:30 two days later as the time and date for an attack on the Ypres sector.

Louis Botha is at Commissie Drift, near Rustenburg, South Africa and defeats the rebel Beyers.

A BE2a of 6 Squadron is shot down while on a reconnaisance patrol over Lille. The crew Lieutenant K Rawson-Shaw and Lieutenant H G L Mayne are taken prisoner becoming the first crew lost by this squadron.

At 09:00 the Second Battle Squadron is in line ahead formation twenty miles north-east of Tory Island when the battle ship HMS Audacious, third in line and in the process of turning starboard, strikes a mine. The mine explodes on the port side aft and the rolling of the ship causes a boat stowed on the quarter deck to break loose from its lashings, and as it thrashes back and forth it knocks the tops off the ventilators on the deck. As a result more and more water finds its way below, helped by a fractured waste pipe in the captain’s quarters below.  This extra flooding is outside of the area of subdivision enclosed by armored citadel and so it is virtually impossible to control.  Attempts to take her in tow by the liner Olympic and the collier Thornhill, meet with no success as she is almost unmanageable in the heavy swells. The crew is finally taken off by the Olympic and at 21:00 twelve hours after being mined she is shaken by an internal explosion and sinks.  Despite the fact that the Olympic, packed with British and American passengers, has seen the Audacious in critical condition the decision is made to ban all mention of the incident from the newspapers and it remains an official secret until after the war.  For four years the name Audacious appears in all official returns, even the most secret lists of day to day strength. Since virtually everyone in the Grand Fleet knows the truth, the only effect of this is to discredit the Admiralty. For a time the newspapers content themselves with using phrases such as ‘the audacious sinking of this ship”, and “another audacious loss”, etc.

 Today’s losses include:

  • Prince Maurice of Battenberg a Grandson of Queen Victoria
  • A nephew of the Irish Unionist politician, barrister and judge Edward Carson
  • Brother of a future Member of Parliament
  • Brother of the Captain of HMS Hood who will be killed when his ship is sunk by the Bismarck in 1941
  • Son of a man who died on service during the Ashanti War in 1896
  • A Battalion commander
  • The son of an Admiral
  • The great grandson of a General
  • The uncle of a man killed in the Second World War
  • A man married to the grand-daughter of a Baronet
  • The grandson of a man who fought the French in the West Indies in 1804
  • A man whose great great grandfather was killed at Quatre Bras
  • Son of clergy
  • Multiple examples of families that will lose two and three sons

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

 Prince Maurice Victor Donald Battenberg KCVO a Lieutenant in the King’s Royal Rifle Corps and a grandson, like the King, the Kaiser and the Tsar, of Queen Victoria dies of wounds at age 23.  He is the youngest grandson and names Victor to honor the late queen and Donald to Honor Scotland. His mother is the 5th daughter and youngest child of Victoria and Albert the Prince Consort. His father died of malaria at age 38 contracted while fighting in the Gold Coast in the Ashanti War in 1896.  He is leading his battalion across an open space when a shell explodes near him. Wishing his men good bye, he is taken by stretcher towards a field dressing station but dies before reaching it.

