Great War Lives Lost

We died 100 years ago in the War to end all War

Tag: Welsh Guards

Sunday 22 September 1918 We Lost 652

John Winnington DSO

British forces seize passages of Jordan north of the Dead Sea and close the enemy’s last means of escape, 25,000 prisoners and 260 guns are taken. Two Turkish armies are virtually wiped out.

  • Lieutenant Colonel John Francis Sartorius Winnington DSO (commanding 1st/4th Northamptonshire Regiment) dies of wounds at age 42. He was on the first team for the Worcester Cricket Club in 1908.

The trawler Elise (Skipper Henry James) blows up two miles northeast of St Mary’s Lighthouse, Blyth while escorting a convoy when struck by a torpedo fired by UB-34. Fourteen are killed including her skipper and Seaman Cecil Robert Sharman at age 20 whose brother was killed in March 1916.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Battalion Commander
  • A Worcester cricketer
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons (including twins) in the Great War
  • The son of a member of the clergy
  • An Australian Rules footballer
  • A man whose son will be killed in the Second World War
  • A champion biliards player

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Hoysted Bradley DSO (Royal Army Medical Corps attached 15th Field Ambulance) is killed at age 34. He is the son of the Reverend Canon W H Bradley.
  • Captain John Sutcliffe Jowett (Manchester Regiment) dies of wounds received in action on 18th August at age 24. He served with the East Lancashire Regiment at Gallipoli and had a twin brother who died of wounds in June 1916.
  • Captain Keith Andrews Brown (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die in November.
  • Lance Corporal William Martin Rogers (Australian Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 25. He is a former Australian rules footballer who played three games with Carlton in 1913.
  • Private Frederick Thomas Clapham (Warwickshire Regiment) is killed at age 38. His son will be killed in the Second World War.
  • Private Frederick Holt (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 33. His is a champion billiards player.

Friday 24 May 1918 We Lost 376

Captain Thomas Colvill-Jones (Royal Air Force) dies of wounds as a prisoner of war at age 20.  He is an 11-victory ace and his brother will be killed in November of this year. He is the highest scoring Argentine born ace of the war and a biography of him entitled Your Ever Loving Son, will be published in 2008.

 Today’s losses include:

  • An 11-victory ace
  • Multiple families that lost two sons in the Great War
  • A man whose biography will be published in 2008
  • Multiple sons and a daughter of members of the clergy
  • The brother of a future admiral, general and jurist
  • A Territorial Nurse
  • An Australian Rules footballer
  • A man whose brother-in-law is killed
  • A man whose first wife’s husband was killed in October 1915

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Hugh Fanshawe Glanville (Royal Air Force) dies of injuries received the previous day in Scotland. He is the son of the Reverend Owen Fanshawe Glanville.
  • Lieutenant ‘The Honorable’ Philip Granville James FitzAlan Howard (Welsh Guards) son of thje 2nd Baron Howard of Glossop dies of wounds received in action three days earlier at age 23. His daughter will be born on 29th
  • Lieutenant Jesse Dell Berridge MC (Royal Engineer) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend Jesse Berridge Rector of Little Baddow.
  • Sub Lieutenant Charles Gordon Denning (HMS Morris) dies on service at age home at age 21. One brother was killed in September 1916 while three other brothers will go on to become a general, an admiral and a jurist.
  • Nurse Ruth Mary Nodder (Territorial Nursing Service) dies in India at age 33. She is the daughter of the Reverend J B Nodder.
  • Private Thomas Handley (Royal Marine Engineers) dies on service at age 33. His brother was killed in June 1917.
  • Private James Henry Bonella (Australian Machine Gun Corps) dies of wounds received four days earlier at age 33. He is an Australian Rules footballer for Melbourne in 1908 and his wife’s brother was killed on 21st November 1916.
  • Private Robert Herring (West Yorkshire Regiment attached Trench Mortar Battery) is killed in action. His wife’s first husband was killed in October 1915.

Wednesday 27 March 1918 We Lost 2,526

Basil Arthur Horsfall VC

Second Lieutenant Alan Arnett McLeod, while flying with his observer, Lieutenant Arthur W Hammond MC, attacks hostile formations with bombs and machine gun fire.  He is assailed at a height of 5,000 feet by eight enemy triplanes which dive at him from all directions, firing from their front guns.  By skilful maneuvering he enables his observer to fire bursts at each machine in turn, shooting three of them down out of control.  By this time Second Lieutenant McLeod has received five wounds, and while continuing the engagement a bullet penetrates his petrol tank and sets the machine afire. He then climbs out on to the left bottom plane, controlling his machine from the side of the fuselage, and by side slipping steeply keeps the flames to one side, thus enabling the observer to continue firing until the ground is reached.  The observer is wounded six times when the machine crashes in “No Man’s Land” and Second Lieutenant McLeod, notwithstanding his own wounds, drags him away from the burning wreckage at great personal risk from heavy machine gun fire from the enemy’s lines.  This very gallant pilot is again wounded by a bomb while engaged in the act of rescue, but he perseveres until he has placed Lieutenant Hammond in comparative safety, before falling himself from exhaustion and loss of blood.  For this action Lieutenant McLeod will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

Lieutenant Colonel John Stanhope Collings-Wells (Bedfordshire Regiment) VC DSO is killed in action at age 37 performing the acts that will win him the Victoria Cross.  Beginning on 22nd March during the fighting from Marcoing to Albert when the rearguard was in great danger of being captured, Lieutenant Colonel Collings-Wells calls for volunteers to remain behind and hold up the enemy for 1½ hours while the remainder of the rearguard withdraws.  During the time the colonel moved amongst his men guiding and encouraging them and even when twice wounded continues to encourage them until he is killed.

Second Lieutenant Basil Arthur Horsfall (East Lancashire Regiment) dies of wounds at Ayette at age 30 received 21st March between Moyenneville and Ablainzevelle, France performing acts for which he will be awarded the Victoria Cross. When the enemy attacked Second Lieutenant Horsfall’s center platoon, his three forward sections are driven back and he is wounded in the head by enemy fire. Ignoring the wound, he immediately reorganizes what remains of his troops and counter-attacks to regain his original position. Despite the severity of his head wound, he refuses to go to the dressing station, as the three other officers in his company have been killed. Later, he makes another counterattack, but is ordered to withdraw. The last to leave his position, he was shot soon afterwards.

Two old destroyers are mined in company off the east coast of England in the North Sea. HMS Kale (Commander Harold E Dennison) sinks while the Exe is damage losing five of her crew.

Flight Lieutenant Lea Ewart Barnes Wimbush (Royal Naval Air Service) is performing aerobatics over the assembled crowd at Berkhampstead Grammar School’s speech day when the wings of his Sopwith Triplane tear off while attempting three consecutive loops. He will die of his injuries tomorrow at age 19. His cousin will be killed in the Royal Air Force next May and due to their parents both being John and Maud Wimbush they are sometimes believed to be brothers.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Welsh Rugby International
  • A man who is both the son and father of Baronets
  • Multiple Victoria Cross Winners
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • Multiple families that will lose two and the sons in the Great War
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • Multiple men whose sons will be killed in the Second World War
  • A medical student
  • The grandson of a member of the clergy
  • A man whose father will die on service next September
  • A Police Officer
  • The Captain of the East Grimstead Football Club