  •  Major Matthew Perceval BuckleDSO (commanding 1st Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 45. He is the son of Admiral C E Buckle and he served in the South African War where he was wounded.
  • Captain Walter Neave Wells (East Kent Regiment) is killed at age 32. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Richard Wells KCB and he served in the South African War.
  • Captain Henry Ouseley Davis (Irish Rifles) is killed by shrapnel at age 30. He is the great grandson of Major General ‘Sir’ Ralph Ouseley.
  • Captain Edward Spread Mulcahy Morgan (Irish Rifles) dies of wounds. His brother will be killed in September 1916 and their nephew will be killed serving in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve ion 4 January 1945.
  • Captain Frederick William Stoddart (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 43. His wife is the granddaughter of ‘Sir’ Robert Williams Baronet.
  • Lieutenant Alec Arthur Crichton Maitland-Addison(Cheshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 28. He will have two brothers killed later in the Great War.
  • Lieutenant Christopher Leather (Northumberland Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 31. He is the first of three brothers to lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Lieutenant Victor Harriott Hardy (York and Lancs Regiment) is killed at age 27. His grandfather was one of a small body of Englishmen who held the Fort of Roseau Dominica West Indies in 1804 when the French landed until relived by the British fleet under Nelson.
  • Lieutenant Francis Edward Robinson (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 19 leading an attack. He is the nephew of ‘Sir’ Edward Carson the Irish Unionist Politician, barrister and judge who represented the Marquess of Queensberry in his libel case with Oscar Wilde and who defended George Archer-Shee in 1911.
  • Lieutenant Edmund Swetenham (Durham Light Infantry) becomes the second of only two Swetenham’s to be killed in the war at age 24. His cousin was killed less than two months ago.
  • Second Lieutenant Robert Francis McLean Gee (Wiltshire Regiment) dies of wounds in England at age 20. He is the great great grandson of Captain William Buckley Royal Scots who was killed at Quatre Bras.
  • Second Lieutenant Owen William Eugene Herbert(Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action at age 21. He is the brother of Alan Patrick Herbert a Member of Parliament for the University of Oxford for fifteen years from 1935 to 1950. Another brother, Captain Sidney Jasper Herbert (Royal Navy) will be the Captain of HMS Hood and is killed when that ship is sunk by the Bismark on 24 May 1941.
  • Sergeant Frank Goodman Line (Border Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will be killed next May.
  • Lance Sergeant Sidney Barnard Thompson (Lancers) is killed at age 34. His brother will be killed tomorrow.
  • Private William Campbell(Black Watch) is killed at age 30. His younger brother will die of dysentery while serving at Salonica in 1917.
  • Private Ernest Condick (Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 26. In 1916 his two brothers will both be killed serving in the same regiment.
  • Private George Edwin Swain (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother Henry William will also be killed in the war.
  • Rifleman Frederick McCracken (Irish Rifles) is killed. His brother will be killed in the explosion of HMS Vanguard in July 1917.
  • Lieutenant General ‘Sir’ William Edmund FranklynKCB (3rd Division) dies at home at age 58.  He is the son of the Reverend J E Franklyn.

 

Monday 26 October 1914 – We Lost 825

Duke of Connaught's Own Baluchis badge

Duke of Connaught’s Own Baluchis badge

The Indian Corps carries out its first attack on the Western Front. Their first British officer to be killed, Captain Percival Campbell Hampe-Vincent (Duke of Connaught’s Own Baluchis), is lost as are nine of his men.  Within four days, four more British officers, four Indian officers and more than two hundred Indian soldiers will be killed. Captain Hampe-Vincent is the son of Robert W E Hampe-Vincent the Commissioner of Police in Bombay and he served in Somalia 1903-4.

In the Ypres Salient many British troops are killed or buried alive as British artillery fire into the village of Kruiseecke, unaware that it is occupied by their own men.

The Second Battle Squadron sails from its base at Mull for gunnery practice off Tory Island.  HMS Badger sinks a German submarine.

The Manchester Commerce (Master Charles William Bloom Payne) strikes a mine twenty miles from Tory Island and is sunk. Her master is among the fourteen casualties.

Louis Botha takes the field and announces the existence of an Afrikaner rebellion in South Africa.  A convoy of ships carrying Australian troops is nearing the Cape and the Imperial government offers them to Botha, but the offer is refused.  In fact, to reduce inter-community tensions, he deliberately uses primarily loyalist Afrikaners to put down the rebellion.  He orders 6,000 horsemen and several field guns to assemble at Vereeniging in the southern Transvaal and then goes there to take personal charge.  His aim is to capture Christiaan DeWet, although no one knows where he currently is.  As soon at Botha arrives at Vereeniging, he hurries to the post office to telephone Jan Smuts, but before he can place his call, the telephone rings and a voice at the other end whispers a curious message, “several of us were put here as prisoners at the Mushroom Valley farmhouse by DeWet.  We are locked in this room with the telephone.  The general and his staff are just in front of the house.  He intends camping here until tomorrow.  I can say no more for fear of being discovered and shot.  Please tell General Botha”.  Although DeWet is, in fact, leaning against a telephone pole at the time, it never occurs to him that his prisoners can simply pick up the telephone and call for help.  Botha at once heliographs to two of his generals on his flank and sets off with his horsemen for Mushroom Valley, about sixty miles northeast of Bloemfontein.  Lieutenant Colonel Maritz is driven from South African into German territory.