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Harry Fearnley Kirkpatrick DSO (East Kent Regiment commanding Anson Battalion Royal Naval Division) dies of wounds at age 42. He is the son of ‘Sir’ James Kirkpatrick 8th Baronet of Closeburn and the father of the 10th His brother was killed in May 1917.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Skinner Raymond Sebastian MC (commanding 5th Oxford & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry) dies of wounds received in action at Cugny on 23rd March at age 31.
  • Major Austin Hanbury Brown DSO MC (Royal Engineers) is killed at age 31. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Robert Hanbury Brown KCMG.
  • Major George Paterson Nunneley MC (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 36. He is the son of the Reverend Frederick Barham Nunneley Vicar of Rennington whose younger son was killed in October 1914.
  • Captain Percival St George Findlater (Army Service Corps) is killed at age 36. He is the son of ‘Sir’ William Findlater.
  • Captain Noel Forbes Humphreys MC (Tank Corps) dies of wounds at age 27. He is a Welsh Rugby International and member of the 1910 British Tour of South Africa Rugby team. He is the son of the Reverend Henry James Humphreys Vicar of Thornley who has previously lost two other sons in the war.
  • Captain Charles Frederick Wybrow Nash MC (Norfolk Regiment) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Barnett Nash Vicar of Watton.
  • Lieutenant Edward Treloar Smart (Royal Garrison Artillery attached Royal Flying Corps) is killed in action. He is the son of the Reverend John Raester Smart Chaplain of Tonbridge School.
  • Lieutenant Edmund Sydney Howells (Royal Flying Corps) is accidentally killed while instructing at age 19. He is the son of Canon Edmund Howells vicar of Milford Haven.
  • Lieutenant Michael William Doyle (General List attached Royal Flying Corps) is accidentally killed at age 24. His brother died of wounds in February 1916.
  • Lieutenant Lionel Raymond Whately (South Wales Borderers attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in November 1916.
  • Lieutenant Dudley Walter Rowland Hall (Royal Marine Light Infantry) dies of wounds received in action at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Rowland Hall of Kirstead Rectory.
  • Flight Sub Lieutenant Edward Cuthbert Stocker (Royal Naval Air Service) is killed at age 18. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Second Lieutenant Edward White Irvine (Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 20 at Morcourt. He is a medical student at Aberdeen University and the son of the Reverend John A Irvine of the South United Free Church.
  • Second Lieutenant Robert Mather (Liverpool Regiment) is killed in action at Folies. His two brothers have been killed previously in the war.
  • Second Lieutenant David Macklin (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Herbert Walter Macklin Rector of Houghton.
  • Sergeant George Henry Caton (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 22. His father will die of pneumonia on service next September.
  • Sergeant Lionel William Loveband (Australian Light Horse) is killed in the Middle East at age 29. His brother was killed in December 1914 and they are sons of the Reverend Matthew Loveband Vicar of Burrington.
  • Corporal William Henry Warren (Machine Gun Corps) is killed. His son will be killed in the Second World War in April 1942.
  • Corporal Ashley Hatchard (South African Infantry) dies of wounds as a prisoner of war. He is the son of the late Reverend Alfred Hatchard (Resident Commissioner, Mafeking) and grandson of the late Right Reverend T G Hatchard, Bishop of Mauritius.
  • Lance Corporal Thomas Woodcock VC (Irish Guards) is killed at age 29. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions last September.
  • Lance Corporal Albert Edward Joseph (Sussex Regiment) is killed in action. He is the third son of Reverend F Joseph to die in the Great War and had been the Captain of the East Grinstead football club.
  • Rifleman Frank Godfrey (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 28. His brother was killed last June.
  • Private Thomas Daniel Richard Carter (Bedfordshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Private Don W MacBeath (Seaforth Highlanders) dies of wounds. His two brothers have already lost their lives in the Great War.
  • Private Harold Crossley (King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry) is killed at age 26. His brother was killed on Christmas Eve December 1914.
  • Private William George Elliott (Royal Fusiliers) is killed in action. His brother was killed on Gallipoli in August 1915.
  • Private George Edward Astley (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 26. He was a police officer for the London and North Western Railway Police.
  • Private Thomas Beaumont (Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 19. His only son will die in 1943 as a prisoner of the Japanese while serving in the West Yorkshire Regiment.
  • Gunner Arthur George Freeman (Royal Garrison Artillery) dies of wounds at age 33. His brother was killed in August 1916.
  • Private John Williams Bailey (Cheshire Regiment) is killed at age19. His brother was killed in August 1916.

Saturday 15 December 1917 We Lost 385

Hume Buckley Roderick

The steamship Formby is sunk by the German submarine U-62 twenty miles west northwest of Bardsey Island with the loss of fifteen lives including her Master. Among the dead is First Engineer John Moir killed at age 51.  His son was killed when S S Stuart Prince was sunk in March of this year while serving as Fourth Engineer Officer.

Today’s losses include:

  • A man whose son was killed last March
  • A man whose daughter will be born next June
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War
  • A 6-victory ace
  • One of the brothers for whom the King’s College Canterbury Gough Photographic Prize will be established

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain Hume Buckley Roderick (Welsh Guards) is killed in action at age 30. His daughter will be born on the 20th June next year.
  • Lieutenant Harold Buchanan Ryley (Suffolk Regiment) is killed in Palestine at age 49. He is the son of the Reverend George Buchanan Ryley.
  • Lieutenant George Henry Waldron Gough (Cheshire Regiment) is killed in Jerusalem when he is shot in the head at age 23. His brother will be killed in March 1918 and their father will establish at King’s College Canterbury the Gough Photographic Prizes in their memory.
  • Sergeant James Hubert Ronald Green (Royal Air Force) is killed at age 20. He is a 6-victory ace.
  • Corporal James R Sutherland (Otago Infantry) is killed in action at age 29. His brother was killed in February of this year.

Saturday 1 December 1917 We Lost 1,440

Alastair Malcolm McReady-Diamid

By today the impetus of the German advance is lost, but continued pressure will lead to the German capture of La Vacquerie in two days and the withdrawal of the British from the east of the St Quentin canal. The Germans have reached a line looping from the ridge at Quentin to near Marcoing. Their capture of Bonvais ridge makes the British hold on Bourlon precarious. Gonnelieu southwest of Cambrai is recovered though British forces withdraw from Masnieres as German counter attacks continue at Cambrai. The enemy attacks heavily at Bourlon Wood and claim 4,000 prisoners and 60 guns captured. While attacking Gauche Wood from the south-west the 18th King George’s Own Lancers fight on foot. The tanks that are supposed to accompany them are late in arriving (07:15 hours) and then become lost in the grey morning light. The Lancers though advance into the wood where they find men from the Grenadier Guards already fighting their way in from Gouzeaucourt. Machine gun nests are dealt with by the returning tanks which patrol the perimeter of the wood. To get into the wood the Grenadiers have chosen the tactic of running as fast as they can. The German gunners cannot get the range right and the casualties are light. Still with all of their senior officers gone the Grenadiers put themselves under the direction of the Lancers who organise the consolidation of Gauche Wood.

  • Captain George Henry Tatham Paton (Grenadier Guards) dies of wounds at age 22 while performing acts that will win him the Victoria Cross for his part in numerous counter attacks in the face of heavy machine gun fire until he was mortally wounded.
  • Captain John Bernard Mary Burke (Grenadier Guards) dies of wounds at age 25. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Henry Farnham Burke and the great grandson of John Burke founder, author and editor of Burke’s Peerage.
  • Lieutenant Philip Anthony Assheton Harbord MC (Grenadier Guards) is killed in action at age 20. His brother will die of wounds in July 1918 and a nephew will died of wounds in September 1919.
  • Lieutenant Bertram John Hubbard MC (Grenadier Guards) is killed in action at age 22. He is the son of the Honorable Evelyn Hubbard Member of Parliament for Lambeth and Director of the Bank of England and grandson of the 1st Baron Addington.
  • Second Lieutenant Stephen Hetley Pearson (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 35. His twin will die on service in Egypt next November.
  • Second Lieutenant Richard Charles Denman (Grenadier Guards) is killed at age 21. He is the grandson of the 1st Baron Denman of Dovedale

Attacking the Quentin Mill (from which General de Lisle had made his hasty exit the day before) the Coldstream Guards and four tanks have little difficulty in gaining their objective though at the cost of three of the tanks. The 3rd Guards Brigade has been given the objective of taking Gonnelieu itself and attack with the Welsh Guards on the right and the Grenadier Guards on the left. The Welsh are brought to a halt at the top of the ridge in front of Gonnelieu with two thirds of their men being downed by the constant stream of fire from German Machine Gun positions in the old British trenches. At this moment the only surviving tank of four with the battalion rolls into action cruising along the trench spraying the Germans with all her Lewis guns. The Germans begin to surrender and the Welshmen seize the opportunity to grab the crest of the ridge. The Grenadiers manage to fight their way into Gonnelieu village but they arrive just as the Germans themselves had been preparing their next assault and are thus feeding the area with reinforcements. Faced by superior numbers the Grenadiers withdraw to a covering position alongside the Welsh Guards.