A BE2a of 4th Squadron is shot down by British rifle fire over Poperinghe from 1,000 feet.  The crew of Lieutenant Cyril Gordon Hosking age 24 and Captain Theodore Crean are both killed. Though the aircraft has an ensign on both wings, this does not save the crew. The Red Cross at the center of the ensign dominated its pattern from a distance and it is likely they are mistaken for German crosses. These fatalities hasten the adoption of a form of the French cockade for the British in which the colors are swapped. Lieutenant Hosking’s brother will be killed in February 1917 in Mesopotamia.

Lieutenant Alastair Roderick MacLeod (Royal Field Artillery) is serving as an observer when he is captured by the 104th Saxon Regiment which will be overrun four hours later and he will rejoin his unit.  He will be killed on the first day of the invasion of Gallipoli.

Today’s casualties include:

  • Families that will lose two, three and four sons
  • Families that will lose a third son, having lost two in the South African War
  • A member of the Hampshire Constabulary
  • Multiple sons of Baronets
  • Son of a former Member of Parliament
  • Son and a grandson of Generals
  • Multiple sons of Justice’s of the Peace and a grandson of a Justice of the Peace
  • Great nephew of the former Lieutenant Governor of Bengal
  • Son of the Commissioner of the Police in Bombay
  • A man whose daughter will be born next year
  • Multiple sons of clergy and the grandson of clergy
  • A man whose nephew will be killed later in the war
  • The grandson of both the Earl of Galloway and great grandson of the Duke of Beaufort
  • Aide de campe to the former Governor of Northern Nigeria and British East Africa
  • Great grandson of an Admiral
  • Great grandson of the 8th Earl of Leven
  • Great grandson of the 7th Earl of Melville
  • An ancestor of James Dormer who served under Marlborough at Blenheim, Mons,Leige and Namur

 Today’s highlighted casualty is

 Lieutenant Charles Francis Nunneley (Northumberland Fusiliers attached King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 30. He is the son of the Reverend Frederick Barham Nunneley, a member of the Royal and Ancient St Andrews Golf Club and an avid photographer of churches, cathedrals, ministers and Abbey’s throughout England, many pictures being published in the books of Francis Bond. His wife is the niece of the ‘Honorable’ John Mansfield and his brother will be killed in March 1918.

  •  Captain Frank Stanley Day Rose (Hussars) the 2nd Baronet is killed in action at age 37 by a shell. He served alongside his four brothers in the South African War, one of which was killed another of which died during that campaign. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Charles Day Rose, the 1st Baronet who was Liberal and Free Trade Member of Parliament for New Market from 1903-1910 and 1911 to 1913 and Chairman of the Royal Automobile Club in 1907 & 1908. He is the Grandson of the Right Honorable ‘Sir’ John Rose PC GCMG and his daughter will be born next June.
  • Captain Evan Nanney Jones-Vaughan(Royal Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 29.  He is the son of Major General Hugh Jones-Vaughan and he has a brother who will die while on active service after the Armistice in November 1918. He is also the cousin of ‘Sir’ Hugh Nanney.
  • Captain Loscombe Law Stable(Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 28. He is the son of Daniel Wintringham Stable JP and great nephew of ‘Sir’ Frederick Halliday KCB Lieutenant Governor of Bengal.
  • Captain Myles Lonsdale Formby (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at Neuve Chapelle at age 39. He is the son of Myles Lonsdale Formby DL JP and his brother will be killed in February 1917.
  • Captain Edmund Hastings Harcourt Lees (Border Regiment) is killed at age 38. He was wounded in the South African War and is a grandson of the Reverend John and Lady Louisa Lees.
  • Captain Arthur Cecil Beeman (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 45. He served in the South African War 1900-02 and his nephew will be killed in September 1918.
  • Lieutenant Philip Van Neck(Grenadier Guards) is killed in action at Kriesick near Ypres at age 27. His brother was killed six days earlier.
  • Lieutenant Christopher Randolph Turnor (Hussars) is killed at age 28. He is the grandson of the 9th Earl of Galloway and great grandson of the 6th Duke of Beaufort.
  • Lieutenant St John Alan Charlton (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at Aisne at age 24. He is the grandson of Lady Florentia Hughes.
  • Lieutenant Charles John Murray (Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 32. He is a relative of the Earl of Mansfield and ‘Sir’ Robert D Moncrieffe. He served in the South African War and was Aide de Campe to ‘Sir’ Percy Girouard when he served as the Governor of Northern Nigeria and British East Africa from 1907-11.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Roger John Tomlinson (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed by a shell at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Arthur Roger Tomlinson Rector of St Michael Penkeveil and Victor of Bolton-le-Sands Carnforth Lancashire. He is the nephew of ‘Sir’ W E Tomlinson Baronet and great grandson of Rear Admiral ‘Sir’ W Symonds.
  • Lieutenant Clement Cottrell-Dormer(Scots Guards) is killed at at Kruiseik at age 23. His brother will be killed in action in February 1915.  They are great grandsons of the 8th Earl of Leven and the 7th Earl of Melville and ancestors of ‘Sir’ Michael Mormer Lord Mayor of London in 1541 and James Dormer who served under Marlborough at Blenheim, Mons, Leige and Namur.
  • Lieutenant Christopher Randolph Turner (Hussars) is killed at age 28. He is the son of Lady Henrietta Turner.
  • Lieutenant and Assistant Adjutant Philip Templer Furneaux (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at aged 25. He is the only son of the Reverend Walter Coppleston Furneaux Vicar of Dean Bedfordshire formerly Chaplain to the King’s Regiment.
  • Lieutenant John Greville Hobart Bird (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 25 at Ypres attempting to rescue one of his men who was wounded. He is the grandson of Alderman Maycock JP former Mayor of Coventry.
  • Lieutenant Charles Geoffrey Hume (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 24. His brother will be killed next August.
  • Lieutenant James Francis Hewitt(Cameronians) is killed at age 26 twelve days after his brother has suffered the same fate. They are sons of ‘the Honorable’ William James Hewitt.
  • Lieutenant Richard Herbert Phayre(Yorkshire Regiment) is killed at age 24.  His brother was killed in the opening days of the Great War. They are sons of Lieutenant Colonel Richard Phayre JP DL and grandsons of General ‘Sir’ Robert Phayre GCB.
  • Second Lieutenant Barry Maynard Rynd Denny(Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 29.  He is the son of the Reverend Edward Denny, Rector of Codford Street.
  • Second Lieutenant Jack Maynard Harding (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 20. His father Lieutenant Colonel Maynard Ffolliott Harding is currently commanding 69th
  • Sergeant Ernest George Eden (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 28. His brother will die of wounds in March 1915.
  • Sergeant Don S Reid(Seaforth Highlanders) is killed at Armentiers.  He is the son of the Reverend William Reid.
  • Corporal Thomas Constable (Dorsetshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the first of four brothers who will lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Lance Corporal Nelson Newman (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 30. His brother will be killed in less than three weeks.
  • Private George Palmer(Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 19. His brother will die of wounds in September 1917.
  • Private Albert Victor Newnham (Sussex Regiment) dies of wounds in Paris received on the Aisne at age 20. His two brothers will be killed serving the Royal Navy on HMS Tiger at Jutland and in the explosion of HMS Vanguard in 1917.
  • Private William McPherson (Scots Guards) is killed at age 30. He served in the South African War with the Royal Scots and was most recently a member of the Hampshire Constabulary.
  • Private Oliver Robert Thomas (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of wounds in August 1917.
  • Private Harry Prunnell (Border Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in September 1917.

photo from wikipedia.org