  • Captain Reginald Percy Loyd MC (Coldstream Guards) is killed in action at age 22. He is the son of the Honorable Mrs. E Loyd.
  • Second Lieutenant Thomas Harry Basil Webb (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 19. He is the son of Lieutenant Colonel ‘Sir’ Henry Webb the 1st Baronet and his nephew Roger Christopher Arthur Watson will be killed in World War II.

At El Burf, Palestine, when the enemy in large number have managed to crawl up to within 30 yards of our firing line and with bombs and automatic rifles are keeping down the fire of our machine guns, Second Lieutenant Stanley Henry Parry Boughey (Royal Scots Fusiliers) rushes forward alone with bombs right up to the enemy, killing many and causing the surrender of a party of 30.  As he turns to go back for more bombs he is mortally wounded at the moment when the enemy is surrendering. He will die of his wounds in three days. For his actions on this day he will be awarded the Victoria Cross.

German East Africa is cleared of enemy forces as Lettow-Borbeck retires across the Rovuma River into Portuguese territory.

Yesterday at the Moeuvres Sector, France, when the enemy penetrated into our position, and the situation is extremely critical, Captain Allastair Malcolm Cluny McReady-Diarmid VC (Middlesex Regiment) leads his company through a heavy barrage and immediately engages the enemy and drives them back at least 300 yards, causing numerous casualties and taking 27 prisoners. Today the enemy again attacks and drives back another company which has lost all its officers. The captain calls for volunteers, and leading the attack, again drives them back. It is entirely due to his throwing of bombs that the ground is regained, but he is eventually killed by a bomb. For his efforts on these two days he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

Today’s losses include:

  • A Victoria Cross winner
  • A great grandson of John Burke founder, author and editor of Burke’s Peerage
  • Multiple families that will lose two and three sons in the Great War
  • A man whose nephew will be killed
  • The son of a Member of Parliament and Director of the Bank of England
  • The grandson of the 1st Baron Addington
  • A man whose twin will die on service
  • A grandson of the 1st Baron Dovedale
  • The son of a Baronet
  • The uncle of a man who will be killed in the Second World War
  • A man whose son will be killed in the Second World War
  • Multiple Military Chaplains
  • A battalion commander
  • A man whose daughter will be born next year
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The grandson of former Prime Minister Lord Salisbury
  • A Australian Rules footballer
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • One of the Herder brothers memorialized on the trophy to the Newfoundland and Labrador Senior Ice Hockey Champions every year

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Lieutenant Colonel Malcolm Docherty DSO (commanding Lord Strathcona’s Horse) is killed in action at age 40 while leading a charge. He served in the South Africa War as a Sergeant.
  • Lieutenant Randle William Gascoyne-Cecil (Royal Field Artillery) is killed in action at age 28. His daughter will be born in July 1918. His two brothers will also be killed during the Great War the first in July 1915 the second in August 1918 and they are sons of the Right Reverend Lord William Cecil Bishop of Exeter and grandsons of the former Prime Minister Lord Salisbury.
  • Lieutenant John Charles William Pinney (Royal Fusiliers attached Central India Horse) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Honorable Mrs. Pinney.
  • Lieutenant Donald Fairfax Mackenson (HMS Tower) drowns on service with Gunner John Henry Burton DSC. Mackeson is the son of Payton Temple Mackenson, JP.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur J Herder (Newfoundland Regiment) is killed at age 32. His brother was killed in July 1916 and they are memorialized on the Herder Memorila Trophy which is awarded annually to the Newfoundland and Labrador senior ice hockey Champions.
  • Chaplain the Reverend Thomas Howell (attached Shropshire Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 33.
  • Chaplain the Reverend Oswald Addenbrooke Holden (attached 60th Infantry Brigade) is killed at age 43. He is the Vicar of Penn and the son of the Reverend Oswald Mangin Holden Rector of Steeple Langford who will lose another son in Italy next October.
  • Sergeant Thomas Newby (Welsh Regiment) is killed in Palestine at age 38. His son will lose his life in the Second World War in April 1941.
  • Sergeant Otto Lowenstern (Lord Strathcona’s Horse) is killed at age 28. He is an Australian rules footballer who played with St Kilda in the Victorian Football League. Lowenstern spent both the 1910 and 1911 seasons playing in the VFL. He appeared once in 1910 while playing 11 games in 1911.
  • Corporal Bertram William Bloy (London Regiment) dies of wounds at age 22. His brother was killed in June 1916. Lance Corporal Walter Edwards (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 21. His brother was killed in March of this year.
  • Private Hugh Williams (Newfoundland Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in October 1916.
  • Private Percy Freshwater (Essex Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in August 1915 on Gallipoli.
  • Private Arthur John Byard (Royal Army Medical Corps) dies of wounds at age 37. His brother will die of wounds next March.
  • Private Thomas Henry Brocklehurst (Army Service Corps) dies on service at home at age 23. His brother was killed in action in October 1915.
  • Private Thomas William Carr (South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed. His brother will be killed in September 1918.

Wednesday 28 November 1917 We Lost 803

Machin brothers honoured

The Cambrai offensive officially ends and the British troops are ordered to lay wire and dig in and the Germans are quick to concentrate their artillery on the new British positions. Today over 16,000 rounds are fired into Bourlon Wood.

Colonel Tafel in command of 3,500 German troops from Mahenge cut off from the main for of von Lettow-Vorbeck surrenders near Newala, British East Africa.

The Guards Division clear Fontaine Notre Dame, but are counter-attacked by two German divisions and forced back.

Today’s losses include:

  • The grandson of a General and Justice of the Peace
  • The grandson of a member of the clergy
  • A man killed on the day his grandfather is buried
  • The son of a Justice of the Peace
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War
  • A family that will lose four sons in the Great War
  • Two brothers killed together
  • A Birmingham Police Officer

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain (Brevet Major) Greville John Massey Bagot Chester (Scots Guards) is killed at age 52. He is fine athlete who won many running and jumping competitions. He once won a bet for 100 pounds that he could ride, run and walk a mile in under 20 minutes. He is the grandson of Lieutenant General John Chester JP.
  • Captain Robert Chichester Drummond DSO (Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 21. This is the day his grandfather the Bishop of Chichester is buried.
  • Captain William Norman Lowe (Highland Light Infantry attached South Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 28. He is the son of Lieutenant Colonel T E Lowe OBE TD JP.
  • Private George Fisher (Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 19. His brother died of wounds on Gallipoli in 1915.
  • Private Charles, 26, and Sergeant William Ernest Machin, 28, are killed while serving with the Lincolnshire Yeomanry in Palestine.
  • Private Jesse Hughes (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 29. He is a Birmingham Policeman and his brother also a policeman was killed in June 1916.
  • Private James McClelland (Highland Light Infantry) is killed at age 22 becoming the last of four brothers who are killed in the war.

Friday 12 October 1917 We Lost 3,663

Alfred Winter-Evans

Even now Haig goes on with the battle, even though the rain and bitter cold have set in and today he orders another attack, which is fated to fail miserably, with men struggling up to their knees and waists in the dreadful mud with their rifles and machine guns clogged with it. The only solid objects in this endless waste of cratered mud are the German concrete pillboxes with their machine guns which are protected from the mud and which operated all too well. This attack cost 7,000 casualties. The Australian 3rd Division will lose 3,199 lives in the next 24 hours. The exhausted Australians are at last withdrawn but Haig is still driven with the idea capturing Passchendaele Village and orders the Canadians to take over the battle. However their General Currie refuses to move until the weather has eased and adequate supplies are available.

The Royal West Kent Regiment is ordered to attack German positions in the battle of Poelcapelle at 05:25.  As the artillery barrage begins one of the leading companies reports being struck by shells from the British artillery that are falling short.  Poor weather and ground conditions made the going difficult for the attacking troops and casualties are great.  Eventually the attack fails and the battalion suffers 285 officers and men killed, wounded and missing.

  • Private Nelson Taplin (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in July 1918.

Captain Clarence Smith Jeffries (Australian Infantry) is killed in action at Passchendaele performing acts that will win him the Victoria Cross. He is only 23 years old. The 34th Battalion – as a member of the 9th Brigade – is to take part in the 3rd Australian Division’s attack on Passchendaele, Belgium. Subject to several days of heavy rain, the battlefield has been transformed into a boggy marsh on which the attack is to commence. Jeffries commands B Company during the attack, which he halts at the entrance to Broodseinde railway cutting, as many of the direction tapes leading to the starting position have been destroyed or swallowed in the mud. To avoid any mishaps, Jeffries and another of the battalion’s company commanders, Captain T G Gilder, push on alone as far as Keerselaarhoek cemetery to find the tapes marking the battalion’s starting line for the attack. By 03:00 the 34th Battalion is formed up on the line of attack.

At the designated time of 05:25, the British open up with an artillery barrage on the German positions just as the Australian forces enter no man’s land for the attack. Heavy machine gun fire assaults the troops from all directions as they bunch together on the firmer ground to avoid sinking in the boggy mud. Serious resistance is encountered at Hilside Farm, a strong point to the east of Augustus Wood in the centre of the highest part of the Passchendaele ridge. The position consists of two pillboxes, supported by fifty meters of trench which is occupied by approximately thirty men with four machine guns. The fire from these machine guns forces the men of the 34th Battalion to seek cover on the exposed crest and threatens to halt the entire advance.

Jeffries, realizing his force is suffering heavy casualties, quickly organizes a bombing party of fourteen men and sets about outflanking the pillboxes. Accompanying Jeffries is Sergeant James Bruce, a 39-year-old Scottish-born miner who has worked for Jeffries’ father at the Abermain Collieries. According to popular legend, Bruce has promised to look out for his boss’s son, and remains at Jeffries’ side throughout the attack. Working around the position, the party attacks the emplacement from the rear, capturing four machine guns and thirty-five prisoners; thus reviving the advance. Jeffries then leads his company forward under heavy artillery and machine gun fire to reach their first objective.

In spite the heavy losses which leave gaping holes in the Allied line, it is decided that the next stage of the advance is to go ahead. At 08:25, parties from the 34th and 35th Battalions head out along the south-eastern edge of the ridge towards the outskirts of Passchendaele. Almost immediately, they come under heavy fire from a pillbox close by a railway embankment, at which time Major John Bruce Buchanan, the senior brigade officer with the advance party, falls dead, leaving Jeffries to assume control. Gathering a party of eleven men, he sets about silencing the machine gun position. Edging across the open ground, the party attacks the position from the west just as the machine gun is firing to the north. Realizing that an attack is imminent, the machine gunner switch around, mortally wounding Jeffries in the stomach and sending the rest of the party to ground. When its fire eases, the remaining members of the group work around the position rush it and seize two machine guns in conjunction with thirty prisoners.

  • Lieutenant Charles Frederick Sharland (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 34. He is the son of the Reverend Frederick Burnett Sharland.
  • Lieutenant Dudley Sinclair Elliot (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 27. His son and only child will be born next March and his brother was killed n May 1915. A third brother will be killed as a Lieutenant Commander on HMS Mashona in May 1941.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Fraser Bruce (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 31. He is a New South Wales rugby League footballer for Eastern Suburbs from 1909 to 1912.
  • Australian Chaplain ‘The Reverend’ M Bergin MC (Australian Army) is killed in action.
  • Corporal Oswald Horatio Goodrich (Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery) is killed in action at age 23. His brother was killed in August 1916.
  • Corporal Walter Henry Chibnall (Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery) is killed when struck by a shell while in a crater at age 32. His son Private William Beresford Chibnall will die as a prisoner of war of the Japanese in February 1942.
  • Corporal Sidney George Jarman (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 22. His older brother will be killed next April.
  • Private Frederick William Perrott (Australian Infantry) is killed in action at age 32. His two nephews will be killed in World War II.
  • Private Frank Rupert Fell (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in August 1916.
  • Private Edward Henry Baird (Australian Infantry) is killed at age 31. He is an Australian Union Rugby footballer who earned one cap in 1908.
  • Private Edward Henry Baird (Australian Infantry) is killed. He was Australia’s fullback in the first Test played in Brisbane in 1908.

 

  • Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Winter-Evans DSO (commanding 3rd New Zealand Rifle Brigade) is killed in action. He is a veteran of the South Africa War.
  • Lieutenant Colonel George Augustus King (commanding 1st Canterbury Regiment) is killed at age 32.
  • Lieutenant Mackenzie Gibson (Canterbury Regiment) is killed in action at age 27. He is the younger son of the Reverend Mackenzie Gibson Chaplin to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
  • Second Lieutenant Arthur Grattan Guinness (New Zealand Rifle Brigade) is killed in action in Belgium at age 27, over two years after his younger brother has been killed on Gallipoli.
  • Second Lieutenant George Marmaduke Vavasour (New Zealand Rifle Brigade) is killed in action at age 26. His brother was accidentally killed in January of this year.
  • Sergeant James McKenzie Boyle MM (Otago Regiment) is killed at age 34. His son will be killed serving in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve in February 1941.
  • Corporal Donald Peter Brown Hosie (Otago Regiment) an architect is killed at age 22. Just prior to his conscription he won a competition to design Wanganui’s new art gallery, the Sarjeant Gallery, and authorities agreed to a request by the then town mayor to defer his overseas posting until he completed the working drawings. Today it is regarded as among the finest provincial art galleries in New Zealand, the gallery was opened by Prime Minister William Massey in September 1919. It will be Hosie’s only work.
  • Lance Corporal Douglas Horatio Dumbleton (New Zealand Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 28. He is the grandson of General Charles Dumbleton.
  • Corporal Daniel Verner Henry Du Vall (Canterbury Regiment) is killed at age 30. He is a Rugby League professional who played for Hawke’s Bay and his country.
  • Lance Corporal Cyril Hartnett (Otago Regiment) is killed in action. His brothers Dennis, John and Philip will all die as a result of Great War service.
  • Rifleman Walter Downes (New Zealand Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed on Gallipoli on the second day of the landing.
  • Private Leslie Hastie Dewar (Otagao Infantry) is killed at age 19. His brother will be killed in less than two months.
  • Private Alfred William Nordstrom (Canterbury Regiment) is killed at age 34. His brother was killed last June.
  • Private William Nicol Kininmont (Otago Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed two days before year end.
  • Private Claude Leonard Knowles (Canterbury Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the son of the Reverend Walter Frank Knowles Vicar of Amberley New Zealand.
  • Brothers and Riflemen Leonard Henry Dixon and Cecil Morland Hight (New Zealand Rifle Brigade) are killed together. Leonard is 27 and Cecil 22.

Today’s losses include:

  • A man whose son will be born next March and who had a brother killed in May 1915 a third brother who will be killed in the Royal Navy in May 1941
  • The son of a United States Civil War correspondent
  • A Great War Poet
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • A man whose sister will drown in the S S Osmanieh sinking
  • A man whose son will be killed in the RAFVR in February 1941
  • Multiple families that will lose two, three and four sons in the Great War
  • Brothers killed together
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • A Military Chaplain
  • A man whose son will die as a prisoner of war of the Japanese in February 1942
  • A man who will be killed in the Second World War
  • A Rugby International
  • An Australian Union Rugby Player
  • An Australian fullback in the 1st Test played in Brisbane in 1908
  • The son of a General
  • The grandson of a General

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain and Adjutant Cyril Shakespear Beachcroft (Household Battalion) is killed at age 32. He is the son of the Reverend Charles Seward Beachcroft.
  • Captain Ian Ferguson Duncanson (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in July 1916 while his sister will drown in the Osmanieh next December.
  • Captain Frederick Tyrell Godman (Royal Sussex Regiment) dies after serving two years as a prisoner at Holzminden, Germany at age 42. He is the son of General Richard Temple Godman and was a South African War veteran.
  • Captain Walter Ronald Wacher (Berkshire Regiment) is killed in action. His brother was killed in August 1915. Lieutenant Christian Harold Ernest Boulton (Cameron Highlanders attached Staff Headquarters) is killed at age 20. He is the Aide de Campe to Major General ‘Sir’ Eric Geddes. He authored with Miss Gertrude Jennings of Elegant Edward which was produced at the Haymarket in May last year. He is the son of ‘Sir’ Harold Edwin Boulton JP the 2nd
  • Lieutenant James Emil Burleigh MC (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 21. He is the last of three sons of war correspondent Bennet Burleigh who died in 1914 and who served in the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
  • Lieutenant A S Harper (Black Watch) is killed at age 26. His brother will be killed in December.
  • Second Lieutenant George Addis Adamson (King’s Own Scottish Borderers) is killed in action at age 19. He is the son of the Reverend Robert Adamson.
  • Second Lieutenant William Robert Hamilton (Coldstream Guards attached Machine Gun Corps) is killed in action at age 26. He is considered a Great War poet.
  • CSM Arthur Philip Rogers DCM (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed in action. He is the middle of three brothers who lose their lives as a result of war service.
  • Private Donald Calder (Cameron Highlanders) is killed at age 26. His two brothers were killed in September 1915.
  • Private Alfred Campkin (Berkshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 30. He has two brothers who will be killed in 1918.
  • Private Alexander Downie (Cameron Highlanders) is killed in action at age 29. His brother will die of wounds in less than one month.
  • Private William Oliver Gee (Wiltshire Regiment) is killed in action at Salonika at age 25. His brother will also be killed on service.
  • Private Harold Johnson (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 26. His older brother was killed in September 1916.
  • Private Charles Daniels (Berkshire Regiment) is killed at age 27. His brother will be killed in October next year.
  • Leading Seaman Frederick Crichton Allison (Drake Battalion Royal Naval Division) dies of wounds at age 32. His brother was killed last month.
  • Private Edward Hayes (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 24. His brother will die of wounds in November 1918.

Monday 3 September 1917 We Lost 540

Four Gotha bombers attack the Royal Naval barracks at Chatham with two bombs striking a drill hall being used as a temporary dormitory for naval recruits killing 130 and injuring 88.

Flight Lieutenant Arthur Roy Brown (Royal Flying Corps) attacks a two-seater Aviatik while in company with his flight. The enemy machine is seen to dive down vertically, the enemy observer falling over the side of the fuselage after being shot. Flight Commander Stearne Tighe Edwards (Royal Naval Air Service) with his flight attacks a two-seater Aviatik.  The enemy machine is observed to go down in a vertical nose dive, and the enemy observer is seen to collapse in the cockpit.

Today’s losses include:

  • Multiple sons of members of the clerg
  • The grandson of a former Member of Parliament
  • The subject of the biography Christopher
  • A nurse whose brother will be killed next April
  • Multiple families that will lose two sons in the Great War
  • The son of the editor of The Manxman

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Captain George Kenneth Thompson Fisher (Norfolk Regiment) is killed at age 38 in Palestine. He is the eldest son of Reverend George Carnac Fisher, successively Bishop of Southampton and Ipswich, and Honorable Canon of Norwich, of Burgh House, Fleggburgh, Norfolk, and of Mary Penelope Gwendoline, daughter of the late T C Thompson, of Ashdown Park, Sussex, late MP for Durham City. He married Janet Katherine Mary, daughter of Mr and Mrs Anson and sister of the late ‘Sir’ Denis Anson Baronet and leaves two sons. Captain Fisher was given a commission on the outbreak of the War in the Norfolk Regiment and sailed with them for Gallipoli in June 1915, taking part in the landing at Suvla Bay. He was mentioned in despatches. He was invalided home suffering from dysentery and then held a Staff Appointment and subsequently a position in the Ministry of Munitions, but returned to his regiment and sailed for Egypt in March 1917. Last night he was out on patrol in Gaza and, being somewhat in advance of the rest, is mortally wounded by a bomb thrown by a Turkish sniper. He is brought back into the lines by the patrol, but dies a few minutes after his return.
  • Brothers serving in the Royal Flying Corps die within hours of each other one in England the other in France. Captain Geoffrey Harold Harding (Warwickshire Regiment attached Royal Flying Corps) drowns in the Thames at age 23. Lieutenant Sidney Allen Harding (Royal Flying Corps) dies of wounds received during an enemy air raid on his aerodrome at age 25.
  • Lieutenant Leonard Widlake Dean (New Zealand Field Artillery) is killed at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend Oliver Dean Vicar of St Andrew’s Napier New Zealand.
  • Second Lieutenant George Christopher Serocold Tennant (Welsh Guards) is killed in action near Langemarck at age 19. He will become the subject of the biography entitled Christopher by ‘Sir’ Oliver Lodge.
  • Second Lieutenant Sidney Fraser Fraser Smith (Royal Field Artillery) dies of wounds at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend David Fraser Smith.
  • Nurse Katharine Ferrars Kinnear (St John’s Ambulance) dies of enteric fever in France at age 29. She is the daughter of the Reverend Henry G Kennear and has been awarded a Diploma by the French government in recognition of her services in the War. Her brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Sub Lieutenant Edward George Cummings Unwin (Hood Battalion, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve) is killed in action at age 22. He is the son of the Reverend William Unwin and has a brother who will be killed in North Russia in September 1919.
  • Corporal William Hurt (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed in action at age 19. His brother was killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Able Seaman Geoffrey Marples Edwardes (Anson Battalion, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve) is killed. He is the son of the editor of “The Manxman”.
  • Private Thomas Palmer (Suffolk Regiment) dies of wounds received in action at age 19. His brother was killed in October 1914.
  • Private William Newton Beer (Cambridgeshire Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother was killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Private Job Stephens (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed at age 19. His brother was killed in April 1916.
  • Private Albert Owen Hewson (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed last April.

Tuesday 31 July 1917 We Lost 6,527

Ellis Humphrey ‘Hedd Wyn’ Evans

The official name of the battle is the 3rd Ypres, but it is universally known as the Battle of Passchendaele because it is really a series of engagements with the one objective of taking Passchendaele Village and its Ridge. It commences with an attack on the Northern Flats at Pilckem to the left and the Gheluvelt Ridge to the right. The troops at Pilckem are supported by massed tanks and this attack is initially successful but the right flank is held up and fails to reach its objective of the Gheluvelt Ridge.  Then at 16:00 the rain starts and will last for days and the flooding will make it impossible for the tanks to operate.

Although Haig has originally only proposed a short battle to break through the German Lines and this is now impossible, he insists on continuing the battle at Langemarck to the North. General Gough, whom Haig has chosen because he was the most aggressive of his Generals, actually advises Haig to cease the battle but Haig continues the battle despite horrific losses for another three weeks until 26th August before he closes it down.

He then decides to change the axis of attack from the North to the East and, when finer weather comes, to order the assault on the ridge itself. He also changes Generals and General Plumer is put in charge of the next assault. Plumer, one of the most astute of the Generals, is an advocate of a small scale limited advance under cover of a creeping barrage which will also prevent German counterattacks. This will lead to a concentration of force on a narrow front, it will be easier to relieve the tired men and food and ammunition can readily be brought up to them. The men are to advance behind the shelter of the exploding shells and be hidden from the enemy by the smoke and dust of the barrage, however this will be impossible if it rains and the ground turns into mud.

The 1st and 2nd Coldstream Guards, forming part of the Guards Division, attack to the east of the Yser Canal.  The attack is very successful as the line advances, 3,000 yards to Pilckem. Private Thomas Whitham will be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at Pilkem during the attack when an enemy machine-gun is seen to be enfilading the battalion on the right. Private Whitham on his own initiative immediately works his way from shell-hole to shell-hole through our own barrage, reaches the machine-gun and, although under very heavy fire captures it, together with an officer and two other ranks. When leading waves are temporarily held up by fire from a blockhouse Second Lieutenant Reginald Rees Jones (Welsh Guards) pushes up to the obstacle and fires his rifle through the slits disregarding the danger which confronts him.  He then enters the blockhouse and deals with the occupants and enables the advance to be continued.  He is later badly wounded in the head from which he will die on 25th August.  For his actions this day he will be awarded the DSO.

The 10th Welsh Regiment advances at 03:50 and gets lost in the darkness.  They are able to secure two German trenches but the rain makes the going extremely difficult.

At Wieltje, Belgium the leading waves of an attack become disorganized by enemy rifle and machine-gun fire at very close range from positions which were believed to be in friendly hands.  Temporary Lieutenant Colonel Bertram Best-Dunkley dashes forward, rallies his men and personally leads them in an assault of these positions, which in spite of heavy losses, are carried.  He continues to lead his battalion until all of their objectives are gained.  Later in the day when the British positions are threatened he gathers his men and leads them in an attack that beats off the advancing German forces.  He is wounded and will die of those wounds in five days.  For his actions on this day Lieutenant Colonel Best-Dunkley will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

The Peasant Poet of Meath, Lance Corporal Francis Edward Ledwidge (Inniskilling Fusiliers), is killed in action at age 29.  He is killed during a violent rainstorm, laying wooden planks over the muddy quagmire of the battlefield to enable guns and equipment to be moved forward.  Drenched to the skin he pauses for a mug of tea and a shell from the continuous heavy bombardment explodes nearby killing him instantly.  The majority of his work is about Ireland and the fairies. His war poems include A Soliloquy, A Soldier’s Grave, The Irish In Gallipoli, Home, and Ascension Thursday: 1917.

The Irish In Gallipoli

Where Aegean Cliffs with bristling menace front

The treacherous splendor of that isley sea,

Lighted by Troy’s last shadow; where the first

Hero kept watch and the last Mystery

Shook with dark thunder, Hark! The battle brunt!

A nation speaks, old Solences are burst.

‘Tis not for lust of glory, no new throne

This thunder and this lightning of our power

Wakens up frantic echoes, not for these

Our Cross with England’s mingle, to be blown

At Mammon’s threshold. We but war when war

Serves Liberty and Keeps a world at peace.

Who said that such an emprise could be vain?

Were they not one with Christ, who fought and died?

Let Ireland weep: but not for sorrow, weep

That by her sons a land is sanctified,

Let Christ arisen and angels one again

Come back, like exile birds, and watch their sleep

Another poet Private Ellis Humphrey Evans (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) becomes the second Great War poet to be killed in action today when he is killed at age 30. He wrote poetry under the name ‘Hedd Wyn’ Welsh for “Blessed Peace” (literal translation: white peace). Evans spent most of his life on a hill farm, Yr Ysgwrn, near Trawsfynydd, Merionethshire (Gwynedd). By the age of 28, he had won four Eisteddfod chairs for his poetry. Evans will be awarded the Bardic Chair at the 1917 National Eisteddfod, Birkenhead, for his poem “Yr Arwr” (“The Hero”), written in the verse form known as an awdl. The award will be posthumous, with the Eisteddfod Chair draped in black cloth during the award ceremony.

Captain Thomas Riversdale Colyer-Fergusson (Northamptonshire Regiment) is shot and killed by a sniper at age 21. Earlier today the tactical situation having developed contrary to expectation, it is not possible for his company to adhere to the original plan of deployments, and owing to the difficulties of the ground and to enemy wire, Captain Colyer Fergusson finds himself with a Sergeant and five men only. He carries out the attack nevertheless, and succeeds in capturing the enemy trench and disposing of the garrison. His party is then threatened by a heavy counter-attack from the left front, but this attack he successfully resists. During this operation, assisted by his orderly only, he attacks and captures an enemy machine gun and turns it on the assailants, many of whom are killed and a large number driven into the hands of an adjoining British unit. Later, assisted only by his Serjeant, he again attacks and captures a second enemy machine gun, by which time he has been joined by other portions of his company, and he is able to consolidate his position. For his actions he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. His brother will die on service in 1940.

Second Lieutenant Denis George Wyldbore Hewitt (Hampshire Regiment) is in command of a company in attack. When his first objective has been captured he reorganizes the company and moves forward towards his objective. While waiting for the barrage to lift, he is hit by a piece of shell, which explodes the signal lights in his haversack and set fire to his equipment and clothes. Having extinguished the flames, in spite of his wound and the severe pain he is suffering, he leads forward the remains of the company under very heavy machine gun fire, and captures and consolidated his objective. The 19 year old is subsequently killed by a sniper while inspecting the consolidation and encouraging his men.  For his efforts he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. He is the son of the late Honorable George Hewitt.

Corporal James Llewellyn Davies (Welsh Fusiliers) pushes through our own barrage and single-handed attacks a machine gun emplacement, after several men had been killed in attempting to take it. He bayonets one of the machine gun crew and brings in another man, together with the captured gun. Corporal Davies, although wounded, then leads a bombing party to the assault of a defended house, and kills a sniper who is harassing his platoon. This gallant non-commissioned officer dies of wounds received during the attack for which he will be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross.

The cargo ship Belgian Prince (Master Henry Hasson) when about 175 miles from Tory Island, Ireland is struck by a torpedo at about 19:50 on the port side between the engine room and the #5 hold. The engines soon are disabled along with the dynamo which keeps the ship from sending a distress signal. The ship takes on a list and the crew abandons her in three lifeboats. During this time U-55 surfaces and begins to shell the ship with the intention of disabling the wireless. Then U-55 moves around to the starboard side and fires her machine gun at the ship. The submarine then approaches the three lifeboats which hold the entire forty-two man crew. They are all ordered to get out of the boats and taken on board the deck of the U-55. The Master, Harry Hassan is taken below while the men on deck are searched. The crew of the U-55 takes the lifebelts from most of the survivors and throws them overboard. The U-55 crew then goes below and close the hatch and the boat gets underway on the surface, sailing about two miles then submerges the U-55 with the forty-one survivors still on the deck of the boat. Without lifejackets the men in the water have little chance of survival and all but three die, but the three who survived were able to tell the tale of what happened to their fellow crewmen after they were picked up by a British patrol boat later in the day. Master Hasson though taken below is never heard from again.

Today’s losses include:

  • Two Great War Poets
  • A member of Tolkien’s Tea Club and Barrovian Society
  • Three posthumous Victoria Cross winners
  • A Brigadier General’s Brigade Major (the General will die in two days)
  • The son of a Major General
  • The son of a Brigadier General
  • Captain of the 1909 England Rugby team that toured Australian and for whom the Mobbs Trophy is named
  • Multiple battalion commanders
  • A son of the 8th Earl of Albermarle
  • The son of a Baronet
  • The son-in-law of a Baronet
  • A member of the New Zealand Parliament
  • The son of the first native born Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • The son of a Member of Parliament
  • An Irish Rugby International
  • A Scottish Rugby International
  • A Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer
  • The Captain of the Dulwich College football team 1914-15
  • The brother of a multiple Wimbledon Doubles and Olympic Gold medal winner
  • A well known footballer
  • An Australian Rules footballer
  • Multiple sons of members of the clergy
  • The grandson of a member of the clergy
  • Multiple sons of Justices of the Peace
  • An Australian diarist
  • A journalist
  • A military Chaplain
  • A schoolmaster
  • A man for whom three lakes in British Columbia will be named
  • The son of a city councilor
  • Multiple men who will have daughters born after they are killed
  • Multiple families that will lose two, three and four sons in the Great War
  • Brothers killed together
  • Multiple men who will have sons lose their lives in the Second World War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Brigadier General Alister Fraser Gordon CMG DSO General Officer Commanding 153rd Infantry Brigade will die of wounds received in action today at age 45. The General and his Brigade Major, Captain Hugh Henry Lean, (Highland Light Infantry), while walking around the trenches, are struck by a shell.  Captain Lean is killed instantly at age 29, while the Brigadier General dies two days later. He is the son of Major General K E Lean CB.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Edgar Roberts Mobbs DSO (commanding 7th Northamptonshire Regiment) an International rugby player at age 37. He captain the 1909 England team that toured Australia. The Mobbs Memorial Match is named for him. He is killed charging an enemy machine gun post. He raised and commanded the 7th
  • Lieutenant Colonel James Cosmo Russell DSO (Hodsons Horse commanding 6th Cameron Highlanders) is killed at age 38. He is the son of the Reverend Henry Charles Russell Rector of Wollaton.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Frank Page DSO (commanding 1st/1st Hertfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 39.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Daniel Reid DSO (Inniskilling Fusiliers commanding 1st Irish Rifles) is killed at age 35.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Courtenay Talbot Saint Paul DSO (commanding 36th Battery 45 Brigade Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 35.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Elton Sunderland (commanding 2nd Devonshire Regiment) is killed at age 42. He is the son of the Reverend James Sunderland Vicar of Eggington.
  • Major (Acting Lieutenant Colonel) Eric Beresford Greer MC (commanding 2nd Irish Guards) is killed in action while standing outside the advanced battalion headquarters by shrapnel at Boesinghe at age 25. His daughter will be born in December while his brother was killed last February and they are sons of ‘Sir’ John Henry Greer.
  • Major Thomas Geoffrey Rawstorne (Lancashire Hussars) dies of wounds. He is the son-in-law of ‘Sir’ William Wyndham Portal 2nd
  • Major Henry Leech (Acting Commander 8th Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 40.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Henry Murray Tollemache Hope-Johnstone MC (commanding 12th Royal Fusiliers) is killed in action at age 31. His brother was killed in October 1914.
  • Captain William Henry Dillon Bell (King Edward’s Horse) is killed. He is a Member of the New Zealand Parliament and son of the Honorable ‘Sir’ Francis Bell GCMG the first native born Prime Minister of New Zealand.
  • Captain John Swinnerton Dyer (Scots Guards) the 12th Baronet is also killed in action this day. His daughter will be born 28th January 1918.
  • Captain Hubert Alfred Harris (Royal Army Medical Corps attached Royal Field Artillery) is killed at age 37. His brother died of wounds in April of this year and they are sons of the Reverend Frederic William Harris.
  • Captain Arthur Lea Harris (North Lancashire Regiment) is killed. He is the son of the Reverend S F Harris.
  • Captain and Adjutant Ronald Newton Caws MC (Gloucestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 27. He is the son of Captain Silas Newston Caws JP.
  • Captain Alfred Squire Taylor (Royal Army Medical Corps attached Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 29. He is the son of the Reverend David Alexander Taylor DD and an Irish Rugby International.
  • Captain Basil William Head (Hertfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 26. He is the son of the Reverend William Head Rector of Brilley.
  • Captain Arthur Hensley Hudson (Royal Berkshire Regiment) is killed in action at age 25. He was the son of the Reverend Thomas Hudson and had been an undergraduate at Keble College, Oxford.
  • Captain Eric George Brock MC (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend George Albert Brock Congregational Minister.
  • Captain Frederic Ernest Bodel MC (Liverpool Regiment) is killed in action. He is a barrister-at-law and the son of the Reverend James Bodel.
  • Captain David Arthur MC (Indian Medical Service) dies as a prisoner of war in Baghdad at age 32. He is the son of George Arthur JP.
  • Captain Charles Vernon Martyn Simpson (King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment) is killed in action at age 26. He is the son of Isaac Simpson JP.
  • Captain Thomas Kenneth Barnsley (Coldstream Guards) is killed at age 25. As a member of Tolkien’s Tea Club and Barrovian Society he was known as the wise cracking ‘Tea Cake’ and he is the son of Brigadier General John Barnsley.
  • Captain Cameron Roy Carruthers (Cameron Highlanders) is killed at age 28. His brother was killed in April of this year and they are sons of ‘Sir’ William Carruthers.
  • Lieutenant Clifford Stanton (Welsh Regiment) is killed at age 23. He is the son of C B Stanton CBE JP a Member of Parliament.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Pillans Ward (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend Thomas Ward Rector of Alwalton.
  • Lieutenant Luther James Swallow (North Staffordshire Regiment) is killed at age 33. He is the son of the Reverend Doctor Robert Swallow.
  • Lieutenant James Young Milne-Henderson (Highland Light Infantry) is killed in action at age 26. He is a Scottish International Rugby Football player, member of the Madras Rugby team and the Junior East of Scotland Swimming Champion. His younger brother will be killed next January and they are sons of J Milne-Henderson JP.
  • Lieutenant Walter Leverton Jessopp (Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 20. His older brother was killed in May of this year.
  • Lieutenant Harold Madoc Jones (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 38. He is the son of the late John Roberts JP.
  • Lieutenant Henry Paul Mainwaring Jones (Machine Gun Corps) is killed. He was the captain of the football team at Dulwich College 1914-15.
  • Lieutenant ‘the Honorable’ Albert Edward George Arnold Keppel (Rifle Brigade) is killed in action at age 19. He is the son of the 8th Earl and Countess of Albemarle.
  • Lieutenant Andrew Buckland Hodge (Leinster Regiment) is killed at age 24. He is the son of the Reverend John Mackey Hodge Vicar of St Luke’s Plymouth.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Cyril Nicholls-Jones (Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at Pilkem at age 30. He is the grandson of the Reverend Evan Lewis.
  • Lieutenant Charles Isaacs Coburn (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at Hollebeke at age 32. He is a Rosslyn Park Rugby footballer.
  • Lieutenant Neville Ernest Baker (Royal Engineers attached Tank Corps) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in March 1916.
  • Lieutenant Sydney Harold Osbrone Wilshire (Australian Field Artillery) is killed at age 27. His brother was killed in May and both are Australian Diarists.
  • Second Lieutenant Louis James Penard Laycock (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend James Marshall.
  • Second Lieutenant Vincent Connel Byrne (Irish Rifles) is killed at age 21. He is the son of George Byrne JP.
  • Second Lieutenant John Stewart Gellatly (Royal Scots) is killed at age 24. His brother was killed last April.
  • Second Lieutenant John Ambrose Barratt (Rifle Brigade) is killed at age 36. He was a signalling officer and well liked by his fellow officers; the young officer’s called him ‘Father Barrett’. He is the brother of the Wimbledon Doubles Tennis Champion of 1909, 1912 and 1913 who also won the 1908 Indoor Olympic Doubles Gold Medal Champion.
  • Second Lieutenant Frederick Charles Westmacott (Royal West Kent Regiment) is killed in action at age 19 over two years after his older brother has been killed. They are the sons of Canon Westmacott.
  • Second Lieutenant William Sewell Calderwood (Cameronians) is killed in action at age 20. He is the son of the Reverend R S Calderwood.
  • Second Lieutenant Jack Douglas Wheeler (Suffolk Regiment) is killed in action at age 28. His brother was killed in November 1916.
  • Second Lieutenant Herbert Edward Boag (Machine Gun Corps attached Tank Corps) is killed at age 25. He is a journalist.
  • Second Lieutenant Hugh Brown (Royal Irish Rifles) is killed. His brother was killed in January last year.
  • Second Lieutenant George McMillan (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed at age 31. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Second Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Francis Joseph O’Brien (Worcestershire Regiment) is killed in action at age 31. His brother was killed last February.
  • Second Lieutenant Francis Alan Wray (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 27. His brother will be killed next September.
  • Second Lieutenant Scott Gladstone Morton (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 25. He is the son of the Reverend William Henry Morton.
  • Second Lieutenant William Folds Cooper (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 26. His brother was killed in September 1916.
  • Second Lieutenant Eric Abley Claxton (King’s Royal Rifle Corps) is killed at age 21. He is the son of the Reverend Arthur E Claxton.
  • Second Lieutenant Richard Willett (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed. He is the son of the Reverend Richard Knight Willett Vicar of Norden.
  • Second Lieutenant Rodney Francis Richardson (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 18. He is the son of the Reverend Mark Richardson Vicar of St John’s Hudderfield.
  • Chaplain 4th Class William Duncan Geare MC (attached 165th Infantry Brigade) is killed in action at Passchendaele at age 26. He was the Chaplain of Westminster School and Queen’s College Cambridge.
  • Sergeant Thomas Henry Worle (Australian Field Artillery) is killed at age 32. He is an Australian Rules Footballer who played in 3 games for Collingwood in 1907.
  • Corporal Henry Fraser (Gordon Highlanders) is killed. He is the last of four brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Corporal Roderick Angus McKinnon (Otago Regiment) a schoolmaster is killed at age 32. His brother will be killed tomorrow.
  • Lance Corporal Robert William Stocker (Machine Gun Corps) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed in November 1914.
  • Lance Corporal Major Phillips (South Wales Borderers) is killed at age 32. His brother was killed last July.
  • Lance Corporal Alexander W Lawrie (Black Watch) is killed in action at age 20. His two older brothers were killed last year.
  • Lance Corporal Thomas William James Churchhouse (Manchester Regiment) is killed at age 20. His brother will be killed in the loss of HMS Stephen Furness in December.
  • Rifleman Arthur Adams (Liverpool Regiment) is killed in action. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Private Riley Whitehead (Lancashire Fusiliers) is killed in action on the first day of the battle at Pilkem Ridge Ypres at age 31. He is a well-known football player.
  • Private Edward West (West Surrey Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. He is the third and youngest of three brothers who lose their lives in the Great War.
  • Private Sydney Wilbraham (Liverpool Regiment) is killed in action at age 19. His brother was killed in August 1916.
  • Private Ruper Edwin Penfold Grimley (London Regiment attached Gordon Highlanders) dies of wounds at age 18. He is the son of the Reverend Arthur Lee Grimley.
  • Privates Samuel, age 22 and William, age 19 Spilsbury are killed together while serving with the Cheshire Regiment.
  • Private Albert Edwin Severn (Cheshire Regiment) is killed at age 30. His elder brother was killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
  • Private William Hazelby (Grenadier Guards) is killed in action at age 23. His brother was killed last March.
  • Private Dick Goodger (Lincolnshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother was killed in April of this year.
  • Private John McIntosh (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed at age 29. His brother will be killed in August of next year, while another brother will be killed in a mine accident at the Auchengeich Pit on 17th September 1959.  Their brother in law will be killed one week after the brother that dies next year.
  • Private James Matheston (Seaforth Highlanders) is killed. His brother will be killed in three weeks.
  • Sapper Thomas Charlie Poole (Royal Engineers) is killed at age 23. His brother will be killed in October 1918.
  • Private Albert Harrowell (Hertfordshire Regiment) is killed at Ypres at age 31. His brother will be killed in May 1918.
  • Private Reginald Walter Ambrose (Hertfordshire Regiment) is killed in action at Ypres at age 23. His brother will be killed in November.
  • Private Albert E Mills (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) is killed at age 25. His brother was killed in May 1915.
  • Private John Stone (Sussex Regiment) is killed at St Julian at age 20. His brother was killed in January 1915.
  • Private Ernest Hampton Turner (Sherwood Foresters) is killed at age 23. His brother was killed last September.
  • Private George L Eusden (East Lancashire Regiment) is killed leading a bombing party at age 28. His half-brother will be killed next month.
  • Private Harold Ison (Cambridgeshire Regiment) is killed at age 22. His brother will die of wounds next April.
  • Private John Duxbury (Machine Gun Corps) is killed in home waters at age 34. He is commemorated on the Hollybrook Memorial and his brother was killed last July.
  • Private Bruce R Moore (Middlesex Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed in September 1916.
  • Private Robert A Griffin (Black Watch) is killed in action. His two brothers have already been killed, the first in May 1915, the second in May of this year.
  • Private David Ross (Black Watch) is killed at age 20. His brother will be killed in July of next year.
  • Private Jonathan Towns (Black Watch) is killed at age 36. His brother died on service at home in June 1915.
  • Private Thomas Archer (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 25. He brother was killed last month.
  • Private Frederick Smith (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 21. He is the last of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Private William McDoanld (Gordon Highlanders) is killed at age 25. He is the middle of three brothers who are killed in the war.
  • Private Richard Goodman Carder (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) is killed in action becoming the third of three brothers who are killed in the Great War.
  • Private Thomas William Verrall (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 26 one month after his older brother was killed serving in the same regiment.
  • Private Leonard West MM (Sussex Regiment) is killed in ation at age 22. His brother was killed in October 1916.
  • Private Edward John Herbert (Sussex Regiment) is killed at age 26. His brother will be killed in April next year.
  • Private Arthur Ewen (Welsh Regiment) is killed in action at age 20. His brother will be killed in March next year.
  • Private David Reith (Gordon Highlanders) is killed at age 20. Three lakes in Granby Provincial Partk British Columbia will be named for him on 11th November 1997.
  • Private William Donald Quirie (Scots Guards) is killed at age 22. His brother will be killed next August.
  • Private George William Dobson (Sussex Regiment) dies of wounds at age 22. His brother will be killed next March.
  • Private Thomas Richard Bird (Northamptonshire Regiment) is killed. His brother was killed last August.
  • Private Leonard Blease (Cheshire Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother was killed last July.
  • Private Fred Hopwood (West Surrey Regiment) is killed at age 23. His brother will die of illness on service in next April.
  • Private Alfred Walter Wayman (Cambridge Regiment) is killed at age 21. His brother will be killed in April 1918.
  • Private Thomas William Bates (Cambridge Regiment) is killed at age 25. His brother will die of wounds in March 1918.
  • Private Fred Docker (Royal Fusiliers) is killed at age 23. He is the son of Councillor Robert Fell Docker.
  • Private Percy Coleman (Royal Fusiliers) is killed in action at Ypres at age 32. His brother will be killed next April.
  • Private Frank Howe (Royal Fusiliers) is killed. His brother was killed last month.

Three men who are killed today will have their sons killed in the Second World War.

  • Private William Ernest Gerrard (Liverpool Regiment) is killed at age 33. Son will be killed in March 1943.
  • Private Arthur Vitler (Hertfordshire Regiment) is killed at age 38. Son will be killed in June 1943.
  • Private Edwin James Howell (Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery) is killed at age 29. His son will lose his life serving in the Royal New Zealand Air Force.

Wednesday 7 March 1917 – We Lost 388

thomas-henry-kay

H M Trawler Vivanti (Skipper Thomas Henry Kay) founders off the coast of Fairlight Hastings. Thirteen including her skipper are lost. The fishing vessel Vulcana (Skipper Robert Walte Windeatt) is sunk by gunfire from UC-76 forty miles east southeast from Auskerry Lighthouse. Two are killed including her skipper.

Today’s losses include:

  • The son of a General
  • The son of a member of the clergy
  • A Vancouver British Columbia Police Constable
  • Multiple families that will lose two son in the Great War
  • Multiple men who will lose two brothers in the Great War

Today’s highlighted casualties include:

  • Major James Duff Stuart (Canadian Pioneers attached Royal Flying Corps) is killed when he and his pilot are shot down in flames over Lens. He is the son of Brigadier General James Duff Stuart.
  • Second Lieutenant Charles James Dyer (Royal Garrison Artillery) is killed at age 34. He is the first of three brothers who are killed in the War.
  • Second Lieutenant Noel William Scott Fletchder (Durham Light Infantry) is killed at age 19. He is the son of Canon W E Fletcher Rector of St Matthew’s Ipswich.
  • Corporal Hazen Winslow Hall (Western Ontario Regiment) is killed in action at age 31. He is a constable for the Vancouver Police Department.
  • Private Ernest John Fehrenbach (Welsh Guards) is killed at age 28. His brother was killed in July 1916.
  • Private Arthur Albert Mears MM (Australian Infantry) dies at age 27. His brother died of wounds less than one month previously.
  • Private George Dunster (East Kent Regiment) dies of wounds at age 38. He is the first of three brothers who lose their lives this year while on service.